Japanese Unification

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<ul><li> 1. Identify three things Identify three things nneeeeddeedd ttoo eenndd tthhee SSeennggookkuu EErraa..</li></ul> <p> 2. JJaappaanneessee UUnniiffiiccaattiioonnOOddaa NNoobbuunnaaggaa Toyotomi Hideyoshi Tokugawa IeyasuUtilized ruthless force,military skill and firearmsfrom Europe to unite most ofHonshu. He was betrayedUtilized ruthless force,military skill and firearmsfrom Europe to unite most ofHonshu. He was betrayedand killed in 1580.and killed in 1580.Utilized great military skilland diplomacy to pacifyresisting Daimyos. Hebecame military master ofJapan by 1590 and died in1598.Utilized military andpolitical skill to limit thepower of the Daimyos. 1603- Granted title of Shogun,unified Japan and ended theera of sengoku. 3. JJaappaanneessee IInnvvaassiioonnNow that I have united Japan,my goal is to take over MingNow that I have united Japan,my goal is to take over MingChina and then India!China and then India!WWhhoo d dooeess H Hidideeyyoosshhi ia attttaacckk i nin o orrddeerr t too g geett t too M Miningg C Chhininaa??Hideyoshi wanted to attack China not only because of his vast ego, but also to maintaincontrol of the Daimyo. His rule was based on the sharing of spoils, especially land,among the powerful samurai lords that comprised Hideyoshi's power base. By 1592, landwas a scarce commodity in Japan, and Hideyoshi needed to assault his neighbors inHideyoshi wanted to attack China not only because of his vast ego, but also to maintaincontrol of the Daimyo. His rule was based on the sharing of spoils, especially land,among the powerful samurai lords that comprised Hideyoshi's power base. By 1592, landwas a scarce commodity in Japan, and Hideyoshi needed to assault his neighbors inorder to appease his supporters.order to appease his supporters. 4. The Imjin WarThe Imjin War1592-15981592-1598Japans Ashiguru army hadsuperior numbers, training,Japans Ashiguru army hadsuperior numbers, training,The Joseon King fled to the North andand utilized muskets! The Joseon King fled to the North andand utilized muskets!all hope seemed to be lost!all hope seemed to be lost!Korean officials did not believe that Japan would invade and refused to giveHideyoshis army access to China. The peaceful Joseon Dynasty was notprepared for Japans invasion of 160,000 troops and the entire peninsula wasKorean officials did not believe that Japan would invade and refused to giveHideyoshis army access to China. The peaceful Joseon Dynasty was notprepared for Japans invasion of 160,000 troops and the entire peninsula wasquickly overtaken in two months.quickly overtaken in two months. 5. The Imjin WarThe Imjin War1592-15981592-1598FunFunFact!Chinese troops were sent todefend Korea but were no moreChinese troops were sent todefend Korea but were no morethan uniformed thugsthan uniformed thugsmasquerading as soldiers. Onemark of military success insixteenth century China was howmany heads soldiers could take inbattle. During the Imjin War,badly led and poorly trainedChinese troops often beheadedinnocent Korean civilians inorder to drive up their headcounts to win favor with Beijing.masquerading as soldiers. Onemark of military success insixteenth century China was howmany heads soldiers could take inbattle. During the Imjin War,badly led and poorly trainedChinese troops often beheadedinnocent Korean civilians inorder to drive up their headcounts to win favor with Beijing. 6. ADMIRALYI SUN-SINA Korean Hero 7. AAddmmiirraall YYii SSuunn-s-siinnNaval Commander who revived Korean Naval Force.Improved weapons and invented Turtle ShipsNaval Commander who revived Korean Naval Force.Improved weapons and invented Turtle ShipsImproved discipline and morale of sailorsHe won all 23 major naval battles he fought.Improved discipline and morale of sailorsHe won all 23 major naval battles he fought.Undefeated!Undefeated!TThhee KKoobbuukkssoonn,, oorr TTuurrttllee SShhiippThe prow is shape of dragons headand cannon balls are fired through it.Turtles back is covered with ironThe prow is shape of dragons headand cannon balls are fired through it.Turtles back is covered with ironspikes.spikes.Arrows and cannon fire can belaunched from every part of ship.Sailors can see enemy but enemy canArrows and cannon fire can belaunched from every part of ship.Sailors can see enemy but enemy cannot see them.not see them.Ship can launch continuous attackShip can launch continuous attack 8. BBaattttllee ooff HHaannssaannddooBattle of HansandoJuly 8th , 1592The Crane WingFormationThe Crane WingFormationYi Sun-sins navy sank47 enemy ships andcaptured 12. Only 14Yi Sun-sins navy sank47 enemy ships andcaptured 12. Only 14ships escaped!ships escaped!This Victory cut Japan offThis Victory cut Japan offfrom their troops inKorea and quickly led tofrom their troops inKorea and quickly led toJapans exit of theJapans exit of thepeninsula!peninsula!Battle of HansandoJuly 8th , 1592Film Clipstart at 1:57 9. MMaajjoorr NNaavvaall BBaattttlleess!! Battle Battle of of MyongnyangMyongnyangSeptember 16th, 1597September 16th, 1597Yi Sun-sin defeated 130Japanese ships with only 13Yi Sun-sin defeated 130Japanese ships with only 13Korean shipsKorean ships Forced Japanese into small Forced Japanese into smallMyongnyang channel Spotted dead body ofJapanese General andMyongnyang channel Spotted dead body ofJapanese General anddisplayed it from top of mast.When tide changed, Japaneseships tried to flee but becametangled in iron ropes placed indisplayed it from top of mast.When tide changed, Japaneseships tried to flee but becametangled in iron ropes placed inwater by Yi.water by Yi. 31 Japanese ships sank, 90damaged no Korean ships 31 Japanese ships sank, 90damaged no Korean shipswere lost.were lost.He who seeks death willlive, and he who seeks lifeHe who seeks death willlive, and he who seeks lifewill die!will die!Yi Sun-sin died at the Battleof Noryang when he was hitby a stray bullet. As he laywounded he said, The battleis at its height, tell no one ofmy death. This was the lastbattle of the Imjin War. 10. RReessuullttss ooff IImmjjiinn WWaarrToyotomi HideyoshiTokugawa IeyasuDied in 1598,Died in 1598,essentially ending thewar. The Japaneseessentially ending thewar. The Japanesedid not occupyKorea but the warleft them in ruins.did not occupyKorea but the warleft them in ruins.Tokugawa took over power and focused onconsolidating power in Japan. However, Japanbenefitted from the Korean scholars, craftsmen,medicine makers, gold smelters, potters, andprinters that were taken as captives.The war reaffirmed theMing's status as thesupreme military powerin East Asia andaffirmed Chinesewillingness to aid in theprotection of itstributary/suzerainstates. However, costsleft them vulnerable toManchus. 11. TThhee TTookkuuggaawwaa SShhoogguunnaattee Feudal regime of Japan established byTokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of Feudal regime of Japan established byTokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns ofthe Tokugawa family.the Tokugawa family. This period is known as the Edo period andgets its name from the capital city, Edo, which This period is known as the Edo period andgets its name from the capital city, Edo, whichis now called Tokyo.is now called Tokyo. The Tokugawa Shogunate ruled from Edo The Tokugawa Shogunate ruled from EdoCastle from 1600 until 1868Castle from 1600 until 1868 1605 - Ieyasu abdicated his officialposition as shogun and his son,Tokugawa Hidetada, became shogun. The abdication of Ieyasu had no effect onthe practical extent of his powers or hisrule, but it allowed a smooth transition ofpower. Hidetada nevertheless assumed a role asformal head of the bureaucracy (bakufu). 1605 - Ieyasu abdicated his officialposition as shogun and his son,Tokugawa Hidetada, became shogun. The abdication of Ieyasu had no effect onthe practical extent of his powers or hisrule, but it allowed a smooth transition ofpower. Hidetada nevertheless assumed a role asformal head of the bureaucracy (bakufu). 12. JJaappaanneessee CCaassttlleessOta Dokan built this castle in 1432-1486Tokugawa Ieyasu used this castle as his first stronghold and began programs to build more.He charged the Daimyo with construction projects, delegating them responsibility overcertain areasof the construction. Needed Shoguns approval to build castles.As a result, the Daimyo competed with one another and tried to seek the approval of theShogun.Ota Dokan built this castle in 1432-1486Tokugawa Ieyasu used this castle as his first stronghold and began programs to build more.He charged the Daimyo with construction projects, delegating them responsibility overcertain areasof the construction. Needed Shoguns approval to build castles.As a result, the Daimyo competed with one another and tried to seek the approval of theShogun. 13. AAlltteerrnnaattee AAtttteennddaanncceeSankin ktai ("alternate attendance") was a policy of the Tokugawa Shogunate. Therequirement was that the Daimyo move periodically between Edo and his han (land),typically spending alternate years in each place.His wife and heir were required to remain in Edo as hostages.The purpose was to control the daimyo.The expenditures necessary to maintain lavish residences in both places, and for theprocession to and from Edo, placed financial strains on the daimyo making themunable to wage war. 14. Europeans BBrriinngg CChhrriissttiiaanniittyy aanndd GGuunnssJapan Francis Xavier, Jesuit PriestShimabara RebellionPortuguesetraders arrived in1543Jesuit Priestsbegan to spreadChristianity in1549Spanish conquestof the Philippinestook place in 1521 ThreatenedIn the wake of a new castle at Shimabara, taxes were drastically raised, which provoked angerfrom local peasants and lordless samurai.Religious persecution against Christians led to open revolt in 1637.The Tokugawa Shogunate sent a force of over 125,000 troops to suppress the rebellion, and aftera lengthy siege against the rebels at Hara Castle, defeated them.Results: rebel leader Amakusa Shiro was beheaded, persecution of Christianity became strictlyenforced.Portuguesetraders arrived in1543Jesuit Priestsbegan to spreadChristianity in1549Spanish conquestof the Philippinestook place in 1521 ThreatenedJapan 15. CClloosseedd CCoouunnttrryy EEddiicctt -- 11664499Closed country edict Tokugawa closedJapan from foreign contact.Government highly regulated and limited tradeAllowed the Dutch, Chinese, and Korea limitedtrade.1603-1869Relied on Feudal system Shogunappointed and controlled Daimyo. Appointed Samurai to serve theDaimyo.Maintained a secret police called theMetsuke.Limited Japanese travel and bannedWestern books.Created an education system thatpromoted Japanese identity. 16. EEccoonnoommiicc AAccccoommpplliisshhmmeennttssAggressive public works including land reclamation, new canals and clean water supplyAggressive public works including land reclamation, new canals and clean water supplysystems - Urbanizationsystems - UrbanizationDevelopment of transportation and the existence of nationally unified marketsDevelopment of transportation and the existence of nationally unified marketsThe rise of commerce, finance and the wealthy merchant classThe rise of manufacturing (food processing, handicraft, etc)The rise of commerce, finance and the wealthy merchant classThe rise of manufacturing (food processing, handicraft, etc)As shown in the picture above, the merchantswould walk around looking for travelers andAs shown in the picture above, the merchantswould walk around looking for travelers andvillagers to sell to and trade with.villagers to sell to and trade with.Urbanization developed in cities like NagasakiUrbanization developed in cities like Nagasakiand Edo, modern day Tokyo.and Edo, modern day Tokyo. 17. Major Achievements:Japanese novels, Haiku Poetry, Kabuki theater, literature, art, castles, block printers.Womens rights restricted: lacked education, arranged marriage, could not own propertyIsolation Japanese culture thrived:Isolation Japanese culture thrived:OOlldd PPoonndd..AA FFrroogg JJuummppss..SSoouunndd ooff WWaatteerr..OOlldd PPoonndd..AA FFrroogg JJuummppss..SSoouunndd ooff WWaatteerr..-- BBaasho-- BBaasho Buddhism &amp; Shintoism Unique Japanese Art forms - Scrolls, wood-block painting Buddhism &amp; Shintoism Unique Japanese Art forms - Scrolls, wood-block paintingJapan had its own Renaissancebut strictly for Japanese consumption!Japan had its own Renaissancebut strictly for Japanese consumption! 18. Some Dutch Learning Anatomy, Medical Science, Botany, AstronomyWhy did the Japanese allow some Why did the Japanese allow some t trraaddee w witithh t thhee D Duuttcchh?? </p>