James Cook

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Hanuman's history fair presentation, 2011


<ul><li> 1. James Cook:Exploratory Voyages</li></ul> <p> 2. The Three Voyages 1768-71 Voyage to observe the transit of Venus across the sky. Red 1772-75 Voyage to discover the mythological Terra Australis. (thesouthern continent) Green 1776-79 Voyage to land on Hawaii and explore the (northwestpassage) As well as his death in Hawaii. Blue 3. stThe 1 Voyage Cooks first Voyage wasto observe the transit ofVenus across the sky, inorder to measure thedistance from the Sun to theEarth. While themeasurements he obtainedin Tahiti were not usefulenough for measuring thedistance, it still was usefulbecause Cook and thenaturalists with himexplored islands such asNew Zealand, Australia,and Tahiti.. 4. nd The 2 Voyage Cooks Second voyagewas to find the mythologicalTerra Australis. While muchevidence disproved theexistence of an 8th Continentbelow Australia and yet aboveAntarctica, the notion was socompelling and popular thatthe Royal British Navy sentCook on an expedition. Ofcourse, Cooks voyagedisproved the existence of thecontinent; but it allowed himto map the island of Georgia. 5. rdThe 3 VoyageCooks third and final voyagewas to explore the fablednorthwest strait, a route thatcould bring goods from oneside of the world to the otherwithout rounding Cape Horn.After exploring in the Arctic,Cook turned around andlanded in Hawaii. .On 14February at Kealakekua Bay,some Hawaiians took one ofCooks small boats. Normally,as thefts were quite commonin Tahiti and the other islands,Cook would have takenhostages until the stolenarticles were returned. Insteadhe tried to retrieve the boats.In the resulting fight Cookwas hit in the head, and thenstabbed to death. Four of themarines accompanying himwere likewise killed. 6. The Ships The Endeavour,Formerly The Earl ofPembroke, was used byCook in the 1st and 3rdvoyages. Top The HMS Resolutionwas used by cook in hissecond voyage. Bottom The ships are featuredin pictures on the first 2voyage slides 7. The Black Glove Most people do not know thatJames Cook always wore a blackglove over his right hand becauseof scars on the hand which weredue to an explosion off the coastof Quebec. 8. The QuartermasterOn Cooks third voyage, in themiddle of the Bering strait, thequartermaster lowered the anchor, buthis ponytail snagged on the anchorsrope and he was pulled under the icywater. 9. The Aborigines New Zealand : The Aborigines of New Zealand (TheMaori) were very friendly. At least they were friendlyenough to come on the ship, and trade fish and othersuch items with Cook and his men. Australia: The Aborigines in Australia were veryhostile. In the beginning they just tried to watcheverything the crew did from the bushes but later thebecame hostile, and threw stones. Hawaii:At first the islanders thought the newcomerswere gods, but when they inevitably figured out theywerent, they became angry. 10. ScurvyIt was captain Cook and his crew that originally discovered the cure for scurvy Vitamin C.Cook discovered this in New Zealand when some of his men with scurvy ate meadow cress, celery and other vegetables, and were cured of scurvy. 11. LegacyMany modern scholarshave a desire to turn CaptainCook into some type ofmarauding invader that justsailed around and killedpeople. This is not really true.Despite the turbulent times inwhich he lived, Captain Cookwas a very happy, religiousman. He was known as anuncommonly kind and justleader to his men. When not atsea James Cook lived on theeast side of London with hiswife and six children. I am hisdescendent on my fathersside, so I have a specialappreciation for him. 12. ConclusionCaptain James Cook was a great explorer,and without him Western civilization wouldnot have found out many important facts untilmuch later.He served his country well, and despite hisuntimely death, his legacy lives on. </p>