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  • 1. Jackson Common Man President? Old Hickory Background A Democratic Autocrat An Urbane savage, An atrocious Saint Self made man, slave holder, Indian oppressor

2. Common Man Extraordinary ordinary Man? He became a symbol of the emerging working class and middle class Born in a log cabin Lived in a mansion Slave-owner Never lost his rough manner No college degree 3. Was he an egalitarian? Equal rights for African Americans, Indians, women? He was a frontier aristocrat and most who served with him were wealthyso what was the difference? 4. Talents and energies What was their goal? What/who did he hate? Who did he champion? A frugal Jeffersonianinterpreted the constitution narrowlyvetoed more bills than the total of the preceding presidents Maysville Road 5. Kitchen Cabinet Peggy Eaton Affair 6. Jacksonian Democracy It is debatable whether Jackson was a major molder the events of the era, or whether he took advantage of the democratic fever of the times, or just a symbol of the times, but his name is linked to the time. 7. The Rise of Mass Politics What did his inauguration look like? King Mob The Expanding ElectorateWhat does democracy expanding look like? 8. 1824-1840 Politics moved from the wealthy homes to the lower and middle classes. 1824-350,000 votes cast for President 1840-over 2.4 million Why? 9. Reasons for Voter Participation New state suffrage laws- Changes in Political parties-- Caucus to Party Conventions (Was power really transferred to the people?) Campaign methods Improved education Increase in newspaper circulation 10. Dorr Rebellion in RI. Who was not voting regardless of all this expanding? 11. The Legitimatization of Party With the growth of an electorate and a growing interest in politics came the need of a two party systempolitical parties were becoming desirable and even some said essentialWhy? Democrats and Whigs (opposed absolute monarchy) 12. Jacksons theory of Democracy equal protection and equal benefits to all its white male citizens and favor no region or class over another An assault against who? The Spoils System :To the Victor belongs the Spoilsestablished the right of elected officials to appoint their own followers to public office an established feature of American politics today. Rotation of officeholders 13. 3 Major Events in Jacksons Presidency Nullification Crisis The Removal of the Indians The National Bank War 14. Nullification Crisisor a States Jackson--Was he a Unionist/NationalistsRights kind of Man?? Vice President John C. Calhoun Theory of Nullification-since the federal government was the creation of the states, the states themselves had the final say in a law and its constitutionality (what does this sound like?) Published anonymously entitled The South Carolina Exposition and Protest 15. Tariff of Abomination 1828 Promoted sectional differences Daniel Webster (Mass.) debated Robert Hayne (S.C.) on states rights and the nature of the federal Union under the constitutionwas the Constitution a compact between states or between the people of the US. If it was a compact made by the states, then each state had the right to interpret it.. 16. Our Federal Union-It must be preserved Jackson The Union-next to our liberty most dear Calhoun 17. South Carolina turned up the war of words by declaring the state would nullify the tariff and threatened to secede from the Union if the government tried to collect duties. Jackson insisted this was treason Henry Clay resolves the issue with the Compromise Tariff of 1833 Force Bill Bloody BillPresident could use military to collect federal tariffs 18. The Removal of the Indians Attitudes went from noble savages to simply savages-uncivilized and uncivilizable Five Civilized Tribes 19. Indian Removal Act 1830-appropreated money to finance federal negotiations with the Indians aimed at relocating them to the West. Many tribes were too weak to resist pressure and ceded their land over. Not the Cherokees 20. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia 1831-not a nation therefore cannot sue in Court Worcester v. Georgia 1832-Georgia cannot force the Native Americans to move west. John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce itJackson 21. Trails of Tears 22. Alternatives to the removal of the Indians-- 23. Jackson and the Bank War Bank of the United States: Privately owned, received federal deposits, controlled loans made by state banks and determined the interest rates President of the Bank-Nicholas Biddle represented everything Jackson hated. 24. Jackson vetoed the new charter of the bank in 1832 Bank Unconstitutional? Removed the funds and put them into Pet Banks 25. Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge 1837 The first court decision that found in favor of the state in challenges that invoked the Contract Clause of the Constitution. This was a sign of the court's shift away from the Marshall Court's nationalism towards state's rights. It fought against the unfairness of implied contracts that would impede economic progress 26. If Jackson was consistent on anything, it was his consistency on expanding economic opportunities. 27. The Changing Face of American Politics WhigsUnited in opposition of Jacksons policies, committed to Clays American System, and believed in active intervention by the government to change society 28. Martin Van Buren-The Panic of 1837 The Killing of the Bank Specie Circular Speculation of Western Land 29. The Log Cabin Campaign of 1840 Whigs: William Henry Harrison and John Tyler Presented themselves as the party of the common people, slogans Tippee Canoe and Tyler too- Get the Ball Rolling Democrats: Martin Van Ruin 30. President John Tyler A man with no party