j ā nis & rainers, latvia. what are rainforests? tropical rainforests are characterized in two...
Post on 01-Apr-2015
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J nis & Rainers, Latvia Slide 2 WHAT ARE RAINFORESTS? Tropical rainforests are characterized in two words: warm and wet. Tropical rainforests are forests with tall trees, warm climates, and lots of rain. In some rainforests it rains more than one inch nearly every day of the year! Slide 3 Rainforests are found in the tropics, just above and below the Equator. In this tropic zone the sun is very strong and shines about the same amount of time every day all year long, keeping the climate warm and relatively stable. Slide 4 Forests are more than 65 million years old Rainforests have 170,000 of the worlds 250,000 known plant species. Half of Earth's freshwater is stored in the rain forests Rain forests absorb almost half the rainfall and the phasing it into rivers, lakes, oceans Tropical forests play a crucial role in regulating climate Slide 5 More than half of the world's species of plants and animals are found in the rainforest. Rainforests support a very broad array of fauna, including mammals, reptiles and birds. Slide 6 They generally dont watch TV, use the Internet, or play video games. Kids in the rainforest do many of the same things we probably do. They play with friends, help their families, and go to school. Since rainforest kids live closer to nature than the average Europen child, they learn things that are helpful in the environment around them. From an early age many children learn how to fish, hunt, and collect materials and food from the forest. Slide 7 Rainforests are often called the lungs of the planet for their role in absorbing carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, and producing oxygen. Rainforests: help stabilize the worlds climate; provide a home to many plants and animals; maintain the water cycle protect against flood, drought, and erosion; are a source for medicines and foods; support tribal people; are an interesting place to visit; Slide 8 HOW CAN WE SAVE RAINFORESTS? Teach others about the importance of the environment and how they can help save rainforests. Restore damaged ecosystems by planting trees on land where forests have been cut down. Encourage people to live in a way that doesn't hurt the environment Establish parks to protect rainforests and wildlife Support companies that operate in ways that minimize damage to the environment Slide 9 According to World Bank data, since the 1970th till nowadays has destroyed approximately 600 000 km2 of rain forest - it is so large area like France and Portugal together. While the international independent organiza tion "Greenpeace" estimate that annually destroys approximately 25,000 to 30,000 km 2, which is half of the territory of Latvia. At present rates, tropical rainforests would be logged out in 10 years Slide 10 Another factor causing the loss of rainforest is expanding urban areas. We are cutting down rainforests for many reasons: wood for both timber and making fires; agriculture for both small and large farms; land for poor farmers who dont have anywhere else to live; grazing land for cattle; pulp for making paper; road construction; extraction of minerals and energy. Rainforests are also threatened by climate Slide 11 Teach others about the importance of the environment and how they can help save rainforests. Restore damaged ecosystems by planting trees on land where forests have been cut down. Encourage people to live in a way that doesn't hurt the environment Establish parks to protect rainforests and wildlife Support companies that operate in ways that minimize damage to the environment Slide 12 THANK YOU! Paldies! B Teekkr ederim mulumesc Ai Dank u KSZNM !