Italian Unification Chapter 23

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Italian Unification Chapter 23. Background. The Long Century 1789-1914 French Revolution/Napoleon (1789-1815) Age of Metternich (1815-1848) Age of Realpolitik (1848-1871) 2 nd French Empire Italian/German Unification Crimean War Issues in Austria, Britain, and Russia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Italian Unification Chapter 23

Italian UnificationChapter 23

1BackgroundThe Long Century 1789-1914French Revolution/Napoleon (1789-1815)Age of Metternich (1815-1848)Age of Realpolitik (1848-1871)2nd French EmpireItalian/German UnificationCrimean WarIssues in Austria, Britain, and RussiaAge of Mass Politics (1871-1914)Nationalism played a large role in Eur post 1850

2BackgroundItaly still fragmented in the 19th CAustria, France, the papacy, and Italian nationalists compete for control of the peninsulaGiuseppe Mazzinis romantic nationalism failed to unite Italy in 1848.Failure of 1848 showed that left-wing romantic nationalism could not win revolutions aloneAge of Realpolitik Achieving goals through practical means, not idealistic means will help the liberal goals of 1848 be attained. Political goals were achieved in a Machiavellian fashion3Step 1 Carbonari Insurrections

4Giuseppe Mazzini The Heart

A Country is not a mere territory; the particular territory is only its foundation. The Country is the idea which rises upon that foundation; it is the sentiment of love, the sense of fellowship which binds together all the sons of that territory.

Insurrection by means of guerrilla bands is the true method of warfare for all nations desirous of emancipating themselves from a foreign yoke.

5Camillo di Cavour The HeadCamilo di Cavour moderate nationalist. Political liberalPrime Minister of Sardinia-Piedmont.Parliamentary system of govt, elections, civil liberties, wanted to decrease influence of RCCSought to unite northern Italy/central Italy6Camillo di Cavour The Head

7Cavour The HeadSTEP 2 - Allied w/ FR and GB during Crimean War What does he get in return?STEP 3 - Convinced FR to help uniting Northern Italy.STEP 4 - 1859 Sardinia-Piedmont annexed Lombardy after war w/ Austria1860 Annexed other northern/central Italian states.France received Nice and Savoy in return for support of Cavour8Giuseppe Garibaldi The SwordSTEP 5 - Garibaldi and his Red Shirts liberated southern Italy and Sicily and united with Sardinia-PiedmontWas a romantic nationalist.1861 Victor Emmanuel named King of ItalySTEP 6 - 1866 Alliance w/ German Chancellor, Otto von Bismarck, led to annexation of Venetia.STEP 7 1871 Rome united w/ Italy after FR loses war w/ Prussia. FR withdrew from Rome.

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Political cartoon titled Right leg in the boot at last shows Garibaldi putting the boot of Italy on King Victor Emmanuel

10Giuseppe Garibaldi - The Sword

Why do you suppose Garibaldi ceded southern Italy to Victor Emmanuel?

11Father of the FatherlandVictor Emmanuel

Monument to Victor Emmanuel

12DID YOU KNOW?

The Margherita pizza was named for Queen Margherita of Italy in the late 19th century. The red sauce, green basil, and white cheese match the Italian flag.

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