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    ISO STANDARDS

    AND

    BUREAU OF INDIAN

    STANDARDS

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    INTRODUCTION

    ISO (International Organization forStandardization) is the world's largest

    developer and publisher ofInternational

    Standards.

    ISO is a network of the national standards

    institutes of159 countries, one member per

    country, with a Central Secretariat in Geneva,

    Switzerland, that coordinates the system.

    "ISO", derived from the Greek isos, meaning

    "equal". For all countries.

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    Standards ensure desirable characteristics of productsand services such as quality, environmental

    friendliness, safety, reliability, efficiency and

    interchangeability - and at an economical cost.

    When products, systems, machinery and devices work

    well and safely, it is often because they meet

    standards. And the organization responsible for many

    thousands of the standards which benefit the world is

    ISO.

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    WHEN STANDARDS ARE ABSENT, WE SOON NOTICE.

    WHAT STANDARDS DO ; ISO STANDARDS:

    Make the development, manufacturing and

    supply of products and services more efficient,

    safer and cleaner

    Facilitate trade between countries and make it

    fairer

    Provide governments with a technical base forhealth, safety and environmental legislation, and

    conformity assessment

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    Share technological advances and good

    management practice

    Disseminate innovation

    Safeguard consumers, and users in general, of

    products and services

    Make life simpler by providing solutions to

    common problems

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    ISO STANDARDS PROVIDE TECHNOLOGICAL,

    ECONOMIC AND SOCIETAL BENEFITS.

    For businesses, the widespread adoption ofInternational Standards means that supplierscan develop and offer products and servicesmeeting specifications that have wideinternational acceptance in their sectors.

    Therefore, businesses using InternationalStandards can compete on many more marketsaround the world.

    For innovators of new technologies, International

    Standards on aspects like terminology,compatibility and safety speed up thedissemination of innovations and theirdevelopment into manufacturable andmarketable products.

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    For customers, the worldwide compatibility oftechnology which is achieved when products andservices are based on International Standards givesthem a broad choice of offers. They also benefit fromthe effects of competition among suppliers.

    For governments, International Standards provide

    the technological and scientific bases underpinninghealth, safety and environmental legislation.

    For trade officials, International Standards create "alevel playing field" for all competitors on those

    markets. The existence of divergent national orregional standards can create technical barriers totrade. International Standards are the technicalmeans by which political trade agreements can beput into practice.

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    For developing countries, International Standardsthat represent an international consensus on the stateof the art are an important source of technologicalknow-how. By defining the characteristics thatproducts and services will be expected to meet onexport markets, International Standards givedeveloping countries a basis for making the rightdecisions when investing their scarce resources andthus avoid squandering them.

    For consumers, conformity of products and services toInternational Standards provides assurance about

    their quality, safety and reliability.

    For everyone, International Standards contribute tothe quality of life in general by ensuring that thetransport, machinery and tools we use are safe.

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    For the planet we inhabit, International

    Standards on air, water and soil quality, onemissions of gases and radiation and

    environmental aspects of products can contribute

    to efforts to preserve the environment.

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    EXAMPLES OF THE BENEFITS STANDARDS

    PROVIDE

    Standardization of screw threads helps to keepchairs, children's bicycles and aircraft together

    and solves the repair and maintenance problems

    caused by a lack of standardization that were

    once a major headache for manufacturers and

    product users.

    Standards establishing an international

    consensus on terminology make technology

    transfer easier and safer. They are an important

    stage in the advancement of new technologies

    and dissemination of innovation.

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    Without the standardized dimensions of freight

    containers, international trade would be slowerand more expensive.

    Without the standardization of telephone and

    banking cards, life would be more complicated.

    A lack of standardization may even affect the

    quality of life itself: for the disabled, for example,

    when they are barred access to consumer

    products, public transport and buildings becausethe dimensions of wheel-chairs and entrances are

    not standardized.

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    Standardized symbols provide danger warnings

    and information across linguistic frontiers.

    Consensus on grades of various materials gives a

    common reference for suppliers and clients in

    business dealings.

    Agreement on a sufficient number of variations of

    a product to meet most current applications

    allows economies of scale with cost benefits for

    both producers and consumers. An example is thestandardization of paper sizes.

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    Standardization of performance or safety

    requirements of diverse equipment makes surethat users' needs are met while allowing

    individual manufacturers the freedom to design

    their own solution on how to meet those needs.

    Standardized computer protocols allow products

    from different vendors to "talk" to each other.

    Standardized documents speed up the transit of

    goods, or identify sensitive or dangerous cargoesthat may be handled by people speaking different

    languages.

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    Standardization of connections and interfaces of all

    types ensures the compatibility of equipment of

    diverse origins and the interoperability of different

    technologies.

    Agreement on test methods allows meaningful

    comparisons of products, or plays an important partin controlling pollution - whether by noise, vibration

    or emissions.

    Safety standards for machinery protect people atwork, at play, at the dentist's.

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    WHAT'S DIFFERENT ABOUT ISO 9001AND

    ISO 14001

    The vast majority of ISO standards are highly specific

    to a particular product, material, or process. However,

    ISO 9001 (quality) and ISO 14001 (environment) are

    "generic management system standards".

    "Generic" means that the same standard can beapplied to any organization, large or small, whatever

    its product or service, in any sector of activity, and

    whether it is a business enterprise, a public

    administration, or a government department. ISO9001 contains a generic set of requirements for

    implementing a quality management system and ISO

    14001 for an environmental management system.

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    Bureau of Indian Standards

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    1. BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS

    The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the National

    Standards Body of India, is a statutory body set up

    under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986. The

    Bureau is a body corporate and responsible for

    formulating National Standards.

    It comprises of members representing the Industry,

    Consumer Organizations, Scientific & Research

    Institutes and Professional Bodies, Technical

    Institutions, Central ministries, State

    Governments and Members of Parliament.

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    2. STANDARDS FORMULATION

    Indian Standards are formulated keeping in view

    national priorities, programmes for industrial

    development, technological needs, export

    promotion, consumer welfare, health, safety, etc.

    So far over 17000 standards have been

    formulated in different technology areas.

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    3. CERTIFICATION

    3.1 Product Certification - The product

    certification scheme is basically voluntary in

    nature and aims at providing quality, safety and

    dependability to the ultimate customer.

    Conformity is ensured by regular surveillance

    visits of the units Performance of licensee is

    monitored by surprise inspections and testing of

    samples, drawn both from the factory and themarket.

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    3.2 ECO MARK

    The Government of India had instituted a scheme in February1991 known as ECO mark Scheme for labeling environment

    friendly products. This scheme is administered by the Bureau ofIndian Standards.

    3.3 QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS CERTIFICATION(ISO 9000)

    BIS is a national agency authorized to operate Quality Systems

    Certification in India. It has adopted ISO 9000 series of standardsas IS 9000 series Indian Standards, and aligned the procedure foroperation of Quality Systems Certification, based on internationalcriteria and is comparable to any other such systems beingoperated.

    3.4EMS Certification With the growing concern for environment friendly industrial

    activity, ISO 14000 series of standards have been developed. BIS,after adoption of these standards as national standards, haslaunched EnvironmentManagement System (EMS) Certification(IS / ISO : 14001).

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    3.5HACCP Certification

    o BIS launched HACCP (Hazard Analysis CriticalControl Points) based Quality System

    Certification Scheme as per the requirements of

    IS 15000 : 1998 standard (equivalent to Codex

    ALINORM

    97 / 13

    A).

    3.6 HALLMARKING OF GOLD JEWELLERY

    o In order to protect consumers against

    victimization of irregular gold

    quality.Hallmarking of gold jewellery waslaunched under BIS Act, 1986. This scheme is

    voluntary in nature.

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    4. LABORATORY TESTING, CALIBRATION

    AND MANAGEMENT

    5. STANDARDS PROMOTION

    6. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

    7. NATIONAL TRAINING INSTITUTE

    8. BIS AND CONSUMERS