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International Sociological Association - Association Internationale de SociologieSecretariat: Pinar 25, 28006 Madrid, Spain
Phone (34-1) 261 74 83, (34-1) 261 74 85
bulletinisa 44SUlNler 1987
Staff of the ISA Secretariat in Madrid: Izabela Barlinska, Executive Secretary,and Luis Moreno, Business Manager
INTERNATIONAL SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION - ASSOCIATION INTERNATIONALE DE SOCIOLOGIEPinar 25, 28006 Madrid, Spain
phone: (34-1) 261 74 83, (34-1) 261 74 85
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 1986-1990
PresidentMargaret ArcherDepartment of SociologyUniversity of WarwickCoventry CV4 7ALUnited Kingdom
Vice-President, Research CouncilElse lIlyenHealth & Social Policy StudiesUniverslty of 8ergenFastings Minde5014 Bergen, Norway
Vice-President, Membership andFinance CommitteeWilfried DumonDepartment of SociologyCatholic UniversityE. van Evenstraat 2b3000 LeuvenBelgium
Vice-President, Program andPublications CommitteesArtur MeierInstitute of SociologyHumboldt UniversityHans-Loch-Str. 3491136 Berlin, GDR
Past President 1982-1986Fernando H. CardosoCEBRAP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
MembersSimi A. AfonjaUniversity of Ife, Nigeria
Paolo AmmassariUniversity of Rome, Italy
Daniel BertauxC.N.R.S., Paris, France
Salvador GinerUniversity of Barcelona, Spain
Elizabeth JelinCEDES, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Deniz KandiyotiRichmond College, U.K.
Melvin L. KohnJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimore, USA
T.K. OommenJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew Delhi, India
Gennady V. OsipovInstitut for Sociological ResearchMoscow, USSR
D.M. PestonjeeIndian Institute of ManagementAhmedabad, India
Cline Saint-PierreUniversit du Qubec a MontralCanada
Neil J. SmelserUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeley, USA
Otoyori TaharaTohoku Gakuin UniversitySenda , Japan
Executive SecretaryIzabela Barlinska
Business ManagerLuis Moreno
Research Coordinating CommitteeElse lIlyen,ChairpersonElizabeth Jelin (EC representative)Simi A. Afonja (RC 36)Daniel Bertaux (RC 3B)Deniz Kandiyoti (RC 32)Manfred Kuechler (RC 33)Petar E. Mitev (RC 34)D.M. Pestonjee (RC 35)Neil Smelser (RC 02)
Membership & Finance CommitteeWilfried Dumon, ChairpersonT.K. Oommen, IndiaGennady Osipov, USSRPeter Q. Reinsch, The Netherlands
Publications CommitteeArtur Meier, ChairpersonInternational Sociology:Martin Albrow, EditorJacques Coenen-Huther, SwitzerlandSalvador Giner, SpainLyuben Nickolov, BulgariaCurrent Sociology:James Beckford, EditorMaria Carrilho, PortugalVelichko Dobrianov, BulgariaKurt Jonassohn, CanadaSociological Abstracts:Leo P. Chall, EditorSage Studies in InternationalSociology:Wilfried Dumon, EditorOrlando Fals Borda, ColombiaMarie Haug, USAJan Toschenko, USSRExecutive CommitteeRepresentatives:Melvin L. Kohn, USACline Saint-Pierre, CanadaResearch Coordinating CommitteeRepresentative:D.M. Pestonjee, IndiaObserver:Steven Barr, Sage Publications
Program CommitteeArtur Meier, ChairpersonMembers to be selected
Representatives to ISSC-UNESCODelegates: EIse lIlyen
Jacques DofnyAlternates: Daniel Bertaux
Representative to ICSSID-UNESCOJames Beckford, U.K.
Representatives to UNNew York: EIse lIlyen
Melvin Kohn (alternate)Vienna: Paolo Ammassari
Max Haller (alternate)Geneva: Daniel Bertaux
Representatives to WHOHans Ulrich Deppe, FRGPhilippe Lehmann, Switzerland
The ISA BULLETIN is the official publication of the Secretariat of the International Sociological Association.Editor: Izabela BarlinskaThree issues per year appear in Spring, Summer and Autumn with an average printing of 5000 copies. The ISABULLETIN is distributed free of charge to members of the ISA. Deadlines for submission of items of interest toour members are: Spring issue: January 1, Summer issues: May 15, Autumn issue: October l.
Published by the International Sociological Association under the auspices of the ISSC and with the financialassistance of UNESCO. UNESCO subvention 1986-87/DG/7.6.2/SUB.16(SHS)Printed by Fareso, S.A., Madrid, Spain.Depsitolegal:M. 25.817-1987
NEW INITIATIVES OF THE ISA
YOUNG AUTHORS' MERIT AWARDS
This is a new scheme through which the ISA is tryingto live up to its worldwide task of stimulating thedevelopment of the discipline and providingencouragement for scholars in all regions. It isaimed at the young sociologists those in theirtwenties and thirties - and seeks to bring them intoa supportive international framework which will be ofservice in their future work. Simultaneously ourinternational community will benefit from the earlyinvolvement of these creative scholars and the diver-sity of the cultural contributions they will bring toour invisible college.
Although the final scheme still has to be approved byth Executive Committee, its broad outlines aret g shape and it is useful to communicate theseno so that any constructive suggestions received canbe incorporated into the final plan - members shouldwrite to the Secretariat by January 1st, 1988.
Basically young authors are invited to submit anoriginal, unpublished article of general sociologicalinterest in one of about seven languages. Eachlanguage group will have its own jury evaluatingpapers received, with special provision of extrajuries for those writing in English or French astheir second language.
The authors of every paper considered worthy ofpublication will receive a commendation and be listedin the Bulletin. A limited number of articles ofoutstanding quality will be given merit awards andsent to an overall jury which will select the bestfor presentation at the World Congress. Prizes willinclude ISA membership, publication of papers andtravel assistance to attend the World Congress.
This scheme will run every four years, with thefirst young authors being honoured at the 1990 WorldCongress. Those thinking of participating should keepSummer 1989 in mind as the deadline for submittingtheir papers. Further details will be widelypublicized in 1988 and be available from the5 tariat.
It is crucial to stress at the outset that the ISArecognizes that interests, content, style, approach,and presentation differ from one region to another,determined by the history of sociologicaldevelopment, the specific issues which are criticalin different parts of the world, and the differentialavailability of various kinds of resources.Explicitly then, papers will not be judged by theircloseness or conformity to the statisticalsophistication or extensive referencing which areonly possible to those with access to expensive
CONTENTS:page 1 New Initiatives of the ISA: Young Authors'
Merit Award1 U.N. Peace Messenger Certificate2 News from the Research Committees, Working
Groups and Ad Hoc Groups4 Histories of the Research Committees
- RC 069 - RC 12
12 - RC 1416 Call for Papers, Research Projects
Back cover: Calendar of Future EventsInlay: ISA Publications: Current Sociology,
International Sociology, Sage Studiesin International Sociology, SociologicalAbstracts
technologv and large libraries.The evaluative criteria used will place more
emphasis on the novelty of a view than its groundingin the literature and on a well argued hypothesisrather than on its elaborate quantitative substantia-tion. Variety of content and substance, mirroringregional concerns, and diversity of conceptualizationor literary presentation, reflecting culturaldiversity, are not merely acceptable but desirable.
Universal criteria of good sociology there mustbe, for one community working in and for one world,but these we must disengage from among the regionalcontributions rather than imposing a culturallybiased definition in advance. This search for univer-sals beyond specificities is the most challengingaspect of this project. Although we will be gropingour way forward and probably learning most throughour mistakes, this should be the greatest collectivecontribution of the scheme to what the 'developmentof sociology' really means.
Margaret Archer and Daniel Bertaux
U.N. PEACE MESSENGER CERTIFICATE FOR ISA
Based on the positive experience of the UnitedNations in observing the International Year of Peace(1986), special recognition was given to thoseorganizations and institutions which made significantand concrete contributions to the programme of theYear. The International Sociological Associationtogether with some 300 organizations and institutionshave been selected as honorary "Peace Messengers" andreceived a special Peace Messenger certificate - anexpress ion of appreciation for efforts made in thecontext of the Year. A special Peace Messengerpresentation ceremony took place on 15 September1987.On the below photograph: Jacques Coenen-Huther, ISArepresentative to UN, receives a Peace Messengercertificate from Jan Martenson, Director General ofthe United Nations Office in Geneva, Switzerland.
NEWS FROM THE RESEARCH COMMITTEES, WORKING GROUPS ANOAO HOC GROUPS
RC 04SOCIOLOGY OF EOUCATION
"Education for Learning and Living: Rights of theThird World" is the title of a report on the "HumanRights Violation in Education and Their Causes from aSociological Point of View" submitted to the Oivisionof Human Rights dnd Peace of the United NationsEducational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization incooperation with the International Social ScienceCouncil and the Research Committee on Sociology ofEducation. The Report was prepared by Asoke Basu(USA), M.O.A. Ourojaiye (Nigeria), Jaime GonzalesJoves (Colombia), Cristina Lim-Yuson (Philippines),Alma Cristina Ocampo (Colombia), Noel K. Samaroo(Guyana), S.R. Ubomba-Jaswa (Ghana), Fareeha Zafar(Pek i s t an)
The project was commissioned by the Oivision of HumanRights and Peace of the UNESCO via the InternationalSocial Science Council (ISSC) to the Research Commit-tee. The Report is being considered for publicationby the Oivision of Human Rights and Peace, UNESCO.
Table of Contents of the Report:l. Introduction
"Education for Learning and Living: Rights of theThird World" by Asoke Basu
11. Learning and OevelopmentA. General Approach
Case Study: Nigeria. "Education and Oevelopmentin Nigeria" by M.O.A. OurojaiyeCase Study: Guyana. "The Political Economy ofEducation in Guyana: Implications for HumanRights" by Noel K. Samaroo
B. Practical Neglect: Women, Oevelopment, andEducationCase Study: Pakistan. "Islamization, Oevelopment,and the Role of Women in Pakistan" by FareehaZafarCase Study: Ghana. "Women, Education, and Rightin Ghana" by S.R. Ubomba-Jaswa
111. Living and OevelopmentA. Children and Rights
Case Study: Phi 1 ippines. "Children and HumanRights in the Philippines, an Advocacy for BasicEducation" by Cristina Lim-Yuson
B. Human Values and RightsCase Study: Colombia. "System of Values, HumanRights, and Education in Colombia" by AlmaCristina Ocampo and Jaime Gonzales Joves
RC 05ETHNIC, RACE ANO MINORITY RELATIONS
The following Board officers have been elected forthe period 1986-1990:President: Heribert Adam
Oepartment of SociologySimon Fraser UniversityVancouver V5A 156, Canada
Vice-Presidents:John StoneOepartment of Social Science and AdministrationUniversity of London, Goldsmiths CollegeLondon SE14 6NN, UK
Tove Skutnabb-KangasRoskilde Universitetscenter
Postbox 2604000 Roskilde, Oenmark
Secretary: Chris MullardCenter for Race and Ethnic StudiesPrinsengracht 2271015 OT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Board Members:Edna Bonacich, USALim Teck Ghee, MalaysiaGall Erno, RomaniaChristine Inglis, AustraliaRoza Ismagilova, USSRYngve Georg Lithman, SwedenBen Whitaker, UK
Newsletter Editor: Peter ReinschCenter for Race and Ethnlc StudiesPrinsengracht 2271015 OT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
RC 09SOCIAL PRACTICE ANO SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION
A mail ballot for election of board officers for theperiod 1986-1990 has been completed as follows:President: Peter Park
School of Social SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaIrvine, CA 92717, USA
Vice-President: Ulf HimmelstrandInstitute of SociologyUppsala UniversityBox 513, 751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
Secretary-Treasurer: Michael BodemannOepartment of SociologyUniversity of Toronto563 Spadina Ave., Taranta M5S lAl, Canada
Board Members:Srilata Battiwala (India)Hiroshi Komai (Japan)Orlando Fals-Borda (Colombia)Oelegate to the Research Council:E11en B. H i11 (Switzer1and )
RC 10PARTICIPATION, WORKERS' CONTROL, ANO SELF-MANAGEMENT
The election process has been completed and the newcomposition of the executive board for the periodfrom 1987 to 1991 is as follows:President: Gyorgy Szll
Oepartment of Social SciencesUniversity of OsnabrckPostfach 44694500 Osnabrck, FRG
Vice-President and Treasurer: Chris CornforthCo-operatives Research UnitOpen University, Walton HallMilton Keynes MKl 6AA, UK
Secretary: Ake SandbergArbetsTivscentrumBox 5606114 86 Stockholm, Sweden
RC 27SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT
At the ICSS Board meeting in Finland (August 1987), anew Executive Board for 1988-1992 was confirmed and,as per the ICSS constitution, agreed to divide theexecutive offices as follows:President: Maria Allison
Department of Leisure StudiesD. Gammage Hall, Arizona Sta te UniversityTempe, AZ 85287, USA
Vice-Presidents: Tamasne Foldesi (Hungary) andKalevi Olin (Finland)
General Secretary: Peter Donnellyschool of Physical EducationMcMaster UniversityHamilton, Ontario L8s 4Kl, Canada
Representative to ICssPE: Kari "asting (Norway)Representative to ISA: Urbain Claeys
Institute of sociologyKatholieke Universiteit LeuvenE. Van Evastraat 2C3000 Leuven, Belgium
The IsA Secretariat would like to use thisopportunity to thank Professor Alan G. Ingham, theout-going President, for his cooperation during lasteight years when he ser ved on the ICss ExecutiveBoard first as the ICSS representative to IsA, secondas ICss President.
RC 33LOGIC AND METHODOlOGY IN SOCIOlOGY
Following up the first international conference onmethodology jointly sponsored by RC 33 and the Dutchsociometric society, held in Amsterdam in the Fall1984, another conference crossing disciplinaryboundaries to include all social sciences is plannedfor May 30 - June 3, 1988.Anuska Ferligoj (ljubljana, Yugoslavia) and WillemSaris (Amsterdam, The Netherlands) have taken thelead in organizing this conference which inaddition to RC 33 - is co-sponsored by the Section onMethodology and statistics of the Yugoslavsociological Association, the Research Institute ofthe Faculty of sociology, Political Science andJournalism of the Edvard Kardelj University inLjubljana, and the sociometric Research Foundation,Amsterdam.
The International Organizing Committee consists of:Vladimir Andreyenkov (UssR), Kenneth Bailey (USA),N an Blaikie (Australia), Anuska Ferligoj( slavia), Manfred Kuechler (USA), Karl van Meter(France), Ray Pawson (UKl, Willem Saris (TheNetherlands).The Local Organizing Committee includes: AnuskaFerligoj (Ljubljana), Konstantin Momirovic (Zagreb),Marija Bogdanovic (Belgrade), Cveto Trampuz and NikoTos (ljubljana).
Papers in any of the following areas of socialscience methodology are sought: general methodology,research design, concept analysis, operationalis-ation, data collection techniques, sampling,measurement, scaling, statistical data analysis,statistical software, modelling and simulation.Extended abstracts of 2-3 pages should be submittedto the local organizing committee by December 1,1987: Anuska Ferligoj
Faculty of sociology, Political Science, andJournalismEdvard Kardelj UniversityKardeljeva pl. 5, 61 000 Ljubljana, Yugoslavia
RC 38BIOGRAPHY AND SOCIETY
Resultingin whichBoard offollows:
from the mail ballot held in December 198642 members participated out of 137, the
the Committee for 1986-1990 is composed as
Honorary President: Franco Ferrarotti (ItalylChairperson: Daniel Bertaux
Centre d'Etude des Mouvements Sociaux54 bd Raspail75006 Paris, France
Secretary-Treasurer: Cristine ColpinCentre d'Etude des Mouvements Sociaux54 bd Raspail75006 Paris, France
Board Members:Aspasia Camargo (Brasil)Norman K. Denzin (USA)Wolfram Fischer (FRG)Francs Godard (FrancelFrancesco Hernandez (spainlErika M. Hoerning (FRGlElizabeth Jeln (Argentina)Martn Kohl (FRGlMaria l. Macioti (ItalylFrancesco Mercade (spainlRgine Robin-Maire (CanadalJ.P. Roos (FinlandlPaul Thompson (UKl
RC 39SOCIOlOGY OF DISASTERS
A recent volume produced under the auspices of theCommittee is now available: socology of Disasters:Contributons of sociology to Disaster Research.Editors: R. Dynes, B. De Marchi and C. Pelanda.Published by Franco Angeli, Italy, 1987. (457 pages).
Table of ContentNeil Britton: Toward a reconceptualization of
disaster for the enchancement of social preparationDennis Mileti: sociological methods aod disasterRussell Dynes: The concept of role in disaster
researchJoanne Nigg: Communication and behavior. Organiza-
tional and individual response to warningBruna De Marchi and Daniele Ungaro: A
sociosystemic model for information management inmass emergencies
Ronald Perry: Disaster preparedness and responseamong minority citizens
Ritsuo Akimoto: Disaster and urban communityCharles Faupel: Human ecology: contributions to
research and policy formationDennis Wenger: Collective behavior and disaster
researchRobert stallings: OrganizationaJ change and the
sociology of disasterThomas Drabek: Emergent structuresFrederic Bates and Walter Peacock: Disasters and
social changeWolf Dombrowsky: Critical theory in sociologcal
disaster researchGary Kreps: Classical themes, structural
sociology, and disaster resear~hE.L. Quarantelli: A concluding commentary
WGSOCIOlOGY OF AGRICUlTURE
First sessions on sociology of agriculture organizedby the Group within the IsA framework, were at the XWorld Congress of Soclology in Mexico, August 1982.
In July 1984, the Group was granted by the IsAExecutive Committee the official status of Ad HocGroup on sociology of Agriculture / sociologe de1 'Agriculture. Larry Busch (University of Kentucky,USAl was nominated acting chairman of the groupduring the preliminary meeting in Mexico (1982). Herequested that Alessandro 80nanno (University of
Kentucky, USA) act as pro-tempore secretary until thenext world congress (1986).
In 1986 the Ad Hoc Group on Sociology ofAgriculture was promoted to a Working Group.
During the New Delhi Congress (August, 1986)candidates for various offices were nominated andmembers were asked to vote for the president, thesecretary and three additional members. Thepresident, the secretary and three members will formthe Council. We have just been informed that LarryBusch (Department of Sociology, University ofKentucky, USA) and Alessandro 80nanno (Department ofRural Sociology, University of Missouri, Columbia,USA) have been elected President and Secretary,respectively.
Pub 1icat ionsAt the request of the editor, a proposal for aspecial issue of the Revue Internationale deSociologie on the "Cultural, Sturctural, andTechnological Changes in World Agriculture" has beensubmitted. This special issue will canta in fivepapers each written by a scholar from a differentpart of the world. The issue will be edited byLawrence Busch of the University of Kentucky for theWorking Group.
Since November 1984 the Group has been producing aNewsletter circulated to all its members, ca. 70scholars representing all areas of the world.
Future meetingThe Group will held four sessions at the WorldCongress of Rural Sociology in Bologna (Italy), July1988. All colleagues interested in participating inthe Congress should send the title and abstract oftheir paper by October 10, 1987 to:Alessandro BonannoDepartment of Rural SociologyU"iversity of MissouriColumbia. Missouri 65211, USA
WGSOCIOLOGY OF MENTAL HEALTH
From the Report of Activities submitted by Harsha N.Mookherjee
In August 1986 at the XI World Congress of Sociology(New Delhi, India) by the decision of the ExcutiveCommittee, the Research Committee on Sociology ofMental Health has been demoted to Working Groupstatus, due to the continued inactivity of thisgroup.At a meeting of this Working Group on August 21,1986, the new board was elected, consisting of twopersons who were willing to develop activities so asto regain a research committee status. They are:Chairperson: Ad H. van der Zwaan
Department of Philosophy and Social SciencesUniversity of Technology, Postbus 5135600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Secretary-Treasurer: Harsha N. MookherjeeDepartment of SociologyTennessee Technological UniversityCookeville, TN 3B505, USA
Future meetingsMembers of the Group were invited to participate inan interdisciplinary session on "The Impact ofAdvancing Science and Technology on Human Rights withSpecial Reference to Mental Health" organized at theWorld Congress of the World Federation of MentalHealth, scheduled for October 1987 in Cairo, Egypt.
A mid-term conference on Sociology of Mental Healthis planned for 1988. The venue, dates, and theme to
Membership duesUS $12 for the period 1987-1990 to be paid to theSecretary-Treasurer.Exemption of dues can be granted to the members fromcountries with restricted currency exchange. Pleasecontact the Chairperson or the Secretary-Treasurer.
AD HOC GROUPSOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH
Since 1970 members of the Group participated invarious sessions held at the consequtive WorldCongresses of Sociology. At the X World Congress ofSociology (Mexico 1982) Rudolf Andorka (University ofEconomics, Budapest, Hungary), acted as the organizerand chairman of the Symposium "Social Indicators:Their Role in Social Development". This was acontinuation of the work initiated at the similarsymposium held at the IX World Congress (Upp a1978), organized by Erik Allardt and Gennady Osip ~
At the XI World Congress of Sociology (New Delhi1986) the Group had five sessions:Session 1: Social Reporting on Different Levels:Regional, Special Problem Areas, National andInternationalSession 2: Social Indicators in Asia, Africa andAustraliaSession 3: Social Surveys as Sources of SocialIndicatorsSession 4: Social Indicator SystemsSession 5: Quality of Life Measurement
Plans are being made for a conference to be held inBudapest (Hungary) in late August 1988. For furtherinformation, contact Alex C. Michalos, University ofGuelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1.
A scholarly journal Social Indicators Research editedby A.C. Michalos, has been issued since 1974, and haspublished 2 volumes ayear for the past 4 years andis going to regular publication 6 times a year in1988. It began as a quarterly, but the supply of goodmanuscripts has warranted an expansion of its outPrice: $ 37,50. Orders accompanied with a ch 2payable to the Instituto Di Sociologia Internazionaleshould be directed to Bruna De Marchi, Institute ofInternational Sociology, Mass Emergencies Program,Via Malta 2, 34170 Gorizia, Italy.
HISTORIES OF THE RESEARCH COMMITTEES
(Continued, see Bulletin 27, 29-33, 36, 40)Prepared by Kurt Jonassohn and Sergio Contreras
HISTORY OF RC 06FAMILY RESEARCH
ORIGINSA group of independent persons interested in familysociology began in 1954 a seminar to encouragesociologists to do cross-national studies on thefamily. Led by Nels Anderson (then Director of theUNESCO Institute of Social Sciences in Cologne, FRG)it attracted to its meetings scholars from Easternand Western Europe and from the USA. Since 1985 theyheld one meeting yearly, and three volumes of reportswere published until 1959. These seminars took placein Cologne (FRG) 1954, Sevres (France) 1955, Cologne
(FRGl 1956, Wageningen (The Netherlandsl 1957, andMadrid (Spainl 1958.
Nels Anderson was in charge of the secretariat ofthe Seminar until the UNESCO Institute finished itswork in 1958-59. Reuben Hi 11 and John Mogeypetitioned the ISA at the Congre5~ held in Stressa(Italyl in 1959, to recognize this group as its Sub-Committee on Family Research.
EXECUTIVE ANO MEMBERSThe first president of the Sub-Committee was ReubenHill (USAl. Other members of the group were: E.G.Arboleya (Spainl, G. Baumert (FRGl who would besecretary of the Sub-Committee until his death in1963, V. 80nac (Yugoslavial, H. Christensen (USAl, G.Karlsson (Swedenl, J. Mogey (USAl and L. Rosenmayr(Austrial.
In 1962, the year of the Vth World Congress of Socio-logy held in Washington, the Committee experienced afirst stage of growth. That year the Committee had 20members coming from 15 countries: USA (4l, France( GDR (2l, Austria (ll, Belgium (ll, India (ll,Is ~el (1 l, Japan (1 i , The Nether 1ands (1 i , Norway(ll, Poland (ll, Spain t i , Sweden (ll, USSR ( ) andYugoslavia c i i .
Three years later, the membership was 22 individualscomIng from 17 countries: USA (3l, Belgium (2l,France (2l, USSR (2l, Austria (ll, England (ll, GDR(ll, India (ll, Israel (ll, Japan (ll, Mexico (ll,The Netherlands (ll, Norway (ll, Poland (ll, Spain(ll, Sweden (ll, and Yugoslavia (ll. John Mogey tookcharge of the Secretariat and Pierre de 8ie (8elgiumlbecame treasurer.
This Board was renewed by election, for the fIrsttime, in Varna (1970l. The Research Commi tteepresident Reuben HiII was eIected as the President ofthe ISA and Gerrit A. Kooy (The Netherlandsl, who hadbeen supposed to succeed him in 1974, had to succeedReuben Hill immediately. The new Board was as follows(1970-1974 l:Chairperson: Gerrit A. Kooy (The Netherlandsl
Delegate to the Research CouncilSecretary: John Mogey (USAl
Alternate to the Research CouncilM rs:P. ~e de Bie (BeIgiuml, Ds. Behnam (Iranl,Anatoli Kharchev (USSRl, Andre MichelMarvin Sussman (USAl, Harold T. Christensen
(Fr anc e i ,(USAl
In 1973, the Board reported 70 paid-up members.The election in Toronto (1974l of a new 8oard,consisting of a president, two vice-presidents, asecretary and three members at large, meant adeconcentration of power in comparison with theformer situation when the ISA nominated the presidentand secretary, and incorporated 2 board members fromthe socialist countries. Also in Toronto the newConstitution of the Committee was approved. The 80ardelected for the period 1974-1978 was:President: John Mogey (ISAl
Delegate to the Research CouncilVice-Presidents: Robert Rapoport (United Kingdoml andJerzy Piotrowski (PolandlSecretary: WiIfried Dumon (BelgiumlMembers-at-large: Joan Aldous (USAl, Elina Haavio-Mannila (Finlandl, Herta Kuhrig (GDRl
In the first months of 1978, there was held anelection by mail ballot of the new Board. In July1978, one month before the IXth WorId Congress ofSociology in Uppsala (Swedenl, 180 persons werereported to be members of the Committee. The newlyelected Board was as follows:Chairman: Veronica Stolte-Heiskanen (FinIandl
Delegate to the Research CouncilVice-Chairmen: Jan Trost (Swedenl
Jerzy Piotrowski (Poland)Members-at-large:David Kirk (Canada)Clio Presvelou (BelgiumlJudit Sas (HungarylSecretary: Wilfried Dumon (Belgiuml
AIternate to the Research Council
The fo1lowing officers were elected for 1982-1986:President: Lszlo Cseh-Szombathy (HungarylFirst Vice-President: Betty Cogswell (USAlSecond Vice-President: Hiroko Nishimura (]apanlSecretary: Orjan HultakerMembers at large:Ruza First (YugoslavialLouis Roussel (FrancelAndrzej Tymowski (Polandl
The Board members for 1986-1990 are:President: Jan Trost (SwedenlFirst Vice-President: Katja Boh (YugoslavIa)Second Vice-President: Hans Bertram (FRG)Secretary/Treasurer: Don Edgar (Australial
Below there are the figures of members by country forthe years 1975, 1979 and 1986.
1975 1979 1986
Argentina O 1 OAustral ia 3 5 160Austria O 3 2Belgium 3 10 5Brazil O 2 OCanada 8 8 15ColombIa O O 2Czechoslovakia 1 O ODenmark O 1 1Finland O 5 5France 3 9 17FRG 5 9 16GDR O 3 OGhana 1 O OGreece 1 1 OGuyana O 1 OHungary 2 7 31ce 1and O 1 OIndonesia O O 2Iran O 2 Olreland 1 3 1Israel O 2 1Italy 1 3 5Japan 2 5 12Kenya O 1 OKuwait O 1 OMexico 2 1 ONetherlands 3 14 11New Zeland O O 5Nigeria O 2 3Norway O 2 3P.R. China O O 1Poland 11 9 1Singapore 1 1 2South Afrlca 2 1 2South Korea O O 1Spain O 2 3Sweden 2 7 6Swi tzer 1and 4 7 6USSR 1 1 1United Kingdom 3 7 8USA 34 78 100Venezuela 1 1 OYugoslavia O 3 2
TOTAL 95 219 402
(23 countriesl (37 countriesl (31 count-riesl
MEETlNGSImmediately after its establishment, the Sub-Commit-tee on the Family accepted to continue theorganization of the lnternational Seminars on FamilyResearch (CFRIS). The first one organized by the Sub-Committee as such, was the 6th lnternational Seminaron Family, held in Opatija (Yugoslavia), IS-24September 1961, upon invitation by the YugoslavCouncil of Child Welfare. The main theme of themeeting was "Family and Urbanization", and theCommittee members were able to define the theme to bediscussed at the Vth World Congress of Sociology,that would take place the following year inWashington, D.C. (USA). Three members of the Commit-tee attended the Seminar which had ca. 20particlpants, mainly from Yugoslavia (10) and the USA(4); other countries represented were FRG (1),Belgium (1), France (1), The Netherlands (1) andUnited Kingdom (1).
At the sessions on "Sociology of the Family" whichtook place during the Vth World Congress of Sociologyin September 1962, 4 papers were submitted on theissue "Problems in Human Organization" and 4 otherson "Coping wi th Response Errors and CulturalEquivalence of Interview Guides".
During the 7th International Seminar on FamilyResearch held in Washington (USA), 10-14 September1962, 2S persons participated in the meetings anddiscussions. This seminar was partly financed by theUS National Institute of Mental Health. Participantscame from the following countries: USA (17), France(2), Austria (1), Belgium (1), Denmark (1), FRG (1),India (1), Israel (1), Spain (1), Sweden (1) andNorway (1).
On August IS-24, 1963, a week-Iong Sth InternationalSeminar on Family Research was conducted in Oslo(Norway), supported by the Institute for SocialResearch, under the chairmanship of Erik Gr0nseth. 12papers were presented.
The 9th International Seminar on Family ~esearch washeld in Tokyo (Japan), on September 14-20, 1965,jointly sponsored by the Japanese SociologicalSociety, the Japanese National Commission for UNESCOand the ISA. This was the first activity of the ISAto be held in Asia. Financing was obtained from theseorganizations as well as from UNESCO of Paris, theJapanese National Government, the Asia Foundation andthe Ford Foundation. The organizing committee waschaired by Takeshi Koyoma. The seminar was organizedaround two majar themes of high interest both in Asiaand in the West: "Relations between the Family andthe Extended Kin", and "Child Behavior under VaryingFamily Patterns". 90 participants discussed 29research papers, divided into two seminar groups.Participants came from Asia and Oceania (22), Europeand the Middle East (S) and the USA (11). About 50observers, mostly from universities and researchcenters in Japan, participated on a more restrictedbasis.
At the Vlth World Congress of Sociology held in Evian(France), September 1966, the Research Committee held4 sessions on Family Research, at which 2S paperswere presented by authors coming from USA (S),Algeria (2), Canada (2), Iran (2), Japan (2), Belgium(2), England (1), France (1), Israel (1), ltaly (1),Morocco (1), The Netherlands (1), Tunisia (1), USSR(1) and Yugoslavia (1). Sessions were attended by anaudience of more than 300 sociologists.
The 10th Internationalaccepted an invitationStudies and Research inplace in March 1965.sessions where 39 papers
Seminar on Family Researchfrom the lnstitute for Social
Teheran (lran) and it toa kThe meeting consisted of tenwere presented.
The 11th lnternational Seminar on Family Research washeld on September 4-10, 1970 at Westfield College,University of London (UK). The organizing committeewas chaired by Rhona and Robert Rapoport, andfinancial support came from Nuffield Foundation(London), Tavistock lnstitute for Human Relations(London) and the Research Committee itself. The themeof this seminar was "Work and Family", 19 papers werepresented by people coming from: USA (5), UnitedKingdom (4), Norway (2), Austria (1), Belgium (1),Denmark (1), Finland (1), FRG (1), Hungary (1),Israel (1), Italy (l). There were 16 otherparticipants in discussions from United Kingdom (12),USA (2), France (1) and Ireland (1).
The program of the Vllth World Congress of Sociologyin Varna (1970) included the following sessions onFamily Research:Session 1: Panel-Symposium on TheoreticalPerspectives and Research, Methodologies for theCross-National Research (3 papers)Session 2: Comparative Analysis of Family System(6 papers)Session 3: Family Responses to Modernization(25 papers)Session 4: Domesticity, Feminity and the Position ofWomen (14 papers)Session 5: Problems of Family Sociology in SocialistCountriesSession 6: Children and Youth within the FamilyContext (17 papers)The authors of these 65 papers came from: USA (19),Canada (4), Poland (4), Yugoslavia (4), Belgium (3),United Kingdom (3), India (3), Roumania' (3), Bulgaria(2), Finland (2), Hungary (2), Israel (2), TheNetherlands (2), USSR (2), France (1), GDR (1), FRG(1), Iran (1), Japan (1), Lebanon (1), Norway (1),South Africa (1), Spain (1), Sweden (1), Ireland (1).
In Moscow, on Apri 1 16-23, 1972, there was held the12th lnternational Seminar on Family Research. Thetheme of the meeting was "Dynamics of Change in thePosition of Women in Society and Family" beingsponsored by the Soviet Academy of Sciences, theInstitute of Concrete Social Research, and theSection on Family Sociology of the SovietSociological Association. Chairman of the organ" 19committee was A.G. Kharchev.
The 13th International Seminar on Family Research onthe theme "The Family Life Cycle of EuropeanSocieties" was held in Paris, September 24-28, 1973,co-sponsored by the Centre d'Ethnologie Fran~aise,CNRS and Ministere des Affaires Culturelles. JeanCuisenier was the chairman of the organizingcommittee. At this meeting, an European working groupon Divorce Research in Europe was started on thein i t ia t ive of the group of French scholars,especially L. Roussel.
The program developed by the Committee for the VIIIWorld Congress of Sociology in Taranta (August 1974)included the following sessions:Session 1: Science and Revolution in ContemporaryFami ly Li fePart 1: Theories for Understanding Changes inConjugal Families in the Contemporary World(11 papers)Part 11: Experimental Desings in Family ResearchSession 2: Part 1: Changes in the Family as aSocializing Agent in the Contemporary World(18 papers)Part 11: Cross-National Comparative Research(1 paper )Session 3: Part 1: Results in Family Research:A Comparative Perspective (13 papers)Part 11: Interdisciplinary Research (panel)Session 4: Part 1: The Role of the Family Sociologist
as a Scientist in the Revolutions of the ContemporaryWorld (12 paperslPart 11: Joint session with Research Committee on SexRoles in Society (panellThese 57 papers were prepared by authors coming from:USA (16l, Iran (4l, Italy (1;), Belgium (3), Canada(2l, Israel (2), Japan (2l, Poland (2), Roumania (2),Sweden (2l, USSR (2l, Ecuador (ll, Finland (ll, Ghana(ll, Greece (ll, Guatemala (ll, Hungary (ll,Singapore (ll, South Africa (ll, Spain (ll,Switzerland (ll, Turkey t l }, United Kingdom (ll,Venezuela (2l, Zaire (ll.
A five-day workshop on "Changing Sex Roles and itsConsequences for Family and Society" sponsored by theGroves Conference on Marriage and the Family, theFamily Research Section of the Yllgoslav SociologicalAssociation, the Research Committee on FamilyResearch, the East European Family Sociology Group,and the International Commission on FamilyOrganizations was held in Dubrovnik (Yugoslavial,June 16-21, 1975. Some 400 persons attended, about
half of them from the USA and another half froml pe. Members of the Committee spoke at 4 of 5Plenary Sessions and participated active1y as leadersor speakers at 10 of 15 workshops. The themes ofthese workshops were: Alternatives to the ProcreativeRole for Women, Theory of Cross-Cultural Research andGender Roles, Couple Dynamics and Equality betweenPartners, Marriage Contracts and other LegalStrategies for Reaching Sex Role Equality,Experimental Methods of Changing Sex Roles, TrainingHuman Service Professionals, Alternative FamilyForms, Gender Role Equality in 2000 A.D., Sex RoleDifferences in Leisure Time, Socialization and Re-socialization for Gender Role Equality, Sex RoleNeutrality in Human Service Organizations, Women atWork, Non-reproductive Sex, Social Policy in an Eraof Gender Role Equality, Older Women: Adjusting tothe New Ways.
On September 1-6, 1975, the 14th InternationalSeminar on Family Research was held in Cura~ao(Netherlands Antillesl. The theme chosen for themeeting was "Family and Kinship in Middle America andthe Caribbean". The number of participants waslimited to 27, all of them were to contribute a
er. The participants were hosted by thetschogeschool in Cura~ao. English and Spanish
were the languages of communications. The seminar waschaired by Rene A. Romer (Netherlands Antillesl.Seven sessions were conducted at this meeting.
The working Group on Divorce Research had its firstmeeting in Louvain (Belgiuml on September 25-27,1974. To the steering committee were elected: R.Chester (UKl, W. Dumon (Belgiuml, G.A. Kooy (TheNetherlandsl and L. Roussel (France).
The 15th International Seminar on Family Researchtook place on January 3-9, 1976 in Lome (Togo), onthe theme "Marriage, Parenthood and Fertility in WestAfrica". Francis Olu Okediji was the chairman of theProgram Committee. There were 10 sessions on thefollowing topics:Session 1: Family Structure (7 papers)Session 2: Parental Role (6 papers)Session 3: Conjugal Roles and Fertility (6 papers)Session 4: Education, Occupation, Female Roles andFertility (3 papers)Session 5: Value of Children in Society (6 paperslSession 6: Concepts of Family Planning (7 papers)Session 7: Types of Marriage and Fertility (5 papers)Session 8: Theories of Family Research (3 papers)Session 9: The Presentation of Work in FamilyPlanning in Ghana and Nigeria (2 reports)Session 10: Methodology of Family Research (3 papers)
46 papers were presented, were 89and there
participants coming from the following countries:Togo (23), Nigeria (14l, Ghana (12), USA (12), UK(5), Cameroon (3), France (3), Benin (2), Ivory Coast(2l, Upper Vol ta (2), Senegal (2), Austral ia (1),Belgium (1), Finland (1), Kenya (1), Liberia (1),Morocco (1), The Netherlands (1), Switzerland (1) andYugoslavia (1).
The European Working Group on Divorce Research heldits 4th meeting in Uppsala (Sweden), on September 27-29, 1976. The group decided to hold a specialmeeting, open to all other members of the ISA, at theIX World Congress in Uppsala.
Sessions at the IX World Congress of Sociology werecoordinated by Jan Trost (Sweden) and were held underthe general topics of: Marriage and Family, SexRoles, Social Change, Violence, Demography, Familyand Work, Divorce.
The 16th International Seminar on Family Research on"Child and the Family" was held in Sto Peter,Minnesota (USA) on August 20-24, 1979. It wassponsored by the Research Committee and theInternational Section of the National Council onFamily Relations, and by the Research and TheorySection of the same Council. The seminar wasorganized during the International Year of the Child,and attracted so me 32 participants; Floyd M.Martinson chaired the organizing committee; Followingis the program of sessions where 21 papers werepresented:Session 1: Opening sessionSession 2: ChangeSession 3: StabilitySession 4: Socialization and AlienationSession 5: Violence and InstabilitySession 6: Antecedents of CompetenceSession 7: Themes and ValuesSession 8: Methods and DirectionsSession 9: The Future of Child and Family (panel)
The 1979 symposium of the European Working Group onDivorce Research was organized by 'the French team andthe Institut National d'Etudes Dmographiques inFrance. Ten papers were presented.
"The Child and the Family in Changing Society" wasthe theme of the 17th CFRIS held in Helsinki(Finalnd),on November 26-30, 1979.65 familyresearchers from 16 countries participated in theseminar, and 30 papers were presented. The programwas:Theme 1: Relevant theoretical and conceptualinterdisciplinary approachesTheme 2: Consequences of emerging family forms forthe chi IdTheme 3: Sex-roles socializations in childhoodTheme 4:Problems to identify development in thecontemporary familyTheme 5: Demographic changes and the position of thechildTheme 6: Policy implications of family research onthe chi Id
The 18th CFRIS was held in Uppsala (Sweden) on June16-19, 1980 on the theme "Fami ly and Disaster". Itwas organized by ~rjan Hultaker and Jan Trost, andco-sponsored by the Swedish Civil DefenseAdministration, the EUfopean Working Group on DivorceResearch. The program included:Session 1: IsolationSession 2: Adaptation of the Family in DisasterSession 3: Nuclear Plants and the FamilySession 4: Theory on Family and DisasterSession 5: Traditional and Modern Society during sas t erSession 6: Individual Stress within Family Framework
There were 19 papers presented at the Seminar.
The 7th meeting of the European Working Group onDivorce Research took place in Madrid (Spain) onNovember 6-8, 1980. As usuai, the subject of thepapers was free, but one session topic was "TheInfluence of Law Changes on Divorce".
(8elgium) fromThe theme waswas organized
The 19th CFRIS was held in LouvainAugust 30 through September 4, 1981."Divorce and Remarriage"; the seminarby the Research Committee and theResearch Institute of the CatholicLouvain. Tapies were as follows:Divorce and Society / Society and DivorceDivorce Procedures and StrategiesDivorce Counseling and Couple TherapyCross Cultural Research on the Consequences of
Divorce: methods and techniques, resultsThe Consequences of Divorce: for children, for
divorcees, for the society.Remarriage and demarriage status of divorcees after
divorcee status of marriage in relation to divorceTheories on the Consequences of Divorce.
Sessions at the X World Congress of Sociology (Mexico1982) were coordinated by Irving Tallman (USA):Session 1: Social Theory and Social PolicySession 2: Kinship in Industrializng and
Industrialized CountriesSession 3: Advancements in Theory and Methodology in
Family ResearchSession 4: Work and Family RolesSession 5 (jointly with RC on Sociology of Leisure):
Leisure and the FamilySession 6: The Family in Latin AmericaSession 7: Marriage and Family RelationsSession 8: Women, The Family, and Social DevelopmentSession 9: Family Sociology: A European Perspective
The XXth CFRIS on "Social Change and Family Policies"took place in Melbourne (Australia) on August 20-24,1985. It was organized by Don Edgar, Director of theInstitute of Family Studies in Melbourne. More than200 people attended the seminar, of whom about 70came from overseas. 66 papers were presented togetherwith 20 discussant papers. Authors came from 15countries. The proceedings from the seminar arepublished in five volumes by the Institute of FamilyStudies, Merlbourne.
On June 8-13, 1986 the Committee held its XXI CFRISin Jerusalem, organized by Lea Shamgar-Handelman atthe Hebrew University in Jerusalem, on the topic of"Alternative Patterns of Family Life in ModernSocieties". The last part of the seminar included astay at a kibbutz. The presentations will bepublished in 1987.
At the Xlth World Congress of Sociology (New Delhi,August 1986) the CFR had eight lively and wellattended sessions organized by Stella Quah of theNational University of Singapore:Session 1: Marital DissolutionSession 2: Sharing Roles in the FamilySession 3: Family Conflict and Conflict ResolutionSession 4: Changes in Family StructureSession 5: Problems of SocializationSession 6: Social Policy and the Family: The Dilemma
of State-Family BoundariesSession 8: Theoretical Development of the FieldIn addition, the CFR organized a memorial session forthe deceased Honorary President Reuben Hill.
PUBLICATIONS (in chronological arder):Anderson, Nels (ed): Studies of the Family
vol.I. Tbingen: J.C.B. Mohr, 1956vol.II, Gottingen: Vandenhock & Ruprecht, 1957
Hill, Reuben: Sociology of Marriage and FamilyBehavior 1945-1956, in Current Socioloqy, vol.VII.No.l, 1958. In 1963 the Committee arranged with theUS National Institute of Mental Health for thereprinting of this report (500 copies). The newedition appeared in 1964.
Hill, Reuben: Recent World Developments in AppliedFamily Sociology, in Transactions of the Fourth WorldCongress of Sociology, vol.II, 1959.
IV World Congress of Sociology: TheSociological Knowledge to theTransactions of the Fourth World
Applicaton ofFamily, in:
Congress ofSociology, vol.III, 1959. Includes 8the report on the discussion.
G. 8aumert (ed): Family Research: Opatija Papers1961, in: Current Sociology, vo).XII, No.1, 1963-64
V World Congress of Sociology: Transactions of theFifth World Congress of Sociology, vol.IV, 1964.Contains five papers presented at the WashingtonCongress.
Mogey, John (ed): The Family in its SocialSetting, in: International Journal of ComparativeSociology, vol.3, No.1, 1962. Special issueseminar papers. ~
Mogey, John (ed): Changes in the Family, in:International Social Science Journal, vol.XIV, No.3,1962. Special issue contains seminar papers.
Mogey, John (ed): Family Research: WashingtonPapers 1962, in: Fami ly Process, vol. 111, Nos.I-2,1964
Mogey, John: Sociology of Marriage and FamilyBehavior 1957-68, in: Current Sociology, vol. XVII,Nos.I-3, 1969.
Hill, Reuben and Ren Koenig (eds)~ Families inEast and West. Socialization Process and KinshipTies. 1965 Tokyo Seminar Papers. Paris: Mouton, 1970.
VI World Congress: Transactions of the Sixth WorldCongress of Sociology, vol. IV., 1970. Contains twopapers presented in Evian.
Rapoport, Rhona, Robert Rapoport and PeterWillmott (eds): Family and Work: London Papers 1970,in: Human Relations, vol.24, No.6, 1971.
VII World Congress of Sociology: Transactions ofthe Seventh World Congress of Socioloqy, vol.IV,Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Publishing House,Sofia, 1973. Contains 3 papers presented in Varna.
Sussman, M. B.: Issues and Developments in FamilySociology in the 1970's, in: Current Researc nSociology, The Netherlands: Mouton 1974. Publsh ~the occasion of the VII World Congress of SociologY.
Chester, Robert (ed) with collaboration of GerritKooy on behalf of the International Research Group onDivorce: Divorce in Europe. A Nidi-C8GS Publications,Nijhoff, Leiden, The Netherlands, 1977.
Cuisenier, Jean (ed) with the assistance ofMartine Segalen: The Family Life Cycle in EuropeanSocieties / Le Cycel de la Vie Familiale dans lesSociets .Europennes, Mouton (The Netherlands andFrance) 1977. Contains 25 papers from the ParisSeminar 1973.
Kharchev, Anatoli (ed): Changing Position of Womenand Family, Moscow: Academy of SCiences, Hayka Press1977. Papers of the 12th International Seminar onFamily Research held in Moscow 1972.
Sussman, M.B. (ed): Liberation of Women: ChangingSex Roles. Family Structure and Dynamics, MoscowPress 1972 and New York: International Arts andSciences Press 1977.
Jan Trost (ed): The Family in Change.International Library 1980. Publication of somepapers presented at the Uppsala Conference 1976.
Lenero-Otero, Luis: Beyond the Nuclear FamilyModel, Cross Cultural Perspectives. Sage Studies inInternational Sociology vol. 7, London: Sage 1977.
Marks, Arnaud F. and Ren Romer (eds): Family andKinship in Middle America and the Caribbean.Proceedings of the 14th International Seminar onFamily Research in Cura~ao (Nederlands Antilles)1975. Co-publication of the Institute of Higher
Isapublications of theinternational sociologicalassociation
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CURRENr SOCIOLOGYj': -.., "). - la '.XI~~ t> c c-i'r- ;:>oo""'lr
~h issue of this unique journal is devoted to acomprehensive 'Trend Report' on a topic of interestto the international community of sociologists.Authors revieM current trends and tendencies in allareas of sociological work theories, .ethods,concepts, substantive research and national orregional developments. The aim is to revieM newdevelop.ents, to discuss controversies, and toprovide extensive bibliographies. From time to time,"Co_entaries on Trend Reports" are published insubsequent issues of the journal. Recent reports havefocused on industrial and post-industrial sociology,the sociology of humour, agrarian relations and modesof production in the Middle East, sex roles, andinequalities of class and sexo
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Vol. 35, No. 1, Spring 1987ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGY: PAST ANO PRESENTby Richard 5wedberg
THE SOCIOLOGY OF LEGITIMATIONby R. Cipriani et al.
THE SOCIOLOGY OF STREET FOOOS ANO THEURBAN POOR by l. Tinker
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Archer, Margaret S. ed. 1982. The Sociology ofEducational Expansion. London: SageSayad, Abdelmalek 1984. 'Tendances et Courantsdes Publications en Sciences Sociales surl'lmmigration en France depuis 19bO'. CurrentSociology 32: 219-304
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Recent issue VOl.2, No. 3, September 1987
Weber on India and ChinaANDREAS BUSS: Introductory Comments on Max Weber'sEssays on India and ChinaGARY HAMILTON and CHENG-SHU KAO: Max Weber and theAnalysis of East Asian IndustrialisationV. SUBRAMANIAM: The Status and Function ofIntellectuals in State and Society in India andChina: Some Critical ComparisonsJURGEN LUTT: Max Weber and the VallabhacharisOther ArticlesHELMUT K. ANHEIER: The Socio-Genesis of PsychologicalDistress in Developing Countries: Industrial Workersin NigeriaMARGARET S. ARCHER: Resisting the Revival ofRelativismMARK E. WARREN: The Marx-Darwin Question:Implications for the Critical Aspects of Marx'sSocial TheoryShorter ReportJ. MICHAEL ARMER: Provincialism and Internationalismin Contemporary American Sociology
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Studies in Cura~ao and the Department of CaribbeanStudies of the Royal Institute of Linguistics andAnthropology in Leiden, The Netherlands, 1978.
Dppong, O., G. Adaba, M.P. Bekombo and J. Mogey(edsl: Marriage, Fertility and Parenthood in WestAfrica / Mariage, Fcondite et Rle des Parents enAfrique de I'Duest, in: Changing Africa Series of theAustralian National University, Department ofDemography, Canberra 1978. It contains 40 papers fromthe 15th International Seminar on Family Researchheld in Tom, January 1976.
Paepe, C. de, W. Dumon and M. Matthys: La Divorceen Europe Dccidentale / Divorce in Western Europe.Bibliographie Annotee/Annotated Bibliography.Collection Ministere de la Justice, Service deCoordination de la Recherche, La DocumentationFran~aise, Paris 1978. Book edited by the EuropeanWorking Group on Divorce Research.
Jan Trost (edl: The Family in Change.International Library 1980. Publication of somepapers presented at the Uppsala Conference 1976.
N et terG~." te ed 1 ted by the Researchcompleted since 1973 13 volumes, eachnumbers. ISSN 0280 6746.
HISTORY DF RC 12SOCIOLDGY DF LAW
DRIGINSThe Sociology of Law has by now a long tradition inthe field of historical and theoretical studies. Inthe field of emipirical research, however, the disci-pline has developed more recently. Although there aremany examples of research in the sociology of lawwhich were carried out between the First and SecondWorld Wars, it can be said that only in the Post-Warperiod, and especially in the last two decades, hasthis research taken a notable dimension in the USA(1950's and 1960'sl, in the Scandinavian countriesand in other countries of Western and Eastern Europe.
It was precisely in consideration of the recentdevelopment of empirical research and the need tor e this research to the tradition of historicalar,. eoretical studies, that a group of well knownsp~cialists in sociology proposed to the ISA toorganize an informal session during the V WorldCongress of Sociology (Washington D.C., 19621. Theproposal was accepted and the informal session tookplace in Washington on two consecutive days, presidedby W.M. Evan (USAI and Adam Podgorecki (Polandl. Atthe end of the meeting it was voted to set up aResearch Committee on Sociology of Law. The ISAExecutive Committee acting on this recommendationdecided to grant full Research Committee status tothe newly founded group.
EXECUTIVE AND MEMBERS~- In 1962 the group consisted of 16 persons, directed
by the following board:President: Renato Treves (ItalylVice-President: Adam Podgorecki (PolandlSecretary: William M. Evan (USAI
The other 13 members came from: USA (21, Denmark (1"France (11, FRG (1), Israel (1), Japan (1" Mexico(1 1, Norway (11, Sweden (11, UK (11, USSR (1 1 andYugoslavia (11.
In 1963 thereSoviet Union,the Committee.
an additional member from the1964 a Hungarian member joined
During the Research Committee meeting held in Varese
(Italyl in September 1968 the reorganization of theCommittee was decided upon. Two working groups wereconstiuted, one located in Copenhagen presided by B.Kutschinski, for research on "Knowledge and Dpinionabout Law", and another in Milano presided by RenatoTreves for "Documentation on Sociology of Law". TheBoard of the Research Committee consisted of:President: Renato Treves (ItalylVice-President: Adam Podgorecki (PolandlSecretary: William M. Evan (USAIMembers: R. Apthorpe
Wilhem Aubert (NorwaylRichard D. Schwartz (USAI
At the VII World Congress of Sociology in Varna(19701, the Board invited Peter Vinke
Between May and June 1978, new eleetions were held bymail ballot. 79 ballots were reeeived, with thefollowing results:President: Jan Glastra van Loon (The Netherlands)Viee-Presidents: Riehard L. Abel (USA) and Colin M.Campbell
The Fourth InternationalCambridge (UKl on Septemberthe Legal System"
Symposium was held in25-28, 1973 on "Access to
Sessions held during the VIII World Congress ofSociology (Taranta 1974l and a special sessionsponsored by the Centro di Prevenzione e DifesaSociale dealt with the following themes:A. Sessions of the Research CommitteeSession 1: The Theory of Sociology of Law (8 paperslSession 2: Organizational Theory, Effectiveness andthe Law (6 paperslSession 3: Comparative Study on Deviance, Violenceand ConformitySession 4: Judical Decision-Making and Alternatives(4 paperslB. Special Session coordinated by Renato Treves: TheProblem of Teaching Sociology of Law (3 paperslThe authors of these papers came from 10 countries:USA (8l, FRG (2l, Japan (2l, Poland (2l, USSR (2l,r rk (2l, UK r i i , Hungary r i i , Norway c i i , Spain(-.- .A meeting in Tokyo, September 1-4, 1975. The Commit-tee in collaboration with the Japanese OrganizingCommittee, chaired by Takeyoshi Kawashima, organizeda symposium on "Theory in the Sociology of Law". Thethemes were:1. Theory in the Sociology of Law (15 papersl2. Law in Modern Japan (7 papersl3. Law in Developing Societies (8 paperslThere were 57 participants from Japan (31l, USA (5l,FRG (3l, Poland (3l, UK (3l, USSR (3l, Belgium (ll,Finland (ll, The Netherlands (ll, Hungary (ll, India(1l, Kenya (1l, Norway (1l, Sr i Lanka (1l and theUnited Arab Republic (ll.
A conference on "Sociology of Law and Legal Sciences"was held in Balatonszeplak (Hungaryl on September 26-29, 1976. There were sessions on Documentation in theField of Sociology of Law, The Teaching of Sociologyof Law, Knowledge and Opinions about Law. Anothermain topic was Law and Economic Order.
A meeting of the Research Committee held inrcken on September 5-8, 1977. The theme of the
~, vrence was "The Impact of the Research in theSociology of Law on Government Action". The SpecialResearch Section in Theory and Sociology of Law inthe Law and Economics Faculty of Saarland Universitywere the hosts. There were more than 100 participantsfrom 16 countries.
During the IX World Congress of Sociology held inUppsala (1978l, the Committee organized the followingsessions:Session 1: Major Theoretical Issues in Sociology ofLaw (6 paperslSession 2 (jointly with the Research Committees onSociotechnics and Deviance and Social Control: Evalu-ation of Crime Prevention ProblemsSession 3: Legal Professions (2 paperslSession 4: "Traditional" versus "Modern" LegalSystems (7 paperslSession 5: Family Law (11 paperslSession 6: Changing Conceptions of the State(3 paperslSession 7: Research in Progress (8 paperslThe authors of these 42 papers came from 16countries: Italy (9l, USA (5l, Belgium (4l, FRG (4l,UK (3l, Japan (3l, Poland (3l, Australia (2l, Denmark(2l, Canada (ll, France (ll, India (ll, Kenya (ll,Sweden (1l, Switzerland (t }, Yugoslavia (t }.
The annual Conference for 1979 wasCag 1iari (1 taly l on 19-22 September.sessions on the following topics:
organized inThere were
Session 1:Session 2:Session 3:Session 4:Session 5:Session 6:
Law, State and Political PowerThe Family and the LawLegal ProfessionLaw and Dispute TreatmentResearch in ProgressDocumentation
The Committee and the Law and Society Association(USAl sponsored a joint meeting at the University ofMadison, Wisconsin (USAl on June 5-8, 1980. It wasbased on 6 groups of 8 or 9 parallel panels, where186 papers were presented. The authors came from thefollowing countries: US (131l, UK (10l, Canada (9l,Australia (4l, FRG (4l, Belgium (3l, India (3l, Japan(3l, Nigeria (3l, Yugoslavia (2l, Colombia (1i ,Denmark (ll, France (ll, Malaysia (ll, Mexico (ll,The Netherlands (ll New Guinea (ll, Peru (ll, Poland(ll, South Africa (ll, Venezuela (ll, United ArabRepublic t r , Belgium (l}, and Australia (t ,
Jean Van Houtte participated in the 2nd InternationalCongress of Legal Science organized by theInternational Centre of Legal Science in Amsterdam(The Netherlandsl on September 7-12, 1980. The themeof the Congress was "The Working of Law in Society,Nationally and Internationally" and Jean van Houtteassisted in his role of a member of the Board of theResearch Committee.
A meeting of the Committee was organized in Oxford(UKl on September 24-27, 1981, in collaboration withthe Center for Legal Studies (Wolfson Collegel. Fourworkshops were on the program:1. Law and Economy2. Interactionist Analysis of Legal Processes (bothcivil and criminall3. Language Use in Legal Settings4. Labor Law and Industrial RelationsSpecial sessions were organized concerning researchin progress.
In Mexico City during the X World. Congress ofSociology (1982l seven sessions were coordinated byJean van Houtte:Session 1: Theory and Methodology in Sociology of LawSession 2: Legal Systems and Social SystemsSession 3: Legal ProfessionsSession 4: Law in ActionSession 5: Dispute InstitutionsSession 6: Law and Social Change in Latin AmericaSession 7: Research in ProgressThe average number of persons attendingwas about 60. The session on "Law andin Latin America" was attended bypersons.
the sessionsSocial Changemore than 100
From September 7-10, 1983 at the University ofAntwerp, Belgium, the Committee held a meeting inwhich 110 scholars participated. The topics of thesessions were:- Litigation research: legal aid costs and benefits
of government by regulation- Fami 1y 1aw- Legal anthropology- Beyond formal justice- Law, aconomic order and industrial relations- Current sociology of law in Italy, Japan and
Argentina- Legal profession- European Institute of Sociology of LawMost papers were published prior to the meeting bythe Association for the Social Scientific Study ofLaw, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
In August 1985 a successful meeting on fundamentalissues of sociology of law under the title "Lesfondements scientifiques de la sociologie de droit /Scientific foundations of sociology of law", was heldby the Committee in Aix-en-Provence (Francel. About
250 participants attended plenary meetings as well asvarious workshops.Several items of the Committee's activities werediscussed as well:- A report on the activities of the Working Group onSocial and Legal Systems, prepared by Adam Podgorecki(Canada), informed the Board about the forthcomingpublication of the group as well as about itscontinuing meetings and activities.
- The Research Committee's Working Group on LegalProfessions has completed a comparative survey to bepublished in 2 volumes by the University ofCalifornia Press. Philip Lewis, a chairman of theWorking Group, upon accomplishing this successfulsurvey, has left the chair~anship to Terence Halliday
In 1965 Kurt Wolff was aksed by the ISA ExecutiveCommittee to organize a Research Committee onSociology of Knowledge, to be formally constituted atthe VI World Congress of Sociology (Evian 1966).
EXECUTIVE ANO MEMBERSThe first and only president of the Research Commit-tee was Kurt W01ff (USA). It is not known how manymembers the Committee hado The Board elected at theVI World Congress in Evian (1966) was:President: Kurt H. Wolff (USA)Secretary: V. Milic (Yugoslavia) - replaced by JerzySzacki (Po land ) at the VI I World Congress, Varna1970.
ACTlVITIESIn Evian, September 1966, the Research Committee ofKnowledge as such participated for the first time ina world congress: VI World Congress of Sociology. 19papers were presented at its sessions and the authorscarne from 12 countries: USA (6), Argentina (2),France (2), Canada (1), Denmark (1), FRG (1), Hungary( Israel (1), Italy (1), Poland (1), and UK (1).
The second and last participation of this ResearchCommittee in a world congress was in Varna (1970) atthe VII World Congress of Sociology. The Committeeheld two scientlflc meetings on "Society andConsciousness" where 18 contributions from variouscountries were discussed: USA (4), Bulgaria (3),Canada (2), France (2), UK (2), Argentina (1),Oenmark (j), Italy (1), The Netherlands (1) andRomania (1).
The Research Committee was discontinued by the Execu-tive Committee of the ISA in April 1972, after a longperiod of inactivity and the resignation of itspresident, Kurt Wolff. In a letter dated February21st, 1972, Kurt Wolff resigned stating that "the jobhas been, especially since Varna, far more a sourceof frustration than of gratification", and that itproved very difficult for him to communicate withmembers and to raise a relevant project ofinternational activity.
PUBLlCATlONSTransactions of the IV World Congress of
So lo ,London, 1961.Vt ~II: contains a report on the discussion writtenby Kurt H. WolffVol. IV: "The Sociology of Knowledge" contains aneditorial note by Kurt H. Wolff, 6 papers presentedat the Congress, and the discussion.
Norman 8irnbaum: Sociological Study of Ideology,in: Current Sociology, vol. IX, no. 2 (1960)
Transactions of the V World Congress of Sociology,Louvain, 1964.Vol. IV: co nt a i ns 3 papers, "Introduction" by Kurt H.Wolff, and the reports on the Committee's twosessions.
Alberto Izzo: The SocloloQY of Knowledge in Italy,Bologna, Riccardo Patron, 1966.
Kurt H. Wolff: The Sociology of Knowledge in theUSA, in: Current Sociology, vol. XV, no. 1 (1967).
Transactions of the VII World Congress ofSociology, Sofa, 1973.Vol. IV: contains 3 papers presented at the Congress.
11. SOCIOLOGY OF MASS COMMUNICATION
ORIGINSIt seems that the first paper on mass communicationproblems ever presented at a world congress of socio-logy was Alphons Silbermann's "Sociological Aspectsof Radio Music" submitted at the II World Congress ofSociology, Liege (Belgium), August 1953.
Six years later, during the IV World Congress of
Sociology (Milano and Stressa, 1959), a section wasdevoted to "Application of Sociological Knowledge toMass Communication". It is not known exactly how manypapers were delivered at the meeting, but thepublication Transactions of the IV World Congress ofSociology, vol. 111, contains the introductory paperof the session chairman, Morris Janowitz, and RobertSchulze. There are also 7 abstracts written by schol-ars coming from: USA (3), UK (1), FRG (1), Norway (1)and Yugoslavia (1). The report of the discussionincluded 5 other references to papers submitted atthe Congress.
At the end of the Congress, the ISA ExecutiveCommittee approved the establishment of the ResearchCommittee on Mass Communication.
EXECUTIVE ANO MEMBERSIn 1959 the Committee had 15 members coming fromFrance (4), USA (4), Italy (2), UK (2), Belgium (1),FRG (1) and Poland (1). Its first president wasGeorge Friedmann (Fr anc e }, and since 1961 thesecretary was Edgar Morin (France). There were nosubstantial changes in the national composition ofthe Committee during its first years of existence.
The Board elected at the VII World Congress of Socio-logy (Varna, September 1970) was as follows:President: Edgar Morin (France) - Alternate to theResearch CouncilVice-Presidents: Elihu Katz (Israel) and Igor Petrov(USSR)Secretary: Jos Vidal-Beneyto (Spain) - Delegate tothe Research CouncilNewsletter Editor: Alfred Willener (Switzerland)
The ISA data indicate that in August 1974 the Commit-tee's membership was 24 persons from 14 countries:USA (6), Canada (3), Belgium (2), Italy (2),Switzerland (2), Oenmark (1), Finland (1), Ghana (1),Hungary (1), Korea (1), Mxico (1), The'Netherlands(1), Sweden (1) and Yugoslavia (1).
At the business meeting held on August 21, 1974, inTaranta, a new board was elected for the term 1974-1978:President: Jos Vidal Beneyto (Spain) - Delegate tothe Research CouncilSecretaries: Marino Livolsi (Italy)McCormack (Canada) who resigned in 1975Members:El ihu Katz (Israel),(USA), Lawrence H.(Hungary), FranceZygulski (Po land )
Gerald Kline (USA), Kurt LangStreicher (USA), Tamas SzecskoVreg (Yugoslavia), Kazimierz
At a board meeting held in Paris on December 6, 1976,it was agreed to promote contacts and initiativeswith similar bodies that might be interested infostering studies and research in the area. At thesame time the board considered advantageous to widenthe Committee's interests to the spheres of theSociology of Culture and Knowledge.
In Paris, en November 25, 1977, the board decided toset up links between the Research Committee and allthose working in the field of culture and knowledge.It was agreed with the representatives of the Intern-ational Association for the Sociology of Knowledge toprepare a joint presentation for the session on"Knowledge and Communication" chaired by thepresident of the Research Committee at the IX WorldCongress of Sociology in Uppsala (1978). Oepending onthe outcome of the experience, the creation of ajoint committee was to be considered.
First contact with theSociology of Knowledgeparticipation in the VIII(Taranta, 1974) . Under
International Society forwas initiated by its
World Congress of Sociologyits sponsorship there was
organized a session on "Sociology of Knowledge"coordinated by Juan Corradi (Argentina) and HarrietFriedmann (Canada).Moreover, Alexander Gella chaired a special round-table on "Toward the Sociology of theIntell igentsia".
At the IX World Congress of Sociology (Uppsala 1978)the following board was elected for the period 1978-1982:President: Jos Vidal Beneyto (Spain)Vice-Presidents: Kurt Lang (USA), Jacques Leenhardt(Fr anc e ), Denis McQuail (The Netherlands), TamasSzecsko (Hungary), Alfred Willener (Switzerland)Secretary: Marino Livolsi (Italy)
In June 1978, the Research Committee's president,Jos Vidal Beneyto, asked ISA for a permission toexpand Committee's thematic area to "Sociology ofCulture and Knowledge".
At that time the Committee had almost 100 membersfrom 24 countries: Austria, Canada, Chile, France,FRG, GDR, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Norway, TheNetherlands, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania.Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, USA, USSR, Venezuela,Yugoslavia.
The new board elected in Uppsala was enlarged inorder to reflect better the Committee's extendedinterests and broader international representation:President: Jos Vidal Beneyto (Spain)Vice-Presidents: Kurt Lang (USA) Delegate to theResearch Council, Jacques Leenhardt (France), DenisMcQuail (The Netherlands), Tamas Szecsko (Hungary),and Alfred Willener (Switzerland)General Secretary: Marino Livolsi (Italy)Members: Claudio Aguirre-Bianchi (Eh i le), LotharBisky (GDR), Juan Corradi (Argentina), M. Essayas(Ethiopia), Elihu Katz (Israel), Antonina Kloskowska(Poland), Valery Korobeinikov (USSR), William Phelan(Canada), Dieter Prokop (FRG), France Vreg(Yugoslavia)
At the X World Congress of Sociology, Mexico 1982,the following members were elected on the Board for1982-1986:President: Jos Vidal Beneyto (Spain)Vice-Presidents: Kurt Lang (USA), Jacques Leenhardt(France), Marino Livolsi (Italy), Denis McQuail (TheNetherlands), and France Vreg (Yugoslavia)Genera 1 Secretar iat: Claud io Agui r re+B ianch i andPeter Dahlgren (Swedenl, Ccile Rougier (Francel
ACTIVITIESIn June 1962 a colloquium on "Film Hero" was organi-zed in Sestri-Levante, Italy. George Friedmann,chairman of the Research Committee, presided themeeting and Edgar Morin, secretary of the Committee,with C. Bremond were scientific directors of thecolloquium. 14 participants came from: France (6l,Italy (2, Czechoslovakia ( }, India (1), Poland(1), Portugal (ll, USA (ll and Yugoslavia (ll.
At least four papers were presented at the session onMass Communication held during the V World Congressof Sociology (Washington, September 1962l.
On May 12-13, 1963, in the Centre Culturel deRoyaumont, French members of the Committee with theassistance of the Centre d'Etudes des Communicationde Masse, organized a colloquium on "Culture suprie-ure et cultur e de masse". Approximately 15specialists were present at the meeting, among themPaul Lazarsfeld.
At the VI World Congress of Sociology (Evian,September \966l, 13 papers Were presented by scholarscoming from: USA (4l, Belgium (2l, Czechoslovakia(ll, FRG (ll, France (ll, Hungary (ll, Italy (ll,
Poland (ll and The Netherlands (ll.At the business meeting of the Research Committee,
the board decided to concentrate the Committee'sactivities on an international research proiect on"Youth and Mass Communication". In 1967 a jointprogram for this proiect was elaborated by a widegroup of scholars, in particular the Italian teamchaired by Francesco Alberoni, then Secretary Generalof the Committee, and the French team chaired byEdgar Morin, then President of the Committee. In thesame year, the French team prepared a specificprogram to study the current situation, problems andconditions in France.
Although the international research proiect had avery good start, it could not be continued due to thelack of funds. Many national teams had to renouncefor financial reasons, other teams pursued withpartial research projects and the results werepresented at the VII World Congress of Sociology(Var na 1970l.
In 1969 the Committee modified radically its w fworking. There was developed a minimal progra~ .fbasic activities (soliciting participation ofscientists and institutions, publication of abulletin, focusing on major research in the field ofsociology of mass communicationl which would lead tothe development of more complex proiects.
At the VII World Congress of Sociology (Varna,September 1970l, more than 15 papers were deliveredat the Committee's sessions:Sessions 1 & 2: Research on Future Mass CommunicationSessions 3 & 4: Youth CultureThe authors of these papers cameUSA (5l, Bulgaria (2l, FranceRomania (ll, The NetherlandsYugoslavia (ll.
from 8 countries:(2 l, Po 1and (1 l ,
(ll, UK (ll and
The Committee organized 5 sessions at the VIII WorldCongress of Sociology (Toronto, August 1974l:Session 1: Epistemology and Theory of CommunicationSession 2: Communication and Social IssuesSession 3: International CommunicationSession 4: New Trends in Communication ResearchAuthors came from 10 countries: USA (6l, Bulgaria(2l, Canada (2l, The Netherlands (2l, IranMexico t i i , Switzerland t i i , UK t i i , USSR (1 IdYugoslavia r t i .
An international conference on "Ideology andStructure of the Criticism in the Mass Media" washeld in Barcelona (Spainl on June 30 - July 3, 1976.It was co-sponsored by the Research Committee and theSpanish Association ANCHE. Two main subjects werediscussed: (1 l The influence of personal and groupideology on c r i t ic a l p rac t ice ; (2l Analysis of struc-tures in journalistic practice.
Members of the Committee actively participated in theX General Assembly and Scientific Conference on "MassMedia and Man's View of Society" which was organizedby the International Association for Mass Communicat-ion Research (IAMCRl on August 30 - September 4,1976, in Leicester (UKl.
On October 20-22, 1977, a preparatory meeting for theIX World Congress of Sociology was held in Trento(Italyl. Two subjects were dealt with: (ll Inventoryand prospects in mass media research, (2l Organizat-ion and creativity in mass communication. The meetingwas attended by over 40 scholars from various, mainlyEuropean, countries.
An international conference on "Popular Alternativesto the Mass Media" was held on May 24-29, 1978, inCambrils and Barcelona (Spainl. The meeting was co-sponsored by the Research Committee and three Spanish
institutions: Facultad de Ciencias de la Informacionde la Universidad de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias dela Informacion de la Universidad Autonoma deBarcelona, Centro de Investigaciones Sociologicas deMadrid. The conference was attended by over 80 schol-ars, 30 of them Spaniards. 44 papers were presentedwithin three main tapies: (1) Radical or criticalsocial sciences and popular communication, (2) Resis-tance/dissidence and popular communication, (3) Basicmovements/new social practices and popular communica-tion.
Ouring the IX World Congress of Sociology, Uppsala1978, the Research Committee was engaged in thefollowing activities:- A symposium on "Mass Media and Social Change" where21 papers were presented by authors coming from: USA(5), Canada (3), UK (2), USSR (2), Finalnd (1),France (1), FRG (1), Ghana (1), Hungary (1), India(1), Iran (1), Norway (1) and Sweden (1).- Session 1: Public Opinion organized incollaboration with the World Association of PublicO on Research (WAPOR). 3 papers were presented bya , .Jrs coming from Israel, Nigeria and Yugoslavia.- Session 2: Knowledge and Communication - conductedin cooperation with the International Society forSociology of Knowledge. 5 papers were presented byauthors coming from Usa (3), Canada (1) and France(1)
- Session 3: Inventory and Prospects in Mass MediaResearch - follow-up of the Trento (1977) meeting. 4papers were presented by authors coming from FRG, TheNetherlands, USA and USSR.- One working group session on "Counter-CultureCreativity" where 9 papers were presented by authorscoming from: Canada (2), France (1), Hungary (1),Palestina (11, Sweden (1), USA (1) and USSR (1).
At the business meeting held during the Congress itwas decided to establish 12 working groups:1. Public Opinion and Communication(Coordinator: Gladys Lang)2. Mass Media and Terrorism(Coordinators: Giovanni Bechelloni & Caria Marlettil3. Communication and Literature(Coordinator: Jacques Leenhardt)4. Counter-Culture and Communication( dlnator: Alfred Willener)5. locial Communication Networks(Coordinator: Peter Josza)6. Comparative Analysis of Media Products(Coordinator: Russell Neuman)7. Sociology of the Cinema (Coordinators: IgnacioRamonet, Andras Szekfu, Oieter Prokopl8. Alternatives to Traditional Media(Coordinator: Leonard Henny)9. Social Production of Images(Coordinator: Claudio Aguirre)10. Le gaspillage de I 'information(Coordinator: Michele Mattelart)11. International Media Concentration(Coordinator: Oieter Prokop)12. Production and Oistribution of Cultural Obiects(Coordinators: Juan Corradi, W. Phelan, Jos VidalBeneyto l.
The International Society for the Sociology of Knowl-edge also sponsored a series of sessions on Sociologyof Knowledge during the IX World Congress ofSociology.
The XI Congress of t e International Association forMass Communication Research (IAMCRI was held inSeptember 1978 in Warsaw (Polandl. The conference wasattended by nearly 500 participants; the Committeewas represented by its Vice-President Oenis McQuail.Oiscussions were organized around the theme "MassMedia and National Cultures" and dealt with: thepossibility of maintaining an autonomous national
culture in the face of a growing international massmedia culture; the potential conflict within asociety between a traditional and socially valuedculture and a commercial or popular culture of themedia; the imbalance of cultural 'strength' betweenthe third world and industrialized 'exporter' countr-ies; the general problem of formulating an appropori-ate national or international communication policy.
Two international comparative studies were launchedby the Commi ttee in 1978: (1) "Prestige Press,Ideology and Public Opinion" involving France, UnitedKingdom, German Federal Republic, Italy and Spain;(2) "Sociology of Sociological Knowledge".
A Symposium was held in Burgos (Spain) on July 3-7,1979, on Culture Industries and Society Models". Atthe same time the Committee met to discuss itscurrent affairs. Joint meetlngs were held on the sameoccasion with IAMCR representatives, with GillesPronovost, Executive Secretary of the ISA ResearchCommittee of Leisure, Everet Rogers, Presldent of thelnternational Communication Association (ICA) andIvan Vitanyi, promotor of a new research committee onSociology of Expressive Culture.
The Research Committee co-sponsored with the ResearchCommittee on Sociology of Leisure an internationalconference on "Popular Culture" held on April 23-25,1980 in Trois-Rivieres, Qubec (Canada). The Commit-tee was responsible for organizing two workinggroups: "National Cultures and Popular Cultures" and"Popular and Counter-Culture".
The Board and many members of the Committee took partin the World Congress of the International Associat-ion of Mass Communicatlon Research (IAMCR), durlngthe last days of August 1980, in Caracas (Venezuela),on the theme "New Structures of International ComlOun-ication? The Role of Research".
In 1981 the Committee launched a p ro rec t on "Pressand Public Opinion". lt gave an incentive to a sympo-sium on "Ideology, Mass Media and the Pr oduc t ion ofReality" organzied by the Committee at the X WorldCongress of Sociology (Mexico 1962;.
In the same year, 1981, the Commi ttee coordinated aproiect on "TV News and Productlon of Reality" whichinvolved working teams from 16 countries: Canada,France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Israel, Marocco,Mexico, The Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, Spaln,Tunesia, UK, USA, and Yugoslavia. The results of thisstudy were presented during the nternational Festi-val of TV Information, October 1984.
For the X World Congress of Socloioqy, Me.ico 1962.the following sessions were co-ordlnated by TamasSzecsko (Hungary) and Jos Vidal Beneyto (Spain):Session 1: The New World lnformation and Communicat-ion OrderSession 2 in collaboration with the