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  • 1. FOUR TYPES OF IRONY Verbal Irony: when a speaker says one thing but means another, or when a literal meaning is contrary to its intended effect. An example of this is sarcasm.

2. Dramatic (or tragic) irony is a disparity of expression and awareness: when words and actions possess a significance that the listener or audience understands, but the speaker or character does not. 3. Situational Irony is the disparity of intention and result: when the result of an action is contrary to the desired or expected effect. 4. Cosmic irony is disparity between human desires and the harsh realities of the outside world.

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