irish americans by larissa, allie, nikki, katie larissa, allie, nikki, katie

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  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • Irish Americans By Larissa, Allie, Nikki, Katie Larissa, Allie, Nikki, Katie
  • Slide 3
  • Irelands Geography Ireland is located in Far Western Europe in the North Atlantic Ocean Ireland is located in Far Western Europe in the North Atlantic Ocean Irelands greatest length- 485 km (302 miles) Irelands greatest length- 485 km (302 miles) Widest Point- 304 km (189 miles) Widest Point- 304 km (189 miles) There is 5, 361 km (3, 500 miles) of coastline There is 5, 361 km (3, 500 miles) of coastline
  • Slide 4
  • Geography Continued Across the South, West, Northwest and East are mountain ranges. Across the South, West, Northwest and East are mountain ranges. The South-Sandstone Mountains of Cork and Kerry. The West and Northwest- Granite Mountains and sea cliffs which stretch along the coast. The Northeast- plateaus The Northeast- plateaus In the center of the country, there is rolling countryside In the center of the country, there is rolling countryside
  • Slide 5
  • Irelands Climate Spring and Autumn Temperatures Spring and Autumn Temperatures Averages 50 degrees Fahrenheit Summer Temperatures Summer Temperatures Ranges from 60 -70 degrees Fahrenheit Winter Temperatures Winter Temperatures Ranges from 40-46 degrees Fahrenheit Average Rainfall- 40 inches a year Average Rainfall- 40 inches a year
  • Slide 6
  • People Population- 3,294,140 people Population- 3,294,140 people Age Structure Age Structure 0-14 years: 21.2% (male 427,017; female 404,191) 0-14 years: 21.2% (male 427,017; female 404,191) 15-64 years: 67.4% (male 1,322,982; female 1,322,429) 15-64 years: 67.4% (male 1,322,982; female 1,322,429) 65 years and over: 11.4% (male 194,724; female 252,797) 65 years and over: 11.4% (male 194,724; female 252,797) Language Spoken Language Spoken Irish (Gaelic-along western seaboard) Irish (Gaelic-along western seaboard) English is mainly used English is mainly used Religion Religion Roman Catholic- 90% Roman Catholic- 90% Protestant group-10% Protestant group-10% Church of Ireland (Anglican) Presbyterian and Methodist religions
  • Slide 7
  • THE HISTORY OF IRISH IMMIGRATION
  • Slide 8
  • Major Time Periods The Prefamine Period- years before 1845 The Prefamine Period- years before 1845 The Famine Period- years 1845-1855 The Famine Period- years 1845-1855 The Postfamine Period- years 1855 to the present The Postfamine Period- years 1855 to the present
  • Slide 9
  • The Prefamine Period
  • Slide 10
  • Reasons for Immigration The religious persecution of the Catholics in Ireland The religious persecution of the Catholics in Ireland The restriction of Irish economic development The restriction of Irish economic development The presence of industrialization The presence of industrialization
  • Slide 11
  • How they got here, Who came to the U.S. and What jobs did they do? American ships carried raw materials to England and on the return trip, brought back emigrants from Ireland. American ships carried raw materials to England and on the return trip, brought back emigrants from Ireland. The immigrants were mostly Catholic males. The immigrants were mostly Catholic males. They were farmers, laborers, and military and religious protestors. They were farmers, laborers, and military and religious protestors. They worked to dig the Erie Canal in New York and worked on railways, streets, and sewers. They worked to dig the Erie Canal in New York and worked on railways, streets, and sewers. They worked as carpenters and as blacksmiths. They worked as carpenters and as blacksmiths.
  • Slide 12
  • Where did they live? The immigrants, during the prefamine period, settled mostly in the northeast. The immigrants, during the prefamine period, settled mostly in the northeast. Major ports of entry were Philadelphia, New York City, and Boston. Major ports of entry were Philadelphia, New York City, and Boston.
  • Slide 13
  • FACT By 1840, the Irish made up nearly half of all entering immigrants. By 1840, the Irish made up nearly half of all entering immigrants.
  • Slide 14
  • The Famine Period
  • Slide 15
  • Reason for Immigration and How they got to the U.S. The Potato Famine The Potato Famine The Irish crowded onto ships The Irish crowded onto ships called coffin ships. called coffin ships.
  • Slide 16
  • Who came to the U.S. and What jobs did they do? Mostly Irish families rather than single people came to the U.S. in the famine period. Mostly Irish families rather than single people came to the U.S. in the famine period. Jobs were hard to find. However, clearing forests in Michigan and digging gold in California were popular jobs. Jobs were hard to find. However, clearing forests in Michigan and digging gold in California were popular jobs.
  • Slide 17
  • Where did they live? During the famine period, the Irish settled in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and New Orleans. During the famine period, the Irish settled in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and New Orleans. Some immigrants moved out west. Some immigrants moved out west.
  • Slide 18
  • Facts The famine period was the period in time in which the MOST Irish immigrated to the United States at one specific time. The famine period was the period in time in which the MOST Irish immigrated to the United States at one specific time. About one and a half million Irish came to the United States in the famine period. About one and a half million Irish came to the United States in the famine period.
  • Slide 19
  • The Postfamine Period
  • Slide 20
  • Reasons for Immigration Failing economic conditions Failing economic conditions Increased political domination Increased political domination
  • Slide 21
  • Who came to the U.S., What jobs did they do, and Where did they settle? During the postfamine period, more single females came than males or families. During the postfamine period, more single females came than males or families. They became religious sisters, secretaries, nurses, and store clerks. They became religious sisters, secretaries, nurses, and store clerks. They settled all over the United States. They settled all over the United States.
  • Slide 22
  • FACTS After 1860, more than 2.6 million Irish came to the United States. After 1860, more than 2.6 million Irish came to the United States. From 1880 to 1910, the ratio of males to females immigrating to the U.S. was.98 to 1. From 1880 to 1910, the ratio of males to females immigrating to the U.S. was.98 to 1. By 1910, Irish women made up about a quarter of teachers working in public schools in American cities. By 1910, Irish women made up about a quarter of teachers working in public schools in American cities.
  • Slide 23
  • Culture in U.S.
  • Slide 24
  • Food and Drink Agriculture is a vital part of the economy Agriculture is a vital part of the economy Breakfast is a huge meal Breakfast is a huge meal Consists of eggs, rashers (bacon), bangers (sausage), baked fresh tomatoes, fresh mushrooms, white pudding, black pudding, fresh fruit, brown bread, or toast, or scones Consists of eggs, rashers (bacon), bangers (sausage), baked fresh tomatoes, fresh mushrooms, white pudding, black pudding, fresh fruit, brown bread, or toast, or scones Juice or coffee Juice or coffee Lunch- soups and sandwiches are popular Lunch- soups and sandwiches are popular Dinner is the largest meal Dinner is the largest meal Lamb is used in many recipes Lamb is used in many recipes Irish Stew Roast Leg of Lamb Beef is the traditional Sunday roast Beef is the traditional Sunday roast Potatoes are important part of diet Potatoes are important part of diet For dessert- For dessert- homemade Soda Bread Brown Bread Home-brewed beverages, such as tea is popular Home-brewed beverages, such as tea is popular Beer, whiskey, and cider are important drinks to the Irish Beer, whiskey, and cider are important drinks to the Irish
  • Slide 25
  • St. Patricks Day Celebrated on March 17 th Celebrated on March 17 th Not an official holiday in U.S. Not an official holiday in U.S. In Ireland= religious holiday In Ireland= religious holiday It is the day that people honor the man who brought the Roman Catholic religion to Ireland It is the day that people honor the man who brought the Roman Catholic religion to Ireland Green is of Irish tradition Green is of Irish tradition many people wear clothing of green, color their hair green, and restaurants add green food coloring to beer on this holiday many people wear clothing of green, color their hair green, and restaurants add green food coloring to beer on this holiday Famous meal is corn-beef, cabbage, and potatoes Famous meal is corn-beef, cabbage, and potatoes Parades and Celebrations are common Parades and Celebrations are common New York Citys parade is the biggest New York Citys parade is the biggest Hundreds of thousands of people march for eight kilometers along Fifth Avenue. Hundreds of thousands of people march for eight kilometers along Fifth Avenue. Millions of others gather along the street to watch Millions of others gather along the street to watch
  • Slide 26
  • Wedding Traditions Claddagh rings Claddagh rings shaped as a heart, held by two hands with a crown shaped as a heart, held by two hands with a crown The heart reflects love, the hands reflect fai