Invention & Innovation ENT 12. An Invention Invention An Invention is the creation of something new An Inventor “comes upon” a new idea Some Inventions
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Invention & InnovationENT 12
An InventionAn Invention is the creation of something newAn Inventor comes upon a new ideaSome Inventions happen by accident ie Silly Putty discovered when trying to invent synthetic rubberOther inventions happen because someone takes the time to look for a solution to a problem ie the fiberglass goalie mask
InnovationAn innovation is a change in something that already existsInnovations sometimes happen by accident and sometimes by designRuth Wakefield created the chocolate chip cookie in 1933 by accident.Most new ideas begin with a what if question.
Protecting Your IdeasOnce you have come up with an idea, invention or innovation, there are a number of ways to protect it.
TYPES OF IPCopyrightTrademarkPatentsIndustrial DesignsIntegrated Circuit Topographies
Protecting Your IdeasIn Canada there are laws that protect intellectual property.
PatentsPatents are granted for inventions which must be novel (first in the world), useful (functional and operative) and non-obvious to someone skilled in the art (inventive ingenuity). A patent gives the inventor the right to exclude others from making, using, or selling their invention for 20 years from the date of filing the patent application.
CopyrightsCopyright applies to all original literary, artistic, dramatic and musical works, including computer programs, and gives the creator the sole right to produce or reproduce a work or a substantial part of it in any form. Copyright also protects performances and sound recordings. Generally, copyright protection lasts for the life of the author plus 50 years. By law all Canadians hold the copyright to any original work they created unless they were hired or employed to create it.
Trademarks A trade-mark is a word, symbol, design, or a combination of these, used to distinguish the wares or services of one person or organization from those of others in the marketplace. Trade-mark registration gives one the exclusive right to use the mark across Canada for 15 years, renewable every 15 years thereafter.
Trademarks Trademarks come in three basic categories:Ordinary Marks- are words or symbols that distinguish the wares or services of a specific firm or individualCertification Marks- identify wares or services that meet a standard. They are owned by one person but licensed to others to identify acceptable wares or servicesDistinguishing Guises- refer to a unique shape of a product or its package such as the distinctive shape of a coke bottle
Industrial Design ActAn industrial design is anything made by hand, tool or machine that has distinctive features such as a shape of a chair or the decoration on the handle of a spoon. Once the design is registered, the designer (called a proprietor) has exclusive rights to the design for 10 years.
Integrated Circuit Topography ActICT are electronic integrated circuits or IC products that are configured and interconnected.The act gives the creator exclusive rights for a period of ten years after registration.Because these products are often exported outside of Canada, Canada has reciprocal agreements with other countries that also protect the design for 10 years.