intertestamental history & gospels
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DESCRIPTIONIntertestamental History & Gospels. Gospel of John Part 1 of 2. Schedule of the Class. Devotional. John 14:15-31. John 14:15-31. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Intertestamental History & GospelsGospel of John Part 1 of 21DateTopicTeacher10/7/12Intertestamental History & NT Cultural/Religious BackgroundsNick10/14/12Intro to GospelsJustin10/21/12MarkJustin10/28/12MatthewNick11/4/12LukeNick11/11/12No CE Baptism Class-11/18/12No CE Thanksgiving Combined Service-11/25/12JohnJustin12/2/12JohnJustin12/9/12Review / Q&A / Assessment SurveyNickSchedule of the Class2John 14:15-31Devotional315If you love me, you willkeep my commandments.16And I will ask the Father, and he will give you anotherHelper,to be with you forever,17eventhe Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you andwill bein you.18I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you.19Yet a little while and the world will see me no more, butyou will see me.Because I live, you also will live.20In that day you will know thatI am in my Father, andyou in me, andI in you.21Whoever has my commandments andkeeps them, he it is who loves me. Andhe who loves mewill be loved by my Father, and I will love him andmanifest myself to him.22Judas (not Iscariot) said to him, Lord, how is itthat you will manifest yourself to us, and not to the world?23Jesus answered him, If anyone loves me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love him, andwe will come to him and make our home with him.24Whoever does not love me does not keep my words. Andthe word that you hear is not mine but the Father's who sent me.25These things I have spoken to you while I am still with you.26But theHelper, the Holy Spirit,whom the Father will send in my name,he will teach you all things andbring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.27Peace I leave with you;my peace I give to you. Not as the world gives do I give to you.Let not your hearts be troubled, neitherlet them be afraid.28You heard me say to you,I am going away, and I will come to you. If you loved me, you would have rejoiced, because Iam going to the Father, forthe Father is greater than I.29Andnow I have told you before it takes place, so that when it does take place you may believe.30I will no longer talk much with you, forthe ruler of this world is coming.He has no claim on me,31but I doas the Father has commanded me,so that the world may know that I love the Father. Rise, let us go from here.John 14:15-31426But theHelper, the Holy Spirit,whom the Father will send in my name,he will teach you all things andbring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.John 14:15-315Historical settingTwo historical settings for any narrative:Setting of events portrayedLater setting of the authorSetting in the Gospel of JohnUnique as it speaks of two different conflicting relationships:Jesus and opponentsAuthors Christian community (Johannine community) and Jewish opponents
Setting6Evidences:Author frequently uses term Ioudaioi which means Jews or Jewish leaders for Jesus opponentStrange because Jesus and his disciples were also JewsHistorical conflict between Jesus and religious leader was Jew vs. JewNow suggests conflict of Christian vs. Jew written at a time when church was separated from the synagogue Expulsion from synagogue (John 9:22; 12:42; 16:2)
Evidence of Two Conflicts7John 9:20-2220His parents answered, We know that this is our son and that he was born blind.21But how he now sees we do not know, nor do we know who opened his eyes. Ask him; he is of age. He will speak for himself.22(His parents said these thingsbecause they feared the Jews, forthe Jews had already agreed that if anyone shouldconfess Jesusto be Christ,he was to be put out of the synagogue.)Man born blind. Parents fear admitting Jesus miracle.Expulsion from Synagogue8John 12:4242Nevertheless,many even of the authorities believed in him, butfor fear of the Pharisees they did notconfess it, so that they would not beput out of the synagogue;Unbelief of the peopleExpulsion from Synagogue9John 16:1-416I have said all these things to you to keep you from falling away.2They will put you out of the synagogues. Indeed,the hour is coming whenwhoever kills you will think he is offering service to God.3And they will do these things because they have not known the Father, nor me.4ButI have said these things to you, that whentheir hour comes you may remember that I told them to you.Warning from Jesus about coming/present difficult timesExpulsion from Synagogue10Gospel of John was likely written in late first centuryComposed by apostle John while he was ministering in Ephesus
Setting11John the Gospel of Son who reveals the FatherJohn 20:30,3130Now Jesus did many other signsin the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book;31but these are written so that you maybelieve that Jesus is the Christ,the Son of God, and that by believingyou may have lifein his name.John 21:25 25Nowthere are also many other things that Jesus did. Were every one of them to be written, I suppose that the world itself could not contain the books that would be written.Miracles, teachings, and letters of the ApostlesPortrait of Jesus12~90% of Johns Gospel is different from the SynopticsKey features of Jesus ministry are absent:No exorcisms or parablesNo table fellowship with sinnersKey Synoptic phrase kingdom of God only occurs twice (John 3:3,5)Most of Jesus teachings are uniqueFive of Johns eight miracles do not occur in the SynopticsUniqueness of John13~90% of Johns Gospel is different from the SynopticsKey Synoptic events that are absent:Jesus baptism (John 1:24-34)Only before and after baptism is accounted forJesus temptation in the wildernessThe transfigurationInstitution of the Lords SupperUniqueness of John14Simple style and vocabulary but has profound theological truthSimilar to the GospelSimple enough for a child to learn but profound enough that one could never comprehensively understand itStyle of John15Unique literary styleStyle is simplistic with short sentences connected by coordinate conjunctions (and) - FANBOYSRepetitious style with parallelism used for emphasisJohn 14:27a 27Peace I leave with you;my peace I give to you.John 1:10-11 10He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yetthe world did not know him. 11He came tohis own,andhis own people did not receive him.
Style of John16Many ContrastsJohn 1:10-11 10He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yetthe world did not know him. 11He came tohis own,andhis own people did not receive him.Light and darknessTruth and falsehoodLife and deathAbove and belowStyle of John17Gospel of John plays out the struggle between the two throughout its entiretyJohn 1:55The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.John 3:1919And this is the judgment:the light has come into the world, andpeople loved the darkness rather than the light becausetheir works were evil.Light and Darkness18Gospel of John plays out the struggle between the two throughout its entirety (cont.)John 8:1212Again Jesus spoke to them, saying,I am the light of the world. Whoeverfollows me will notwalk in darkness, but will have the light of life.John 12:3535So Jesus said to them,The light is among youfor a little while longer.Walk while you have the light, lest darknessovertake you.The one who walks in the darkness does not know where he is going.Light and Darkness19Gospel of John plays out the struggle between the two throughout its entirety (cont.)John 12:4646I have come into the world as light, so that whoever believes in me may not remain in darkness.Such stark contrasts provoke us to respond and reflect.Are we in the light or darkness? Light and Darkness20Johns seeming simple vocabulary carry profound significance:know, abide, believe, witness, truth, life, light, glory, the world
In Jesus teachings:the Synoptics focus on the kingdom of God, repentance, and right behavior towards God and othersJohn focuses on philosophical issues of truth, life, and knowing God
Style of John21Prologue John 1:1-18Book of Signs1:19-12:50Book of Glory/Passion13:1-20:31Epilogue21:1-25
Structure of John22Gods self-revelation through the SonWhat do you see about God and/or Jesus in John 1:1-18? And what does this mean?1. Jesus is the self-revelation of God (v.1,14,18)The Word communicative revelation of God through Christ2. Jesus is himself God (v.1), cf. Hebrews 1:33. Jesus is eternal (v.2)4. Jesus is the Creator (v.3)
The Prologue23What do you see about God and/or Jesus in John 1:1-18?5. Jesus is the life-giver (v.4)6. Jesus is the light-giver (v.4)7. Jesus was rejected by his own (vv.10-11)8. Those who receive him become part of a new spiritual family (vv.12-13)9. Jesus initiates new era of salvation, not of law but of grace (v.17)10. Jesus reveals the invisible God (v.18)The Prologue24Gospel of John Part 2 of 2Revelation of Son through Signs/MiraclesRevelation of Son through Personal Interviews, Dialogue, and DebateBook of Glory and Passion Revelation of Son through I am statementsFarewell Discourse Promise of the Holy SpiritNext Week25Reflect on the Prologue (John 1:1-18).Read / Re-read Gospel of John.Remember. Remind. Review. John 14:26 26But theHelper, the Holy Spirit,whom the Father will send in my name,he will teach you all things andbring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.
Assignment26Citation of Sources and BibliographyFee, Gordon D. & Douglas Stuart. How to Read the Bible for All Its Worth. 3rd ed. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2003.Strauss, Mark L. Four Portraits, One Jesus: A Survey of Jesus and the Gospels. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2007.Questions?27