intersection scale and social machines

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Digital Humanities at Oxford Summer School, Wolfson College, Oxford14 July 2014


  • 1. David De Roure Intersection, Scale, and Social Machines The humanities in the digital world

2. What Digital Humanities isnt A silo Digital Research in the Humanities But equally Humanities in Digital Research Digital Humanities at Oxford video 3. The Big Picture More people Moremachines Big Data Big Compute Conventional Computation Big Social Social Networks e-infrastructure Online R&D (Science 2.0) Social Machines @dder 4. Edwards, P. N., et al. (2013) Knowledge Infrastructures: Intellectual Frameworks and Research Challenges. Ann Arbor: Deep Blue. 5. ChristineBorgman 6. Pip Willcox @marstonbikepath Datasets or dataflows? 7. F i r s t 8. 9. New Social Process 10. 11. Scientists Talk Forum Image Classification data reduction Citizen Scientists 12. Community Software Supercomputer Digital Music Collections Student-sourced ground truth Community Software Linked Data Repositories Supercomputer 23,000 hours of recorded music Music Information Retrieval Community SALAMI 13. Pip Willcox 14. Interdisciplinary and in the wild In it not on it Pull not Push 15. A revolutionary idea Open Science! 16. Executable Documents Knuth, Literate Programming 17. The R Dimensions Research Objects facilitate research that is reproducible, repeatable, replicable, reusable, referenceable, retrievable, reviewable, replayable, re-interpretable, reprocessable, recomposable, reconstructable, repurposable, reliable, respectful, reputable, revealable, recoverable, restorable, reparable, refreshable? @dder 14 April 2014 sci method access understand new use social curation Research Object Principles 18. Real life is and must be full of all kinds of social constraint the very processes from which society arises. Computers can help if we use them to create abstract social machines on the Web: processes in which the people do the creative work and the machine does the administration... The stage is set for an evolutionary growth of new social engines. The ability to create new forms of social process would be given to the world at large, and development would be rapid. Berners-Lee, Weaving the Web, 1999 (pp. 172175) Social Machines 19. SOCIAM: The Theory and Practice of Social Machines is funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under grant number EPJ017728/1 and comprises the Universities of Southampton, Oxford and Edinburgh. See 20. Scholarly Machines EcosystemDavid De Roure, JCDL 2013 21. Richard OBierne 22. Yet Wikipedia and its stated ambition to compile the sum of all human knowledge are in trouble. The volunteer workforce that built the projects flagship, the English-language Wikipediaand must defend it against vandalism, hoaxes, and manipulation has shrunk by more than a third since 2007 and is still shrinking The main source of those problems is not mysterious. The loose collective running the site today, estimated to be 90 percent male, operates a crushing bureaucracy with an often abrasive atmosphere that deters newcomers who might increase participation in Wikipedia and broaden its coverage 23. By Sgolne Tarte, David De Roure and Pip Willcox Working out the Plot The Role of Stories in Social Machines 24. Stories within Social Machines Stories about Social Machines Social Machines for stories Now we consider... SOCIAL MACHINES AS STORIES 25. STORYTELLING AS A STETHOSCOPE FOR SOCIAL MACHINES 1. Sociality through storytelling potential and realization 2. Sustainability through reactivity and interactivity 3. Emergence through collaborative authorship and mixed authority Zooniverse is a highly storied Social Machine Facebook doesnt allow for improvisation Wikipedia assigns authority rights rigidly 26. A computationally- enabled sense-making network of expertise, data, software, models and narratives Iain Buchan 27. Dont retrofit digital Think post-digital, post-disciplinary Social Machines Humans in the loop, empowered Challenge assumptions 28. Thanks to Christine Borgman, Iain Buchan, Chris Lintott, Richard OBierne, Nigel Shadbolt, Sgolne Tarte, Pip Willcox; FORCE11, SOCIAM; Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, JISC, EPSRC, ESRC, AHRC. @dder 29. @dder