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  • This article was downloaded by: [University of Auckland Library]On: 17 December 2014, At: 17:29Publisher: RoutledgeInforma Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer House,37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK

    Environment: Science and Policy for SustainableDevelopmentPublication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information:

    Internet Resources for Earth DayThomas M. ParrisPublished online: 30 Mar 2010.

    To cite this article: Thomas M. Parris (2002) Internet Resources for Earth Day, Environment: Science and Policy for SustainableDevelopment, 44:3, 3-3, DOI: 10.1080/00139150209605600

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    Internet BY THOMAS M.

    Resources for Earth Day

    any observers mark the first Earth Day in 1970 as the dawn of the contemporary environmental movement. The event signaled a

    clear transition from the nineteenth-century preservation movement to one focused on reducing pollution-which was vividly symbol- ized by fires on the Cuyahoga River and the Santa Barbara oil spill in 1969. Less note is made of the fact that there were actually two Earth Days in 1970. The frst of these, now recognized as International Earth Day, was cel- ebrated on 21 March 1970 and has been observed on the vernal equinox every year since. The second Earth Day, on 22 April 1970, was extremely successful in mobilizing the pub- lic, with an estimated 20 million U.S. partici- pants. It too is celebrated annually, on 22 April.

    The web site for International Earth Day is http://www.earthsite.orgl. This site provides the local date and time of the spring equinox for various cities around the world. At the equinox, the United Nations will simultaneous- ly ring the Peace Bells located in New York and Vienna. The site also provides access to the Earth Day Proclamation, writings of Interna- tional Earth Day founder John McConnell, and related information. CNN and the Environmen- tal News Network (ENN) each have written articles about International Earth Day and its relationship to the 22 April celebrations, locat- ed at 04/2l/ and http://www.enn. com/enn-news-archive/2000/03/03202000/ realearth-lll73.asp, respectively.

    The 22 April Earth Day continues to be the more widely celebrated of the two events. The Earth Day Network (http://www.earthday. net/) is the nonprofit coordinating body for worldwide Earth Day activities. Its web site provides a directory of local events and groups, materials for organizers, links to edu-

    cational resources, and access to Grist- gloom and doom with a sense of humor- magazine. Somewhat disconcerting is the pres- ence of the Earth Day Store, chock full of consumer goods such as clothing, accessories, books, and art. At first glance, this seems to be at odds with Earth Day Network-sponsored campaigns such as Earth Car Free Day that are designed to reduce consumption.

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys (EPA) History Office has produced a good web site documenting the history of the 22 April

    There were actually two

    Earth Day at topicslearthdayl. It contains retrospectives

    Earth Days in 1970. from Earth Day organizers such as Gaylord

    Nelson and former agency administrators such as William D. Ruckelshaus and William K. Reilly, as well as selected photographs. At the time of this writing, EPA has not yet produced a site for the 2002 celebration (http://www.epa. govlearthdayl still refers to 2001, though one would expect it to be updated in time for the 2002 celebrations).

    Many organizations and communities have launched web sites with information about plans for 2002. These include the Wilderness Society (, Friends of the Earth (http://www.foe.orgl edayo, and Earth Share of New England (http:/J Community sites include Mid-Columbia Earth Day 2002 (http:/J, Bay Area Earth Day 2002 (, the Earth Day Coalition of Ohio (http://www., and St. Louis Earth Day 2002 (

    THOMAS M. PARRIS is a research scientist at and executive director of the Boston office of ISCIENCES, LLC ( Material for Bytes of Note should be directed to him at ISCIENCES, LLC, 685 Centre Street, Suite 207, Jamaica Plain, MA 02130, or pans @





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