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    INTEGRATING BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING AND GREEN BUILDING CERTIFICATION: THE BIM LEED APPLICATION MODEL DEVELOPMENT

    By

    WEI WU

    A DISSERTATION PRESENTED TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT

    OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY

    UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

    2010

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    2010 Wei Wu

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    To my family

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    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    I would like to give my deepest gratitude to my chair Dr. Issa, a great mentor who

    leads me into the wonderland of building information modeling, and my co-chair Dr.

    Kibert who teaches me the worlds most beautiful color is green. I thank my wonderful

    committee members, Dr. Ries, Dr. Olbina and Dr. Chow. Their profound knowledge and

    persistent encouragement navigate me through one of the most challenging stages in

    my life.

    I would like to thank all BCN faculty, who I have been fortunately enough to learn

    from and work with for the last four years. I also want to thank the whole BCN staff team

    for their willingness to help out.

    I am indebted to Autodesk for their generosity to authorize me access to the

    resources that have been invaluable to my research.

    I want to tell my wife that she is the one and only angel in my life; I want to tell my

    family how much I love them. Without them being there for me, my life is meaningless.

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS page

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS .................................................................................................. 4

    LIST OF TABLES ............................................................................................................ 8

    LIST OF FIGURES ........................................................................................................ 10

    LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ........................................................................................... 14

    ABSTRACT ................................................................................................................... 17

    CHAPTER

    1 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................... 19

    The Era of New Challenges .................................................................................... 19 Basics of BIM .......................................................................................................... 20 Basics of Green Building ......................................................................................... 21 BIM for Sustainability: the Initiatives ....................................................................... 23 BIM for Green Building Certification: a First Glance ............................................... 25

    2 RESEARCH SCOPE .............................................................................................. 28

    Identifying the Problem ........................................................................................... 28 Scope of Research ................................................................................................. 31 Research Significance ............................................................................................ 31

    3 LITERATURE REVIEW .......................................................................................... 33

    Overview ................................................................................................................. 33 Rationale in Green Building Rating System ............................................................ 33

    Sustainability Indicators .................................................................................... 34 LEED as the Sustainability Indicator Tool......................................................... 38

    BIM Solution and Functionality Inventory ................................................................ 42 Revit as the BIM Solution ................................................................................. 44 Functionality Inventory of Revit ........................................................................ 45

    Implementing BIM in Green Building Design and Construction .............................. 46 Energy Simulation in BIM ................................................................................. 49

    Energy simulation using IES/Revit plug-in ........................................ 50 Energy simulation using GBS/Revit plug-in................................................ 53

    LEED Water Analysis Using GBS .................................................................... 55 LEED Daylighting and View Analysis ............................................................... 57 BIM for Sustainability: Academic Research ...................................................... 58

    Integration Framework Development ...................................................................... 60

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    Interoperability .................................................................................................. 60 IFC and its support for sustainability .......................................................... 62 XML and its support for sustainability ........................................................ 66

    Internalize Sustainability within BIM ................................................................. 67 Code Checking: Sustainability Compliance ...................................................... 68

    4 METHODOLOGY ................................................................................................... 71

    Overview ................................................................................................................. 71 Feasibility Survey .................................................................................................... 72 Generic Integration Framework .............................................................................. 73 BIM LEED Application Model ............................................................................... 74 LEED Materials and Resources Use Case ............................................................. 76

    5 RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS ............................................................................. 77

    Results: Feasibility Survey ...................................................................................... 77 Part 1: General Information .............................................................................. 77 Part 2: Section 1 Perception on Status Quo ..................................................... 81 Part 2: Section 2 Feasibility Analysis ................................................................ 88 Survey Summary .............................................................................................. 92

    Results: Generic Integration Framework ................................................................. 93 Interpreting LEED Requirements ...................................................................... 95

    Minimum program requirements ................................................................ 96 LEED categories ........................................................................................ 98

    Screening the BIM Functionality Inventory ..................................................... 102 Integration Framework Summary ................................................................... 104

    Results: Revit LEED Application Model ............................................................. 107 Module 1: Design Assistance ......................................................................... 109

    LEED strategy and Revit template ........................................................... 110 LEED knowledge and Revit API ............................................................... 111

    Module 2: Certification Management .............................................................. 115 LEED calculation using shared parameter ............................................... 118 LEED certification management using web based application ................. 118

    Results: LEED Materials and Resources Use Case ............................................. 123 Owners Commitment to LEED ....................................................................... 123 MPRs and Prerequisites ................................................................................. 123 Materials and Resources: Requirements vs. Functionalities .......................... 125 Materials and Resources: Execute Revit LEED Application Model ............. 125

    Module 1 execution: design assistance for MR ........................................ 127 Module 2 execution: LEED calculation using phasing and shared

    parameters ............................................................................................ 129 Module 2 execution: LEED certification management using web

    application............................................................................................. 133 Discussion: Code Checking for LEED Certification ............................................... 137

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    6 CONCLUSIONS, LIMITATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ............................ 140

    Conclusions .......................................................................................................... 140 Limitations ............................................................................................................. 141 Recommendations for Future Research ............................................................... 143

    APPENDIX

    A FEASIBIL

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