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  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Innovating in nanocomposite materials

    Eduardo Ruiz-Hitzky

    Materials Science Institute of Madrid

    National Research Council of Spain

    http://www.micinn.es/http://images.google.es/imgres?imgurl=http://www.ss.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp/NSP2009/img/JST-logo.png&imgrefurl=http://www.ss.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp/NSP2009/contents/organization/index.html&usg=__VSYM9-JZvvbrS9KWQrpOLihgUZ4=&h=200&w=226&sz=7&hl=es&start=39&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=WjVFHdfD_Qg04M:&tbnh=96&tbnw=108&prev=/images%3Fq%3DJST%2Bjapan%26start%3D20%26um%3D1%26hl%3Des%26sa%3DN%26rlz%3D1T4GZEZ_esES325ES326%26ndsp%3D20%26tbs%3Disch:1

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Materials Science Institute of Madrid

    ICMM http://www.icmm.csic.es/

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Materials Science Institute of MadridMaterials Science Institute of Madrid

    Spanish National Research CouncilSpanish National Research Council

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Materials Science Institute of MadridMaterials Science Institute of MadridDepartment of New Architectures in Materials Department of New Architectures in Materials

    ChemistryChemistry

    Research scientistsEduardo Ruiz HitzkyPilar Aranda Miguel CamblorAngeles Martn-LuengoAna M. de AndrsMargarita Darder

    Sabbatical stageMakoto Ogawa

    Posdoc contractsCarolina Belver

    Posdoc collaboratorsAna I. Ruiz

    Hybrid, Biohybrid and Porous Materials Group

    PhD & Master studentsAlmudena GmezFrancisco FernandesBernd WickleinAna AlcntaraYorexis GonzlezAlex RojasEzzouhra ZatileFidel A. CastroSonia Valle

    Technical supportToms GarcaAndrs Valera

    http://www.geographic.org/flags/germany_flags.htmlhttp://www.theodora.com/flagshttp://www.theodora.com/flagshttp://www.theodora.com/flags/mexico_flags.htmlhttp://www.theodora.com/flagshttp://www.theodora.com/flags

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    the design and chemical synthesis of new functional porous and hybrid materials using different strategies based on:

    i) structure-direction agents, ii) self-assembling, iii) sol-gel, iv) intercalation/delamination, v) reeze-drying structuration, vi) templated synthesis.

    The tailoring of the porosity at the nanometre scale, the incorporation of specific functionalities, and the improvement of chemical and mechanical stability, constitute one of our main goals. Approaches based on the assembling of materials of biological origin and inorganic solids through supramolecularchemistry, bio-inspired and biomimetic concepts are also used to prepare bio-nanohybridmaterials.

    to provide the nanostructured materials with predefined and desirable properties, for applications in: selective adsorption and catalysis, biomedicine and tissue engineering, environmental analysis and remediation, magnetic, optical and electrochemical devices, etc.

    Aim of the Group

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Relevant scientific contributions

    Organic-Inorganic Hybridmaterials based on organicderivatives of silicatesE.Ruiz-Hitzky & J.M. Rojo Nature, 287, 28 (1980)

    Intercalation compoundsbased on intracrystallinecomplexation in 2D solidsE.Ruiz-Hitzky & B. Casal Nature 276, 596 (1978)

    Functional nanocompositesbased on intercalation of conductingpolymers in 2D solids.E.Ruiz-Hitzky & P. Aranda Advanced Mater. 2, 545 (1990)

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Relevant scientific contributionsMicrowaves irradiation in the synthesis of materials. Example: organic synthesis using inorganic solids as supports (dry media conditions, i.e. without any solvent).E. Gutirrez, A. Loupy, G. Bram, E. Ruiz-Hitzky Tetrahedron Lett., 30, 945- 948 (1989)

    Sol-gel preparation of functionalhybrid materials. Example: self-templated synthesis of organosiliciccompounds.E. Ruiz-Hitzky, S. Letaef, V. PrvotAdvanced Mater. 14, 439-443 (2002)

    Bio-nanocomposites based onself-assembling of clay mineralsand biopolymers.M. Darder, M. Colilla, E. Ruiz-HitzkyChem. Mater. 15, 3774-3780 (2003)

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Research on nanostructured clay materials

    Bionanocomposites, prepared from the assembly of

    biopolymers and other entities of biological origin to

    diverse types of inorganic solids.

    Inorganic-inorganic nanocomposites, including the

    assembling of nanoparticles (NPs) to inorganic solids

    provided with high porosity and specific surface area.

    Graphene-like based nanocomposites, generated

    from precursors of natural origin (e.g. sugar). These

    materials have unique characteristics: electrical

    conductivity & elevated specific surface area.

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    - biopolymer-clay nanocomposites- clay-enzyme systems- clay-living cells- virus-clay nanocomposites

    Bio-hybrid clay materials

    Clay particle

    enzyme

    Clay particle

    enzyme

    Clay particle

    enzyme

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Bio-polymers Inorganic Solids

    AlginatePectin-Carrageenan

    ChitosanXanthan

    MontmorilloniteSepioliteLaponiteLayered perovskites

    Layered Double Hydroxides(LDH) e.g. [Zn2Al]poly

    saccharides

    proteins GelatinZein

    Bio-nanocomposites in our Group

    phospholipidsPhosphatidyl-

    cholineMontmorilloniteSepiolite

    MontmorilloniteSepiolite

    E. RUIZ-HITZKY, K. ARIGA, Y. LVOV (Editors). Bio-inorganic Hybrid Nanomaterials: Strategies, Syntheses, Characterization and Applications, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2007

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Sepiolite-chitosan

    5 m

    M. Darder, P. Aranda, E. Ruiz-Hitzky, Adv. Mater. 19, 13091319 (2007)

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Development of an electronic tongue

    Electrodes: ion-selective electrode (ISE) for calcium conductivity cell pH half-cell electrode homemade sensor based on a

    biopolymer-clay nanocomposite

    Application of this multisensorsystem for the efficient qualitative analysis of aqueous ionic complex liquids, such as nutrient solutions employed in soilless cultures.

    Darder et al. Sensors & Actuators B, 135 530536 (2009)

    Pioneering use of Case-Based Reasoning(CBR) as pattern recognition tool (Artificial Intelligence)

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Bionano-compositesepiolite-chitosan

    Bio-inspired cellular materials

    M. Darder, P. Aranda, E. Ruiz-Hitzky Bionanocomposites: a new concept of ecological, bioinspired and functional hybrid materials Adv. Mater. 19, 1309-1319 (2007)

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Bio-inspired cellular materials

    MATERIALS BASED ON COMPOSITE FOAMS MADE OF NATURAL COMPONENTS

    FIRE RESISTANT, BIOCOMPATIBLE AND BIODEGRADABLE INSULATING composite foams have been developed by the assembling of a biopolymer matrix withparticles of silicates belonging to the groupof fibrous clays (sepiolite and palygorskite). These low-density materials are fireresistant, biocompatible andbiodegradable, showing mechanicalproperties suitable for diverse andwidespread applications: acoustical andthermal insulationOther applications: food packaging andsupport for solids with electrical, magneticor optical properties, and drugs andbiological species. Tissue engineering.

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Ultra-lightweight bionanocomposites from sepiolite assembled with polysaccharides and proteins

    Bio-inspired cellular materials

    E. Ruiz-Hitzky, P. Aranda, M. Darder, F.M. Moreira Martins, Fernandes, C.R. Santos Matos, Spanish Patent P. 200900104 (14/01/2009)

    E. Ruiz-Hitzky, P. Aranda, M. Darder, A.C. Santos de Alcntara, Spanish PatentP. 200930326 (17/06/2009)

    Mechanically resistantFlame retardantpropertiesElectrical, thermal andsound insulatingpropertiesBiocompatibleAparent density

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    The xanthan-sepiolite bio-nanocomposites are able to assemble Influenza viral particles with a homogeneous distribution on the modified fibres.

    E. Ruiz-Hitzky, M. Darder, P. Aranda, M. . Martn del Burgo, G. del Real , Advanced Materials, 21, 4167-4171, 2009

    Virus-sepiolite bionanocomposites

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Virus-clay bionanocomposites

    Bionanocomposites can act as supports of Influenza viruses, in which viruses still exhibit bioactivity.

    These materials can be used as novel adjuvants useful as Influenza vaccines.

    The presence of specific sialicacid receptors could be applied for selective detection of viruses.

    This new approach can tentatively be applied to similar systems for immobilizing other viruses (HIV,..)

    E. Ruiz-Hitzky, M. Darder, P. Aranda, M. . Martn del Burgo,G. del Real Adv. Mater. 21, 4167-4171, 2009

  • 2010 MICINN-JST Workshop Barcelona, 10 March 2010

    Inorganic-inorganic Nanocomposites Inorganic-inorganic Nanocomposites

    TiO2 nanoparticles

    sepiolite microfibers

    TiO2 nanoparticles

    sepiolite microfibers

    organoarcilla

    Si Si

    OH

    O

    SiO

    OH

    OSi Si

    OH

    O

    SiO

    OH

    O

    Si Si

    SiO

    OH

    OH

    O

    OSi Si

    SiO

    OH

    OH

    O

    O

    Si Si

    OH

    O

    SiO

    OH

    OSi Si

    OH

    O

    SiO

    OH

    O

    Si Si

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