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Infinite SpreadsheetValuation Standard Based on Solution of ValueA Non-violable Law of Nature in Social Sciencehttp://infinitespreadsheet.com (free demo)

Hugh Ching Post-Science Institute 2015http://www.post-science.com

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About the Author

Hugh Ching (http://hughching.com) founded post-science with support from Ta-You Wu, T. L. Kunii, C. V. Ramamoorthy, and Lotfi A. Zadeh.

The mission of post-science is to find, with the solutions of touch, value, and software, the direction of knowledge for the next 2000 years.

Hugh Ching has lower the age of the students of his solutions of touch, value, and software to 6.

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Overview The Infinite Spreadsheet answers the

three basic questions, which all businessmen and economists try to avoid:

(1) What is the price? (2) How to solve the financial crisis? (3) How to set the interest rate (or to

calculate the rate of return)?

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The Goal of Post-Science The goal of post-science is to find the solution to

(1) financial crises, (2) complexity crises, and (3) permanent life with infinite, not finite, planning.

The solution to financial crisis is the post-science solution of value, e. g. the Infinite Spreadsheet, which establishes economic equilibrium among all the factors extending to infinite time and space.

The solution of complexity crises is the post-science solution of complete automation.

The solution of permanent life is DNA.

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Knowledge for Next 2000 Years Age of Social Science (2000 - 2500): Non-violable

laws of nature in social science, e. g. the Infinite Spreadsheet, will replace all man-made laws.

Age of Life Science (2500 – 3000): The solution of complete automation will be the foundation of life and computer sciences.

Age of Robotics (3000 – 3500): Self-Manufactured General Purpose Robots with the ability of touch will replace all human physical labors.

Age of Self-Creation (3500 – 4000): From our own self-creation, we will understand the meaning of life and the purpose of existence.

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Knowledge for Next Decade The most important knowledge progress for

the next decade will be the recognition of the existence of Non-violable Laws of Nature in Social Science.

Solving the financial crisis will be the most important development in next 100 years.

The solution to financial crises is the solution of value (e. g. the Infinite Spreadsheet), which is a non-violable law in social science.

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Foundation of Social Science

Social science deals with reality, which is infinite in time and space.

Since infinity can never be reached, problems involving infinity can never be empirical verification.

The acceptance of a solutions in social science is based on mathematical verification within a fuzzy range of tolerance.

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Introduction The Infinite Spreadsheet establishes

socioeconomic equilibrium among all the factors affecting a value, price or decision, extending to infinity in time and space.

Being mathematically rigorous, the Infinite Spreadsheet is a non-violable law of nature in social science and, therefore, should be observed in all decision-making by all individuals and governments within the fuzzy limit of tolerance.

THE MARKET IS NOT FREE.

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Historical Significance (1of 6) The solution of value was conceived in 1972. The solution helped dominate the commercial

real estate brokerage in the San Francisco East Bay in the 1970s.

The solution was on CompuServe in the 1980s and dominated investment analysis.

The solution predicted publicly the US Savings and Loan Crisis in 1984 by detecting the overvaluation of the real estate market.

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Historical Significance (2of 6) The Knowledge Team led by Hugh Ching,

William N. Kinnard, Jr., Tom and Mary Dum, James Mason, and other appraisal authorities endorsed the Infinite Spreadsheet as the solution to the Savings and Loan Crisis.

The Political Team led by Fed Chairman Alan Greenspan, who is backed by Milton Friedman, endorsed the Free Market.

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Historical Significance (3of 6) The solution to the US Savings and Loan

Crisis was the passing of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 (FIRREA).

FIRREA of 1989 endorses the market comparison method of appraisal, which had caused the Crisis by keeping the price rigid.

FIRREA of 1989 contributed to the 2007 Subprime Woe, an order of magnitude more severe than the Savings and Loan Crisis.

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Historical Significance (4of 6) Hugh Ching warned Fed Chairman Ben S.

Bernanke in June of 2006 that the interest rate should be lowered. Bernanke instead raised the Fed rate another quarter point to 5.25%.

The Subprime Woe flared up in 2007 and Bernanke apologized to Ching in 2008.

Out of about 100 public comments on toxic assets, the US Treasury displayed 6, and out of the 6, all 3 comments of Ching were displayed.

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Historical Significance (5of 6) On the intellectual side, Hugh Ching warned

the Assistant Director of the National Science Foundation Mary Clutter the pending Savings and Loan Crisis in 1984.

Ching communicated with Gerard Debreu and Kenneth Arrow in the 1990s on the problem of value in Theory of Value of Debreu.

Arrow questioned the correctness of the discounted cash flow calculation on page 34.

The Infinite Spreadsheet is the correct solution.

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Historical Significance (6of 6) The 2013 Nobel Economic Prize was given to

Eugene Fama, Lars Peter Hansen and Robert Shiller, who contributed to the Subprime Woe by supporting the market comparison method.

The 2014 Nobel Economic Prize was given to Jean Tirole, who endorses the Free Market.

The market is not free because it is regulated by non-violable laws of nature in social science, which will invalidate all man-made laws not based on laws of nature.

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Future Significance (1 of 3) The chronicle financial crises have demonstrated

the disequilibria in the Free Market. The solution of value has demonstrated that it can

predict and prevent financial crises by keeping the economy in equilibrium.

The question facing the society in the future is: To Plan or Not to Plan?

The solution should be Infinite Planning by all the private and public market participants.

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Future Significance (2of 3) All data outside of science are fuzzy. The Fuzzy Exact Solution should replaces the

Exact Solution as the ultimate solution in mathematics.

The Infinite Spreadsheet can be expanded into the Fuzzy Infinite Spreadsheet, where single value in each cell is replaced by a range of value, reflecting the range of tolerance.

The range of tolerance can only be determined with the availability of the Infinite Spreadsheet.

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Future Significance (3of 3) The range of tolerance of a product or a

creation is the basis of freedom or free will. A fuzzy human has freedom, and an exact

robot has no freedom. In order to extend the range of tolerance of

a living thing, multi-cellular design provides the ultimate fault tolerance.

The multi-cellular design causes the human, thus, social and life sciences to be fuzzy.

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Bubble Equation Bubble = Market Value – Intrinsic Value

Market Value is obtained from the market price.

Intrinsic Value is calculated based on expected future cash flows: $Cash Return = Sum of Cash Flows + Cash From Resale

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Interest Rule Rate of Return > Interest Rate > Inflation

Rate of Return is calculated based on the sale price using the Infinite Spreadsheet, a deterministic valuation system based on the solution of value.

http://www.infinitespreadsheet.com/verify.htm

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Application of Interest Rule Application of the Interest Rule to the

Subprime Woe: The Cause of the Subprime Woe:

Interest Rate > Rate of Return The Solution to the Subprime Woe:

Lower the Interest Rate The above Solution was recommended to

the Federal Reserve Board and applied with success.

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Cause and Cure of Financial Crisis CAUSE: Rapid Rise of Fed Funds Rate

Causing a Real Estate Bubble.

CURE: Correct Calculation of Intrinsic Value to Detect Bubble.

Graph: Market Price vs. Intrinsic Price:

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Complete Valuation Package Best Practice of Real Estate Appraisal

1. Use Google Spreadsheet to collect all the inputs,

2. Use the Infinite Spreadsheet to calculate the price, and

3. Use Google Spreadsheet to display the outputs.

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Strategy World-Wide Valuation Standard

1. Debate of Free Market versus Infinite Planning.

2. Demonstrate to governments the non-violable law.

3. Develop completely automated Valuation Package.

4. Valuate and auto-recalculate all real estates on earth.

5. Expand to stock http://123iss.com and others.

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Implementation Demonstration on the Internet:

http://infinitespreadsheet.com (Full System) http://123is.com (For Real Estate Valuation) http://123iss.com (For Stock Rate of Return) Foxconn Cloud Information Provider Textbook Business published at Tsing Hua U.

Press Decision Center using the IS Desktop System

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Infinite Spreadsheet Valuation Income or fee (non-exclusive – exclusive) $20,000-

200,000; 40, 000-400,000; 80,000-800,000; 160,000-1,600,000; 320,000-3,200,000; 180%; 160%; 140%; 120%; 110% to infinity (100%, 100%, 100%, 100%, 80%, 60%, 40%, 20%, 10% to infinity) Fuzzy Infinite Spreadsheet

40% rate of return 4 yrs. for current and resale Price 2014 for Cloud Computing: $1,000,000non-

exclusive-$10,000,000exclusive

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Growth Plan $500,000 investment for 5% of the company

in 2015-2016 based on $10,000,000 valuation. The first round should push up valuation to

$100,000,000. $5,000,000 investment for 5% of the company

in 2017-2018. The second round should allow the Infinite

Spreadsheet to capture international valuation standard and push valuation to $Billions.

The ultimate goal is $Trillion market cap.

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Conclusion (1 of 5)

The Age of Science was initiated with the realization of the existence of non-violable laws of nature in science.

The Age of Social Science will start with the realization of the existence of non-violable laws of nature in social science.

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Conclusion (2 of 5)

Non-violable laws of nature in social science is empirically verified by the chronicle financial crises and the theoretical predictions of the Savings and Loan Crisis and the Subprime Woe with the Infinite Spreadsheet (http://123is.com), which is mathematically rigorous and, therefore, non-violable.

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Conclusion (3 of 5) Financial crises will continue to occur without

the price being stabilized by the Infinite Spreadsheet. The price would be unstable when analyzed by a finite spreadsheet. The equation of Cash Return can be written as

Cash Return = Sum of Cash Flows + Cash from Resale

In a finite spreadsheet, the price can be arbitrarily justified by the Cash from Resale.

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Conclusion (4 of 5) The Price, overvaluation, and undervaluation

are driven by the Finite Spreadsheet Instability. Financial crises will always occur if not

checked by the Infinite Spreadsheet. The spatial dependence based on the supply and

demand model is stable. A graph depicting the Price vs. the Quantity and

a third axis of the price calculated by the Infinite Spreadsheet is a three dimensional saddle.

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Conclusion (5 of 5) The coming Age of Social Science will be

brought about mainly by three thinkers, Gerard Debreu, whose introduces formally the infinite nature of reality, Hugh Ching, who introduces the concept of Non-violable Laws of Nature in Social Science as an extension of the Non-violable Laws in Science, and Lotfi Zadeh, who introduces the fuzzy nature of reality and points out that the Laws in social science are fuzzy.