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Industrial Policy Programme and Industrial Competitiveness Report Findings. Andrea Antonelli – UNIDO Dar es Salaam Brian McCrohan – UNIDO Consultant Falecia Massacky – Industrial Intelligence Group. Presentation to DPG-PSD Tuesday, 11 th December 2012. Presentation Outline. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Andrea Antonelli UNIDO Dar es SalaamBrian McCrohan UNIDO ConsultantFalecia Massacky Industrial Intelligence GroupIndustrial Policy Programme and Industrial Competitiveness Report FindingsPresentation to DPG-PSD Tuesday, 11th December 2012 *

  • Presentation OutlineBackground UNIDO Industrial Policy Programme (IPP)The Tanzania Industrial Competitiveness Report (TICR) and main findings Selected theoretical questions and answers from TICR for discussion with the PSD GroupSelected Policy RecommendationsConclusions/discussions*

  • UNIDO IPP: Background The Tanzania Industrial Competitiveness Report (TICR) is an important output of the UNIDO Industrial Policy Programme (IPP), part of the UNIDO Country Programme aligned with UNDAP (2011-2015)IPP contributing to UNDAP Outcome 1 Cluster I: Key national institutions develop/enhance evidence-based pro-poor economic development policies and strategiesObjective: The IPP aims at Building institutional capacities for industrial policy design, implementation, monitoring and evaluationRationale: Weak institutional capacity, lack of information and poor sector dialogue lead to often flawed policy choices

    *

  • UNIDO IPP/CP and GoT Plans*MKUKUTA II MKUZA II (NGRSP) 2010/11-2014/15

  • IPP: The Approach*

  • IPP: Planned Tangible DeliverablesNational implementation/competitiveness intelligence unit set and trained at MITPublication of key analytical inputs for industrial policy making, including the TICR, Sectoral Competitiveness and Value Chain Studies, Policy Briefs and Assessment of Business Environment for Industrial Activity (e.g. transactions costs)Industrial observatory (UNIDOs Industrial Competitiveness Intelligence System), if funds allow Review of Industrial Strategy/Policy if neededRevised IIDS Action Plan/Implementation Roadmap*

  • TICR 2012: background, objectivesThe report was a collaborative effort by UNIDO trainees under guidance. The contributions came from: MIT, POPC, UDSM, ZMTIM, REPOA, STIPRO and university graduatesThe report seeks to provide a quantitative background on the current competitiveness of Tanzanian industryTICR aims at facilitating the policy process from planning to implementationThe report does not look at the hard solutions but seeks to affect the political environment and institutional framework Challenges to industrial development are exploredPolicy recommendations are outlined for industrialization*

  • Key Findings on industrial CompetitivenessIndustry in Tanzania remains quite limited and concentrated in few sectors and regions.

    Tanzanias MVA has grown significantly in the last decade (above 8 percent per year) but the industrial base of Tanzania remains one of the lowest in the world (MVA per capita of only US$ 44).Manufacturing Exports Performance has been very high but has been driven by resource based products (metals, minerals) and has not had the desired benefit for MVA and other linkages to the economy.

    There has been little structural change within the industry- The growing economy is not translated into equitable growth, job creation and poverty reduction.*

  • Selected Questions on market potential for Tanzania manufactured products

    Can Tanzania promote real economic growth from the value addition of the resource based products?What are the key products and market opportunities that Tanzania has? Is trade integration really a strategic direction for Tanzania?*

  • Structure of manufactured exports by technology classification for Tanzania and comparators, 2010*

  • Resource-based Industrialization *

  • Substituting manufactured imports from where?*

  • Other Questions Raised

    Can Tanzania promote real economic growth from the value addition of the resource based products?

    What are the key products and market opportunities that we have?

    Is trade integration really a strategic direction for Tanzania?*

  • Step-wise market exploitation*

  • Markets for manufactured products in Tanzanias landlocked neighbours, 2000-2010*

  • Tanzanias share in selected global emerging markets for manufactures, 2000-2010*

  • Markets for Tanzanias top-10 resource-based manufactured exports, 2010*

  • Other Questions Raised

    Can Tanzania promote real economic growth from the value addition of the resource based products?

    What are the key products and market opportunities that we have?

    Is trade integration really a strategic direction for Tanzania?*

  • Regional IntegrationRI can act as a trigger for industrial development through enhanced openness intra-regional tradeRI can foster competition, give access to wider markets, help diversify investment and productionWhat has Regional Integration done for Tanzanian industry?

    *

  • Regional Integration*

  • Strong regional competitors: KNY & SA*

  • Market growth and Tanzanias presence in EAC & SADC markets for manufactured products 2000-2010*

  • POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS*

  • Policy Recommendations The emergence of a competitive manufacturing sector involves short-medium and long term strategies:Short-term: involves a gradual shift from the current niche status of manufacturing towards increased value addition in agro-processing, accompanied by a rapid expansion of a few existing low-technology, labor intensive activities.Medium-term: manufacturing could be clustered around mineral extraction projects which already exist or are currently in the startup phase, by strengthening forward and backward linkages to relevant manufacturing sectors.Long-term: could eventually witness the emergence of a more diversified and more sophisticated internationally competitive manufacturing sector.*

  • Practical ConceptualizationNeed for good evidence (e.g. industrial intelligence)

    Coherence, Leadership and Coordination at national level

    Consistency at regional/local level (e.g. land issue)

    Skills development through education, science technology and innovation as a long term strategy

    *

    **Structural change, diversification verbally (though little diversification, main manufactured products are among the 20 world most dynamic!)

    *93% of the goods that Tanzania is currentlyimporting are manufactures, suggesting a lack of avivid presence of domestically manufactured products. the goods that Tanzania is currentlyimporting are manufactures, suggesting a lack of avivid presence of domestically manufactured products.*Intra-industry diversification in the short term, inter-industry one in the longer term*

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