Indirect Gasification of Municipal Solid Waste

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Indirect Gasification of Municipal Solid Waste. Team Bravo EleftheriosAvtzis David Garcia Bryan Isles Zack Labaschin Alena Nguyen Mentor Dan Rusinak. Process Review. Indirect gasification of RDF using TBE process Providing Syngas to Team Alpha - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Indirect Gasification of Municipal Solid WasteTeam BravoEleftheriosAvtzisDavid GarciaBryan IslesZack LabaschinAlena Nguyen</p><p>Mentor Dan RusinakChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>Che 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>Process ReviewIndirect gasification of RDF using TBE processProviding Syngas to Team AlphaLocation: Newton County Landfill in Brooke, INEnvironment, Economy and Energy</p><p>Che 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>Indirect GasificationThe TBE process is a three unit, indirect gasification processThe oxidizing agent is steam, therefore no air or ASU is requiredOlivine is cycled between the three units: gasification, combustion and gas conditioning</p><p>Che 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>Engineering SpecificationsChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>Team Alpha SyngasSpecificationPressure725 psiTemperature518FSyngas tons/day6,000H2/CO Ratio2</p><p>Team Bravo SyngasSyngas (tons/day)Max. tons/day from 11,000 tons/day RDF7,000</p><p>Che 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>LocationNewton County Landfill265 AcresRoom for expansionAccess to MSW of South ChicagoTransportationNo river access</p></li><li><p>The Three EsEco-friendly: low NOx, no dioxins and landfill cleanup lowers methaneEconomical: great IRR, get paid to remove trash, provides electricity and steamEnergy: synthesis gas sent to Team Alpha becomes gasoline </p><p>Che 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>PFD - MainChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>Che 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>PFD - MainChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>Che 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>PFD - MainChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>Che 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>PFD TBEChe 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>PFD TBEChe 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>PFD ReformersChe 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>PFD ReformersChe 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>Block Flow DiagramChe 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>TBE: Total Energy BalanceChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>GasifierG.C.R.C.R.BTU/lbmolRDFBTU/lbmolRDFBTU/lbmolRDFCO21,460.07-451.03-CO2-8,286.88--CH4-1,527.77--C2H4-260.37--C2H6---H2S-14.66--NH3-50.52--HCl-16.47--Char---11,171.50TOTALTotal11,303.4-451.03-11,171.50-319.13</p><p>Che 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>Equipment SizingChe 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>Sinks and Loads</p><p>Che 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>Energy out of TurbineAssump. COP=1/5 Btu/hr kW-h/hr kW-h/year $0.07/kW-hr $0.11/kW-h (4,184,916,609) (1,226,180) (9,774,621,003) $(684,223,470) $(1,075,208,310)</p></li><li><p>Capital Investment OverviewChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>Total Installed CostEquipment CostHeat Exchangers$ 2,970,000 $ 495,000 Compressors$ 95,000,000 $ 19,000,000Absorbers$ 949,000 $ 417,000 Strippers$ 695,000 $ 198,000 TBE Process$ 350,000,000$ 50,000,000RDF Processing$ 88,600,000$ 12,660,000Other$ 100,400,000 $ 16,730,000 Total$ 638,600,000 $ 99,500,000 </p></li><li><p>Salaries and FringesChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>Single Shift BasisPersonnelAmnt/ShiftSalary $Benefits $Total/Shift $Process Manager2120,00020,000280,000Chemical Engineer570,00020,000450,000Maintenance Operator1035,00020,000550,000Day BasisPersonnelAmountSalary $Benefits $Total $Process Manager6120,00020,000840,000Chemical Engineer1570,00020,0001,350,000Maintenance Operator3035,00020,0001,650,000Chemists240,00020,000120,000Total$ 3,960,000</p></li><li><p>Rough NPV- Annual/Rev. CostsChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>Annual CostsCostRevenuesCostOperating Costs$101,000,000Syngas$498,225,000Maintenance Costs$19,158,000Others$107,000,000Utilities$88,400,000Total$605,225,000Raw Materials$10,000,000Salaries and Fringes$3,960,000Total$222,518,000</p></li><li><p>Rough NPV- One Time CostsChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>One Time Costs (CI)CostIntrestAspen CI$93,000,0008.00%TBE$350,000,000P/ARDF Processing$88,600,0009.818Others$107,000,000TaxTotal$638,600,00040%Rough NPV$1,871,290,396</p></li><li><p>Economic OverviewChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>Year01581520Capital Cost-$638,600,000Revenues6000 tons/dayat $250/ton$498,225,000$539,294,763$572,303,917$657,397,307$725,819,746Others$107,000,000$120,429,443$131,596,504$161,847,101$187,625,148ExpensesUtilitiesLoan Expense$38,316,000$33,759,385$29,572,949$16,426,634$3,151,475Total Annual Cost$88,400,000$99,494,979$108,720,850$133,712,932$155,009,935Operating Costs$101,000,000$113,676,390$124,217,260$152,771,562$177,104,111Depreciation$9,274,140$9,274,140$9,274,140$9,274,140$9,274,140Salaries and Fringes$3,960,000$4,457,015$4,870,301$5,989,855$6,943,884Maintenance3% of cap cost$19,158,000$20,737,235$22,006,520$25,278,574$27,909,588Raw Materials$10,000,000$10,824,322$11,486,857$13,194,788$14,568,112Total Expenses$270,108,140$292,223,465$310,148,877$356,648,485$393,961,246Income before Taxes$335,116,860$367,500,740$393,751,544$462,595,922$519,483,649Taxes, 40%$134,046,744$147,000,296$157,500,617$185,038,369$207,793,459Income After Taxes$201,070,116$220,500,444$236,250,926$277,557,553$311,690,189Add Back Depreciation$9,274,140$9,274,140$9,274,140$9,274,140$9,274,140Cash Flow From Operations-$638,600,000$210,344,256$229,774,584$245,525,066$286,831,693$320,964,329Cumulative Cash Flow$210,344,256$1,099,764,185$1,820,351,781$3,700,345,024$5,235,181,714Payback of 8 yrsNPV$1,659,988,954IRR35.05Interest8.00%</p></li><li><p>Economic Sensitivity AnalysisChe 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>Report Outline</p><p>Che 397 - Team BravoExecutive Summary - DoneDiscussion - IPRecommendations - IPAppendices - IPDesign Basis - DoneBlock Flow Diagram - DoneProcess Flow Diagram - IPMaterial and Energy Balance - DoneCalculations - DoneAnnotated Equipment List - IPEconomic Evaluation - IPUtilities - IPConceptual Control Scheme - IPGeneral Layout of Major Equipment - IPDistribution and End-Use Issue Review - IPConstraints Review - IPApplicable Standards - IPProject Communications File - IPInformation Sources and References - IP</p></li><li><p>References</p><p>Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to Liquid Fuels Synthesis, Volume 1: Availability of Feedstock and Technology (PNNL-18144)Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to Liquid Fuels Synthesis, Volume 2: A Techno-economic Evaluation of the Production of Mixed Alcohols (PNNL-18482)www.taylorbiomassenergy.com - TBE www.rentechinc.com RentechEngineering ToolboxHeats of formation: http://cccbdb.nist.gov/hf0k.aspMunicipal Solid waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2008 EPAHigman, Christopher and van derBurgt, Maarten. Gasification 2nd Edition. Gulf Professional Publishing. Oxford, 2008.Paisley, Mark A., Corley, Ralph N. and Dayton, David C. Advanced Biomass Gasification for the Economical Production of Biopower, Fuels, and Hydrogen. Taylor Biomass Energy</p></li><li><p>Back up: Ash Material BalanceChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>PETorganicwood (treated)wood (untreated)wood (demo)leatherTotalswt %0.02860.86780.68780.005520.38590.41371.000ash (tons/day)3.161495.6675.820.609042.5445.61263.41</p><p>Che 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>Backup: Economic Sens. AnalysisChe 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>Aspen FlowsheetChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>Che 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>Aspen FlowsheetChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>Che 397 - Team Bravo</p></li><li><p>Aspen FlowsheetChe 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>Che 397 - Team Bravo</p><p>***Explain how we plan to get Syngas to team alpha**</p></li></ul>

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