indian railways: vision railways: vision 2020

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  • Government of IndiaMinistry of Railways

    (Railway Board)December, 2009

    INDIAN RAILWAYSVISION 2020

  • Government of IndiaMinistry of Railways

    (Railway Board)December, 2009

    INDIAN RAILWAYSVISION 2020

  • i

    Government of IndiaMinistry of Railways

    (Railway Board)

    STATEMENT BY MINISTER OF RAILWAYS ON VISION 2020

    In the month of July 2009, I had promised the Hon'ble Members that I would present a document which will

    capture the Vision 2020 of the Indian Railways. I take pleasure in presenting this important document in

    Parliament, as promised.

    When I was the Railway Minister last time (1999-2001), Indian Railways was the second largest railway network

    under a single management in the world in terms of route length, after the Russian Railways. It has now slipped to

    the third position.

    in the subsequent decades not just in size, but in every other significant

    respect.

    VISION 2020 will address four strategic national goals:

    Inclusive development, both geographically and socially;

    Strengthening national integration;

    Large-scale generation of productive employment; and

    Environmental sustainability.

    The Indian Railways' contribution to national integration has been unparalleled. It has knit India together by

    connecting all the regions, and almost all the states, in a single transport network. It has always played a unique

    role in meeting the transportation needs of the common man, while simultaneously serving as a critical

    infrastructure facilitator for the carriage of goods. In the coming decade, it will continue to keep its service focus

    on the underprivileged and the poor, even as it expands its services for the more fortunate.

    The Indian Railways has been playing this role in the past, but not

    fully. Our Vision is to deepen and broaden this agenda of inclusive and integrative growth and to take it to new

    heights.

    Our Vision is to put it on the road to regain the Number Two position in the coming decade and

    thereafter gain the Number One position

    It will cater to the

    needs of the people across geographies and income strata as well as ethnic, religious and social diversities. It will

    better connect centres of commerce and industry, places of pilgrimage, historical sites, and tourist attractions, as

    also ports to hinterland. Railways also must reach the remote and underserved areas of the country to bring them

    into the national mainstream of development.

    n

    n

    n

    n

    RAILWAYS AS A VEHICLE OF INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT AND

    NATIONAL INTEGRATION

  • i

    Government of IndiaMinistry of Railways

    (Railway Board)

    STATEMENT BY MINISTER OF RAILWAYS ON VISION 2020

    In the month of July 2009, I had promised the Hon'ble Members that I would present a document which will

    capture the Vision 2020 of the Indian Railways. I take pleasure in presenting this important document in

    Parliament, as promised.

    When I was the Railway Minister last time (1999-2001), Indian Railways was the second largest railway network

    under a single management in the world in terms of route length, after the Russian Railways. It has now slipped to

    the third position.

    in the subsequent decades not just in size, but in every other significant

    respect.

    VISION 2020 will address four strategic national goals:

    Inclusive development, both geographically and socially;

    Strengthening national integration;

    Large-scale generation of productive employment; and

    Environmental sustainability.

    The Indian Railways' contribution to national integration has been unparalleled. It has knit India together by

    connecting all the regions, and almost all the states, in a single transport network. It has always played a unique

    role in meeting the transportation needs of the common man, while simultaneously serving as a critical

    infrastructure facilitator for the carriage of goods. In the coming decade, it will continue to keep its service focus

    on the underprivileged and the poor, even as it expands its services for the more fortunate.

    The Indian Railways has been playing this role in the past, but not

    fully. Our Vision is to deepen and broaden this agenda of inclusive and integrative growth and to take it to new

    heights.

    Our Vision is to put it on the road to regain the Number Two position in the coming decade and

    thereafter gain the Number One position

    It will cater to the

    needs of the people across geographies and income strata as well as ethnic, religious and social diversities. It will

    better connect centres of commerce and industry, places of pilgrimage, historical sites, and tourist attractions, as

    also ports to hinterland. Railways also must reach the remote and underserved areas of the country to bring them

    into the national mainstream of development.

    n

    n

    n

    n

    RAILWAYS AS A VEHICLE OF INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT AND

    NATIONAL INTEGRATION

  • ii

    Government of IndiaMinistry of Railways

    (Railway Board)

    iii

    Government of IndiaMinistry of Railways

    (Railway Board)

    RAILWAYS AS A CATALYST OF CREATION OF LARGE-SCALE

    EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

    RAILWAYS AS A PROMOTER OF ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE

    DEVELOPMENT

    1. LEAPFROGGING TO A HIGHER GROWTH TRAJECTORY

    Vision 2020 addresses one of the biggest development challenges of contemporary India, namely, Growth with

    Jobs and not Jobless Growth. Productive employment opportunities must be created for all able-bodied Indians,

    especially for our youth and preferably in their own habitats. By pursuing bold and unprecedented, ambitious

    targets in the much-needed expansion and modernization of the railway network in India, Vision 2020 aims at

    considerably enhancing the Indian Railways' contribution to the national goal of achieving double-digit GDP

    growth rate on a sustainable basis.

    Vision 2020 also addresses another major development challenge, which is both national and global in nature,

    namely, reducing hazardous carbon emissions that have triggered climate change. So far, there has been

    inadequate recognition of the Railways' contribution towards India's climate protection efforts. Railways are

    more energy-efficient and less polluting than other modes of transport. It uses less land than the road sector.

    The specific targets and measures to achieve the above-mentioned strategic goals are summarized below

    and presented in greater detail in the main document.

    Gross Revenue of the Indian Railways has remained at a level of around 1.2% of India's GDP over the

    last 10 years. Our Vision is to take it to 3% in the next 10 years.

    India's GDP is expected to exceed US$ 2 trillion (Rs. 90 lakh crore) by the year 2020. With GDP at this

    level, Indian Railways has the potential to grow to around Rs.2,70,000 crore of revenue from around 1Rs. 90,000 crore at present .

    It will accelerate economic growth, open up new avenues for

    employment in the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors and also promote geographically and

    socially balanced growth.

    By

    carrying more people and goods than other modes of transport, Railways can help protect the

    environment while promoting balanced development. Therefore, I believe that Indian Railways can be

    India's principal and foremost response to the challenge of Climate Change.

    To realize this potential, the Indian Railways must achieve annual

    growth of 10% over the next 10 years by developing a sharper commercial focus with a strong

    social commitment.

    Realisation of this potential calls for a quantum jump in every dimension,

    It also calls for shunning the 'business as usual' mode

    of functioning in favour of an organization-wide mindset that is ready to accept bold and innovative ideas

    at all levels.

    The route network of Indian Railways has expanded very slowly in the past. In 1947, Indian Railways

    inherited 53,996 of route kms of rail network and today we stand at 64,099 kms -

    We have to

    While doubling of lines, gauge conversions, electrification and many

    other positive things did happen during the last six decades, the overall expansion of the Indian Railways

    to areas it did not serve earlier has been unacceptably slow.

    Therefore, the

    Of this, at least 10,000 kms

    would be socially desirable lines regardless of their economic viability in the short run. This will, of course,

    include the completion of the backlog of 11,985 kms of lines already sanctioned.

    This programme would specifically aim at improving the connectivity to our far-flung areas such as

    Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, and all the States in the North-East, namely,

    Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, Tripura, Manipur, Meghalaya and Sikkim. We also

    must not forget smaller States and Union Territories and large districts unconnected by the railways

    today.

    The ambitious goals of growth cannot be achieved without creating adequate capacity in the Indian

    Railway's network. The Vision aims at

    (compared to around 18,000

    kms today). Of this,

    . This shall include Delhi-

    Kolkata, Delhi-Mumbai, Kolkata-Mumbai and Delhi-Chennai routes on which Dedicated Freight

    Corridors would come.

    on these segregated routes and, similarly, maximum speed of

    breaking away fro