Indian railway final report
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ELECTRICAL COACHING DEPARTMENT
COACH CARE CENTRE HAZARAT NIZAMUDDIN
SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT
FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE OF
BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
Electrical & Electronics Engineering
Under the Supervision of SSE Mr. SHIV KUMAR
HMR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLGY AND MANAGEMENT
Plot No. 370, Hamidpur, Delhi Pin code 110036
I hereby declare that all the work presented in this report in the partial fulfillment of
the requirement for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Technology in Electrical
& Electronics Engineering, HMR Institute of Technology and Management, Guru
Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi, is an authentic record of the work done
during the Industrial Internship carried out in Northern Railway under the guidance
of Mr. Shiv Kumar.
I am very much grateful to the authority of the organization for taking initiative for the industrial training to upgrade my knowledge by placing me at Northern Railway (Chg. Depot/HNZM). I owe many thanks to several people who helped and supported me during this training.
I wish to express my gratitude to the officials and other members of Northern Railway who rendered their help during the period of my training.
I express my sincere thanks to SSE/Chg./HNZM Mr. SHIV KUMAR, who through her
expert guidance helped me throughout the course of this training. If it was not her
motivation and encouragement, I would not have seen through this training course
in an honest course to the splendor of success.
(Electrical& Electronics Engineering)
HMR Institute Of Technology & Management
4. INDIAN RAILWAYS
5. TRAIN LIGHTING
Rectifier Cum Regulator Unit(RRU)
6. POWER HOUSE
Alarm/Hooter System(Buccholz Relay)
Oil Circuit Breaker
Air Circuit Breaker
7. THE RAJDHANI EXPRESS
Power Scheme In Rajdhani Express
Disconnecting & Earthing Device
Air Conditioning System
1. INDIAN RAILWAY
Indian Railway is the state-owned railway company of India, which owns and operates most of the country's rail transport. It is overseen by the Ministry of Railways of the Government of India.
Indian Railways has one of the largest and busiest rail networks in the world, transporting over 18 million passengers and more than 2 million tons of freight daily. It is the world's largest commercial or utility employer, with more than 1.4 million employees. The railways traverse the length and breadth of the country, covering 6,909 stations over a total route length of more than 63,327 kilometers (39,350 mi). As to rolling stock, IR owns over 200,000 (freight) wagons, 50,000 coaches and 8,000 locomotives.
By 1947, the year of India's independence, there were forty-two rail systems. In 1951 the systems were nationalized as one unit, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. IR operates both long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad, metre and narrow gauges. It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities.
INDIAN RAILWAY HISTORY
First railway system in India was proposed in 1832 in Madras but it
never materialized. In the 1840s, other proposals were forwarded to the British
East India Company who governed India at that time. The Governor-General of
India at that time, Lord Hardinge deliberated on the proposal from the
commercial, military and political viewpoints. He came to the conclusion that the
East India Company should assist major companies from England and private
capitalists who sought to setup a rail system in India, regardless of the
commercial viability of their project.
On September 22nd, 1842, British civil engineer C.B. Vignoles, FRS, submitted
a Report on a Proposed Railway in India to the East India Company. By 1845, two
companies, the East Indian Railway Company (EIR) operating from Calcutta, and
the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIPR) operating from Bombay, were formed.
The first train in India was not a passenger train and was operational on 1851-12-
22, used for the hauling of construction material in Roorkee. A few years later, on
1853-04-16,the first passenger train between Bori Bunder, Bombay and Thana
covering a distance of 34 km (21 miles) was inaugurated, formally heralding the
birth of railways in India. Prior to this there was in 1832 a proposal to build a
railroad between Madras and Bangalore and in 1836 a survey was conducted for
After the first passenger train run between thane and bori bander, almost six
years later, on March 3, 1859, the first Railway Line in North India was laid
between Allahabad and Kanpur. This was followed, in 1889, by the Delhi-Ambala
The North eastern Railway was developed rapidly after that. On October 19,
1875, the train between Hathras Road and Mathura Cantonment was started
running. By the winter of 1880-81, the Kanpur-Farukhabad line became
operational and further east, the Dibrugarh-Dinjan line became operational on
August 15, 1882.
Developments were fast and effective in South India also. The Madras
Railway Company opened the first railway line between Veyasarpaudy and the
Walajah Road on July 1, 1856. This 63-mile line was the first section, which
eventually joined Madras and the west coast. On March 3, 1859, a length of 119
miles was laid from Allahabad to Kanpur. Later In 1862, the railway line between
Amritsar and Attari was constructed on the Amritsar-Lahore route.
In 1900, the Great Indian peninsular Railways became a government owned
company. The network spread to modern day states of Assam, Rajasthan and
Andhra Pradesh and soon various independent kingdoms began to have their own
rail systems. In 1901, an early Railway Board was constituted, but the powers
were formally invested under Lord Curzon. It served under the Department of
Commerce and Industry and had a government railway official serving as
chairman, and a railway manager from England and an agent of one of the
company railways as the other two members. For the first time in its history, the
Railways began to make a profit.
In 1907 almost all the rail companies were taken over by the government. The
following year, the first electric locomotive made its appearance. With the arrival
of World War I, the railways were used to meet the needs of the British outside
India. With the end of the war, the state of the railways was in disrepair and
Indian Railway provided an example of the British Empire pouring its money and
expertise into a very well built system basically designed for military reasons (after
the Mutiny of 1857), and with the hope that it would stimulate industry. The system
was overbuilt and much too elaborate and expensive for the small amount of
freight traffic it carried. However, it did capture the imagination of the Indians, who
saw their railways as the symbol of an industrial modernitybut one that was not
realized until a century or so later.
The British built a superb system in India. However, Christensen
(1996) looks at of colonial purpose, local needs, capital, service, and private-
versus-public interests. He concludes that making the railways a creature of the
state hindered success because railway expenses had