Indian railway and tourism

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Indian railways

Indian railways, a monopoly in the market.

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Journey from mid-nineteenth to 21st century.

1853 to 2015.

From steam locomotives to electric locomotives.

From the rail network of 21 miles to 71,000 miles.

From booking to e- booking..

Indian railways history..

Concept of railways came from London

First railway built by Great Indian Peninsula Railways.

First train was started in 1853 between Bombay and Thane.

From 1870 it became possible to travel directly from Bombay to Calcutta.

By 1895 India had started to build its own locomotives.

In 1900, the great Indian peninsula became a government owned company.

In 1905, a railway board was constituted served under the department of commerce and industry.

During this period, railway first time began to make a profit.

1908 , the first electric locomotive came in light.

By 1920, network expanded to 61,220km & a need for central management was desired.

And based on the East India Railway Committee, the government took over the management of railways

Indian Railway in present.

A public sector undertaking operated by government of India through ministry of railways.

Headquartered in New Delhi.

Served India and limited service to Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan.

Provide passenger railways , freight services , parcel carrier, catering & tourism services & other.

Having railway network of 115,000km.

Have 17 railway zones.

7,172 stations

Carry more than 13 million passenger and 1.3 million tones of freight daily.

Worlds seventh largest employer employed over 1.3 million employees.

Hold over 239,281 freight wagons , 62,924 passenger coaches and 9,013 locomotives.

It runs about 14,300 trains daily`

Many schemes has been launched for the effective functioning of Indian railways

:

National Rail Vikas Yojna -

To complete strategically important projects

To remove the capacity bottlenecks in the critical sections of IR.

To strengthen the rail connectivity to ports

Strengthening of golden quadrilateral to run long-distance trains and freight trains at higher speed of 100.

Steps taken towards safety and security

Safety of 13 million passengers travel daily is of paramount importance.

Number of steps has been taken through the innovative use of technology .

Training has been given to enhance the safety standards.

Railway protection force and the government reserve police is created.

Deployment of women police force has been made for women assistance .

Innovative technology has been used to reduce accidents.

Special Railway Safety Fund(SRSF) to replace the arrears in assets has been done

Distressed bridges, old tracks, signaling system & other safety device will be replaced.

Anti-Collision Device (ACD), developed by Konkan railways is going on to avoid accidents due to collision between trains.

Steps taken to passenger amenities :

A new project has been launched to facilitate computer based unreserved ticketing for unreserved segment of passengers to reduce crowds at booking offices and stations.

Computerized reservation facilities is available at 758 locations covering 96% of total workload of passenger reservation.

Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation , a subsidiary of Indian Railway came to facilitate online ticketing, accommodation availability, passenger status, train schedule etc.

To provide upgraded passenger information and enquiries National Train Enquiry System has been launched.

Interactive voice response system (IVRS) has been equipped at important stations to provide train running position on a current basis.

Freight operations information system are available at 235 locations to computerize the freight operations.

Mobile application has been launched in 2014

Indian railway & tourism.

IR has came with a concept of India Rail Tours .

Exploring India by train is the favorite mode for tourists. IR has launched many trains that link almost every state, city, village.

IR are unstoppable ,be it any day or night & this makes it more reliable and convenient option to explore the country.

Some trains are famous for their magnificence & luxury trains & hill trains are famous world wide.

The hospitality of such trains are equipped with modern facilities and excellent services.

Whether it is east west or north south, india train tour has reach throughout the india.

Some of the tour trains are :

Deccan Odyssey

Heritage on Wheels

Royal Rajasthan on Wheels

Maharaja Express

Golden Chariot

Buddhist Special

Hill Trains

As a monopoly, in the market.

Being a monopoly its main aim is to provide the cheapest and convenient mode of passenger as well as frieght transport for both long and suburban traffic.

It has played a vital role in the growth & devlopment of industries as the building of railway network in industrial areas facilite the supplying of raw material and finished goods to the market.

As a monopoly in the market

Although IR progressed a lot, quantitatively & qualitatively both but still there are many issues that need attention.

Some of the issues are :

Safety issues : with the increase in number of passenger and goods, accidents are also increasing . On an average the railway report 20 major collisions & 350 derailment & 80 level crossing accidents in a year & as a result doubts are there in the public mind about safety of rail travels.

Cost and revenue issues :

Just as other public enterprises, IR is also facing a chronic financial crisis. Cost percent is more than the revenue. A report of railway finance shows that the revenue increased at an average rate of 8.7 % against the 9.65% average annual growth in costs. This is because of

- Increase in lease charge.

-Low level of employee productivity.

- Corruption at all level & etc.

Other issues are

Low level of employees working efficiency

Social burden

Cleanliness at railway station

Lack of security arrangement on the railways resulting in theft etc

Political pressure and interference

Etc.

Solution to the issues in indian railways

There is a need for the public-private partnership in this field, that must be regulated by government but along with the private partners.

Proper training and capacity building program is needed to attain a efficient workforce.

Anti corruption policy is required to stop the scam in recruiting employees and railway exam.

Strict Human policies is needed in hiring new employees

Promotion and demotion policy is needed.

Capable and responsible Railway protection force to ensure the safety and security of passengers.

Use of technology and devices to keep check on the activities at station.

Proper sanitation in train as well as at station is required.

Well equipped stations and infrastructure are needed. Like sitting facilities, waiting rooms and so on.

Checking of luggage , metal detectors etc should be there to stop terrorist activity.

Apart from revenues from passenger & freight, there must be other sources for this like leasing trains, locomotive to other countries.

Co-ordination between RPF & railway authority.

Carry out research & development is required in this field.

Railways should be ahead of technical developments.

Should adopt foreign technology that suits Indian conditions.

Conclusion

The Indian Railway is one and a half century years old & are to be applauded as since then a lot has been done in the field if technology , infrastructure but more is yet to be done. For the better services there is a need to walk along with the present trends . Policy & strategy formulation is quite essential in 21st century to make railways efficient, economical, preferable & environmental mode of transportation.

Thank you

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