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INDIAN HIGHWAYSA REVIEW OF ROAD AND ROAD TRANSPORT DEVELOPMENT
The Indian Roads CongressE-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgemail@example.com
Founded : December 1934IRC Website: www.irc.org.in
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Edited and Published by Shri Vishnu Shankar Prasad on behalf of the Indian Roads Congress (IRC), New Delhi. The responsibility of the contents and the opinions expressed in Indian Highways is exclusively of the author/s concerned. IRC and the Editor disclaim responsibility and liability for any statement of opinion, originality of contents and of any copyright violations by the authors. The opinions expressed in the papers and contents published in the Indian Highways do not necessarily represent the views of the Editor or IRC.
VOLuME 41 NuMbER 2 FEbRuARY 2013 CONTENTS ISSN 0376-7256
6-54 Highlights of 73rd Annual Session held at Coimbatore from 7th to 11th January 2013
55 Issues Related to Forest Clearance for Road and Highway Projects Niraj Sharma, Rajni Dhyani, Sumi Biswas and Anil Singh
76 Output and Performance Based Contracts - An Overview Anil Kumar Sharma
82 Spatial Planning of Hierarchial Road Network Using GIS Based SDSS K-Means Clustering Technique K.M. Lakshmana Rao and K. Jayasree
101-103 Circulars Issued by Ministry
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Consider it pure joy my brothers whenever you face trials of many kinds, because you know that the testing of your faith develops perseverance. Perseverance must finish its works so that you may be mature and complete not lacking anything.
(Quotes from Bible)
Today the road sector is facing challenging situations on many fronts. The road sector strives to provide connectivity to people even in remotest and challenging locations. It is a sector which resembles conviction, commitment, grit & passion. It promotes and helps in creating a just & inclusive society. A complex debatable issue (many may agree with it) - with economic and socio cultural dimensions.
The planning of road projects even though looks very simple, is a highly complex exercise. The intricacies of planning road projects need to be understood in right perspective. Its complexities also to take into account the needed expertise, experience, operational efficiency, meaningful solutions to the existing problems & issues for all the stake-holders, linkage of material/plants & machineries, organizational limitations, etc. The issue like Outcome Oriented Strategies and innovations are normally not given their due place in this sector, may be due to insufficient attention to the training and institutional strengthening approach.
Therefore, need of the hour may be a sustainability strategy in the road sector and setting goals of net positives across its implementation process. Evolving a participatory and collaborative approach may be one of the ways to start with a unique planning concept to identify effective long term win-win-win solutions to all. At time of economic difficulty (as is being experienced globally now), it is generally stated to take/adapt painful decisions. However, using such phrases normally makes people apprehensive and the decisions taken are seen/viewed with a skeptical angle. Why the phrases like practicability derived optimistic/ pragmatism approach based decisions are not propagated to instill a sense of confidence and a feeling of security rather than fear & anxiety in people/industry/investors. It is to mention that practical & pragmatism drives much of the world, however, nothing moves anywhere without a little push. But reluctance to acknowledge this positive approach in the planning process induces stress in the system. One may just like to remember: sincere attempt is more important than the achievements as this route opens the path to the destination.
Qualitatively new approach of precious partnership between planners, policy makers and people for sustainability of cooperation between different stakeholders in the road sector may have its own advantages. This transformation may open multi-dimensional and deeper partnership among all stakeholders. Such privileged strategy allows to form a robust system which may be having the strength to tackle any problem even in the event of severest global economic crisis.
From the Editors Desk
ROAD INFRASTRuCTuRE PLANNING WAY FORWARD
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The wise men have said do not fight the future but works towards continuous improvement to survive and thrive in the times of rapid change. This is true to the road sector as well in the current scenario and it can be achieved through a new planning approach built on the past achievements. The strength and weakness needs to be critically examined without criticizing the achievements and failures but to built upon the strengths and to overcome the failures of the past by introduction of mandatory safety net. This will help in framing the planning and policy on evidence based inputs rather than on empirical approach. Such an approach would make it reasonably certain that planning and policy would nudge society into a certain pattern of behavior. It entails an open mind an ability to listen to society and capacity to engage into inputs received.
Road sector is hardly seen as a Game Changer for an economy. The transformation of an economy from lower income to upper middle income takes many decades. There are countries which have grown very fast with higher GDP growth rate for a few years but only very few countries could sustain the higher GDP growth rate for a decade. If one closely looks into their growth pattern, then one finds that one sector which has fueled these economies is none other than the road sector. In todays scenario like any other fast growing economies, India has to constantly work at meeting the new challenges that arises from both outside and inside the country such as global financial crisis, international oil prices, scarcity of resources, etc. Therefore, road sector may also, like any other sector of the economy, have to perpetually re-evaluate the existing planning and policies so as to constantly change and move on the challenges of faster growth rate.
The current global economic transition demands a visionary approach in the road sector. The planning framework in the road sector needs approach towards preparedness in : short-medium range future, medium range future and medium to long term future. This will help in assessing and assimilating impact of changing investment environment as well as impact of new technologies besides preparing the sector for plausible worst case scenario. Has this sector have the requisite strength to meet the eventualities in 5 years/10 years hence and in 2030? Is this sector is able to contribute effectively towards balanced development of all regions? Is it bringing all regions at par in developmental pedestal? Is this sector is equipped to meet with the challenges of the negative effect of faster growth rate? The recent issue in regard to scarcity of sand for construction of roads is a trivial example. This demand for having a planning framework which allow adapting and evolving a system that ensure either new sources of the material resources or there is enough incentive for innovations in developing the substitutes. However, growth will be hampered unless such institutional adaption and reforms are not thought of. The planning in the road sector demands preparedness towards tackling global environmental risks as well as global economic risks. It should have ability to adapt/or recover from economic and environmental risks, as todays global challenge is for resource and efficient growth based development. The demand for resources is growing faster than the deposits of their reserves and therefore, there is an urgent need to explore innovative solutions to boost efficient practices and minimize unsustainable consumption patterns.
Therefore, new ways of optimizing the resource utilization may be thought of by conducting energy consumption audit, resizing of machinery/equipments, etc. in the road sector instead of resorting
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to austerity measures which puts a break on growth and development. Is the planning process in road sector is conducive for channelizing of resource especially the funds towards their optimal deployment? This can be to some extent can be evaluated by carrying out concurrent technical audit during the entire implementation process of the road project. This may also help in assessing alignment sustainability which may help in conserving the land resources.
How many times the planners in the road sector have considered to generate growth in the economy internally. The capital investment in this sector has a huge potential for generating growth in different segments of the economy. Planning in road sector may be such that it opens up opportunities for investment from other sectors, for other sectors and to other sector of economy as well. This needs a deeper consideration by the planning and policy makers. The essence of ability to see and embrace change will make this sector to stand in a unique manner among the key sectors of the economy. Ho