indian crafts - nextgenias · indian crafts ¾ traditional ... embroidery and dyeing techniques...

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    Traditional Craftsmanship Skill with materials & manual dexterity in

    manipulating tools

    Total operation involves Emotions, mind, body and vibrant rhythm for the

    coordination of crafts

    UserTextboxConsider the following towns of India:Bhadrachalem - Chanderi - Kanchipuram - Karanal Which of the above are famous for the production of traditional sarees/fabric?

  • Preserve certain values indispensable to mankind

    Dignity + creativity symbolizes link with the past

    Most splendid expressions of life in India Hand spun & handloomed cloth

    worn by men, women and children

    Applique, embroidery and dyeing techniques enhance the cloth and woven

    textiles :silk, cotton or woolen fabrics flourished in India

    Contemporary India household shrines handicrafted with metal, stone or

    clay are fashioned by local craftsmen and artisans

  • These living traditions are visible in the unsurpassed beauty of Indian


    Endowed with a highly developed sense of clay, wood, stone, ivory and textile

    traditions exist within the Indian craftsmen.


    Muslin also known as Malmal known for delicacy and fineness

  • Best Kings Muslin (Malmai Khas) >> Ab-i-rawan : Running water and


    Chief centre of production Dhaka

    PATOLA Silk or wedding saree of Gujarat and Maharashtra design appear on

    both side of the material

    2 principle styles

    1. Cambay Pattern with white flowers on dark green stems

    2. Pattan Pattern with broader strips of field picture, series of elephants,

    flowering shrubs, human figures and birds

  • BROCADE Represent large group of textiles in which designs are produced by

    the use of WARP and WEFT threads

    Pure silk Amru

    Gold thread Kimkhab: famous varnasi

  • Represents most generous and ornamental fabric of India

    Tanchoi Brocades named after 3 brothers who learnt from China and

    practiced in Surat. Base of this fabric Satin woven in floral and bird motifs

    Brocade - generic term used for any textile that is richly figured, especially for

    those with a pattern in gold or silver

    Pattern extra weft threads of different coloured silk or zari, metallic threads

    are woven into the basic fabric

    Patternic technique kadwa

  • Special type brocade gyasar: secular use in Buddhist areas like Bhutan and



    Classical Indian garment remained in fashion over 2000 yrs

    Evolved in distinct weaving patterns

    Motives reflect nature, everyday life and weavers creativity and his aesthetic


    Types of Sarees - Places Famous for it

    1. Paithani - paithan (Maharashtra)

    2. Tanchoi silk - Varnasi

    3. Pochampalli - Hyderabad

    4. Chanderi - Chanderi (MP)

    5. Muga silk - Sualkuchi (Assam)

    6. Sambalpuri - Sambalpur

    7. Jamdani - Bengal and UP

    8. Baluchari - Murshidabad (W.Bengal)

    TIE & DIE (Bandhani)

    Chief centres of production Rajasthan and Gujarat

  • Rich patterns are outlined by small dots of different colours

    Designs of dancing women and animal forms are produced by knot dyeing

    process still fashion in countryside

    Hunting scenes, female performing Garbha, plenty of floral and bird designs

    are in the intervening spaces and borders


    Painted & printed textiles of AP

    Kalamkari came from brush like instrument like Kalam: used in medieval

    period to draw pattern on fabric with natural colour.

    The clothes from the former school were influenced by Persian painting and

    the tenets of Islam and Kalahasthi school reproduced scenes from Hindu


  • The art of Kalamkari belongs to 2 distinct schools Masulipatnam (muslim

    rulers) & Srikalahasthi (Hindu temples)


    Apa Tani tribe lower Subansiri dt of Arunachal Pradesh

    Home Ziro in Apa Tani plateau located in North of Itanagar

    Women weaving and one or two portable loin loom

    Traditional colours Red, Green and Yellow obtained from leaves, roots,

    creepers and the barks of trees

    Cloth use of broad stripes alternating with narrow ones

    Other geometric patterns extra weft technique


    Best known Palampore and Machilipatnam bed covers: decoration


    Typical design Tree of Life

    Baademeri Print

    Manifestation of Rajasthani folk art on textiles

    Recognized by their motifs, boldness of designs and stark colours

    Chief centre of production Sindh: Hindus of Badmer are engaged in this art


    Batik style of painting whose claim lies in being Individualistic have the

    scintillating quality of stained glass

    Kantha embroidery of Bengal> uses discarded sarees which are piled up and

    quilted. Thread stitches are drawn from the old borders

    Pichwais temple cloth for temples and chariots depicting Srinath as Krishna

    in blue. Background dark and richly coloured. Nathwara is famous for it

  • Pattachitra cloth painting of Orissa where whole stories are shown on a long

    piece of cloth like a picture film. Earthen colours are used

    Pipli Applique pipli near Bhubneshwar is famous for his work which uses

    bright coloured embroidered cloth probably originating from its traditional

    use in Jagganath temple

    Chikan (shawl / fabric) Lucknow

    The word Chikan stems from a Persian word: meaning to raise

    Brought to Awadh from Persia which flourished under the patronage of

    Lucknow Nawabs

    Traditionally it is embroidered onto Muslin with a white thread.

    3 types of designs

    1. Bhakia

    2. Tepchi

    3. Kamdani

  • Gujarat:

    AARI embroidary with silk threads using a hook is a popular craft of Kutchch,


    Motifs dancing peacocks, human figures in dancing postures

    Uttar Pradesh:

    Chikan work different assumptions and beliefs

    Megasthanes art of Chikankari (floral prints on fine Muuslin clothes) started

    in east Bengal

  • West Bengal:

    Kantha embroidary

    Popular rural women

    J & K:

    Jaal work

    Takes months to complete thread work on one shawl, bedspread

    Artisans stitch decorative motifs of birds, maple leaves and other decorative


    The most popular form of thread work is the chain stitch that is done on

    shawls and clothes.


    Unique type - uses one stitch, in deference to the weavers in the area

    This is done in dark matching shade with untwisted silk thread on the border

    of the phanek (A lungi or lower body wrap worn by women).


    Mathurias - tribe found only in Adilabad

    inhabit the forest area and being nomadic, move from place to place looking

    for agricultural work on land


    Kasida embroidery with geometrical patterns of Bihar resembles to the

    kasuti embroidery of Mysore and is found in many different Styles.


    Syrian embroidery, the first to find its way into Kerala, is no longer practised



    The Banjaras of Madhya Pradesh, who are found in the districts of Malwa and

    Nimar have their own distinct style of embroidery.


    The art of phulkari has its origins in the early part of the 19th century, when

    the odhini or head cloth was highlighted with embroidered flowers.


    Patta Chitra is a cloth painting of Orissa, where whole stories are shown on a

    long piece of cloth

    uses earthen colours

  • other type of embroidery works

    (a) Mirror Work Embroidery (b) Sequins Embroidery

    (c) Resham Embroidery (d) Kundan Embroidery