incremental housing

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  • D i Mi l k M t lDari Microplan ke Masterplanperbaikan kawasan kumuh di

    (IncrementalHousing MumbaiIndia)Mumbai-India

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • Mumbai India

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • Mumbai=BombayIbu kota negara bagian MaharashtraKotaterpadat didunia =20juta jiwa

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • 5goodreasonstomigrate:

    1.Thepushingandpullingforcesofmigration.

    2.Mosthavelittlechanceofmakingadecentlivinginagriculture.

    3 Mi ti t iti i th t f fi di b tt j b3.Migrationtocitiesimprovestheprospectoffindingbetterjobs.

    4.Peopleknowwhatcitieshavetoofferthem.

    5.Urbanmigrationisoftenasurvivalstrategyforruralhouseholds.

    Sumber:HousingThePoorinAsianCitiesFIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • 1.Peoplearecomingtocitiesinordertosurvive.Thewilltosurviveisatoughforceto

    Whycanturbanmigrationbestopped?p g g

    counteract,evenbygovernmentsdeterminedtoslowdowntheflowofpeopleintocities.

    2.Itsnoteasyforgovernmentstocontrolwhere,howandwhentheircitizensmovearound the country Restricting peoples freedom of movement is also widely regarded asaroundthecountry.Restrictingpeople sfreedomofmovementisalsowidelyregardedasaviolationoftheirbasichumanrights.

    3.Thecitiesandtownsthesemigrantsaremovingintoneedtheircheaplabour andneedthecheapgoodsandservicestheyprovideasworkers,hawkers,laborers,artisans,waiters,taxidrivers,maidsandcleaners.

    4 When people move to cities they are moving to places where they will earn more4.Whenpeoplemovetocities,theyaremovingtoplaceswheretheywillearnmore,becomemoreproductive,anddevelopthemselveseconomically.

    5.Whengovernmentsforcemigrantsoutofthecityintorelocationareas,thepoorjobopportunitiesandlivingconditionsintheseperipheralareasoftenmeanpeoplecantsurvive.

    6. When governments force slumdwellers out of the city into rural resettlement6.Whengovernmentsforceslum dwellersoutofthecityintoruralresettlementprogrammes,manyofthesepeopleareactuallycitybornurbaniteswhohavenoexperienceasfarmersandnodesiretostartanewlifeinavillage.

    Sumber:HousingThePoorinAsianCities

  • Incrementalhousing

    YaraswadaYaraswada

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • Purpose

    1.Upgradinghousingwithbetterwater,sewage,stormwaterdrainageandelectricity,priortotheconstructionofthehouses.Improvementfor4000families2.Usingimprovisationandresearchskillstoperformonbothlocalandglobaldesignissues,thrivesforsustainableevolution.

    Inception2008

    Programcontinuation

    ThestrategyisnowbeingimplementedinPune bylocalarchitectandurbanplannerPrassana Desai,directorofPVPCollegeofArchitecture,UniversityofPune.

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • program

    Founded by Felife Balestra and Sara Gransson in 2008FoundedbyFelife Balestra andSaraGransson in2008.

    I t lMumbaiGovernment Felife &Sara

    IncrementalHousingprogram

    SPARC Communities

    10%

    BasicServicesforUrbanPoor(BSUP) fund

    90%

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • strategy

    Previous slum upgrading projects across the

    world have involved the demolition ofThe Incremental Housing Strategy is a participatory design

    and implementation process in which architects workentire neighborhoods followed by theconstruction of repetitive social housingblocks or relocation of the communitiest l f f th i f i

    together with communities and politicians inorder to come up with solutions that please everyone.If the architect approaches the community with respect, hewill understand that families might have been neighbors for

    h l f l l hto places far away from their source of income.This way of uprooting communities which haveresided in the same location for decades leadsto loss of both livelihood and social securitygained in a long term friendship between

    many generations, that quite a lot of people live in a housewhich has a shop on the ground floor and the livingquarters on the first floor. When architects limit themselvesto following orders and stack people on a social housingblock, this livelihood feature is lost. Thus, we proposed to

    neighbors., , p p

    preserve the existing organic urban fabric and help people

    help themselves building their ownhomes.

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • Theproposalisaresultofintenseworkshopswiththecommunitieswhereideasarepresentedanddebatedusingtoolssuchashousemodelsanddrawings.

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • ThepilotprojectbeganinNetaji Nagar,asliceofalargeinnercityslumcalledYerawada located in Pune 180 km East of Bombay Netaji Nagar was born when aYerawada,locatedinPune,180kmEastofBombay.Netaji Nagarwasbornwhenacommunitywasforcedtoberelocatedbecauseahospitalwastobebuiltonthespacetheywereoccupying.

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • program

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • MappingMapping

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • HousetypeAHousetypeAisatraditionaltwostoryhouseoverstructuredenablingverticalextension.Like this the family can extend their house upwards in the future without living the riskLikethisthefamilycanextendtheirhouseupwardsinthefuturewithoutlivingtheriskofstructuralhazard.

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • HousetypeBHousetypeBisathreestorystructureonstiltswherethegroundfloorvoidcanbeusedasashop,laundryspace,aplaceforkeepinganimalsorforparkinganautorickshaw.Thisemptyspacecanalsobeincrementedasaroominthefuture.

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • HousetypeC

    House type C is also a three story structure with a void in between the ground and theHousetypeCisalsoathreestorystructurewithavoidinbetweenthegroundandthesecondfloor.Thisvoidcanbeusedasaveranda,asanoutdoorroom.Likethepreviousprototypesthevoidcanbeturnedintoaroominthefuture.

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • Sharingstructure

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • conclusion

    Proses perbaikan kawasan kumuh supaya berkelanjutan tidak lepas dari peranpemerintah,badanbadan yangperduli dengan orangorang miskin (LSM)yang keduanya berperan sebagai penyandang dana dan serta para ahli dalam hal iniyangkeduanya berperan sebagai penyandang dana dan serta para ahli dalam hal iniArsitek yangberfungsi sebagai opinionprocessor yangmengkoordinir semuaproses pekerjaan juga yangterpenting adalah peran sertamasyarakat sendiri.

    Mengeluarkan kebijakan yangmampu merangsang masyarakatlebih bertanggung jawab atas rumah nya sendiri .tanggung jawabatas sebagian dana dan terlibat dalam proses pembangunannya adalah salahatas sebagian dana dan terlibat dalam proses pembangunannya adalah salahsatunya.

    Desain yangdihasilkan merupakan adalah jawaban kebutuhany g p jkontektual terhadap lingkungan sekitar baik dari segi bangunan dan sosialmasyarakat tetapi dengan metoda ini konsekwensinya perencanaan akanberlangsung lama.

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • Semoga Esok Lebih BaikSemoga Esok Lebih Baik

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com

  • reference

    UNHABITAT,ThePoorHousingInAsianCities;URBANIZATION:TheRoleThePoorPlayinUrbanDevelopment,UNESCAPUNHABITATforAsiaPasific 2008

    UNHABITAT,ThePoorHousingInAsianCities;LOWINCOMEHOUSING:Approachestohelptheurbanpoorfindadequateaccommodation,UNESCAPUNHABITATforAsiaPasific2008

    www.archicentral.comwww.allbusiness.comwwwwikipedia orgwww.wikipedia.orgwww.1.pictures.gi.zimbio.comwww.sparcindia.orgwww.urbanouveau.com

    FIRMANIRMANSYAHIIfirman.ir@gmail.com