incorporating direct quotations

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Incorporating Direct Quotations. Signals/Signal Phrases. You should include a phrase that introduces the direct quote and (sometimes) names the author or source to place the material in a meaningful context. This lets your readers know where the information came from. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Incorporating Direct Quotations

  • Signals/Signal PhrasesYou should include a phrase that introduces the direct quote and (sometimes) names the author or source to place the material in a meaningful context. This lets your readers know where the information came from.

  • Examples of SignalsAuthor Nick Hornby emphasizes this when he has Rob say, . . .As Hornby notes, . .Rob Fleming argues that . . .We see this most clearly when Will Freeman insists that . . .British author Nick Hornby implies that . . .The reader discovers this when Marcus observes that . . .. . ., reasons Fiona, who goes on to assert that . . .According to contemporary British author Nick Hornby, . . .Nick Hornby, winner of the Booker Prize, suggests that . . .

  • Separate or IncorporatedThe whole sentence, from the signal phrase to the end of the direct quote, must be grammatically correct:1. You can separate your signal from the direct quote by a comma or colon.2. You can integrate your signal into the direct quotation with no comma or colon.

  • 1. SeparateA comma or colon precedes the direct quotation. For example: Robert Frost wrote, Something there is that doesnt love a wall.

  • 2. IncorporatedNo punctuation separates the signal phrase from the direct quotation.For example: Most people remember, unfortunately, that Frosts poem also said that good fences make good neighbors.

  • A ComparisonSeparate:Robert Frost wrote, Something there is that doesnt love a wall.Most people remember, unfortunately, that Frosts poem also said, Good fences make good neighbors.Incorporated:Robert Frost wrote that something there is that doesnt love a wall.Most people remember, unfortunately, that Frosts poem also said that good fences make good neighbors.

  • Some Signal Verbs

    acknowledgesaddsadmitsagreescommentscomparesconfirmscontendsendorsesillustratesimpliesinsistsarguesassertsbelievesclaimsdeclaresdeniesdisputesemphasizesnotesobservespoints outsuggests

  • SummaryUse a signal phrase to move your readers smoothly from your ideas to a direct quotation.Vary your signal verbs and signal phrases.Either separate or incorporate the direct quotation.Make sure the whole sentence is grammatically correct.