income, poverty, and health insurance coverage: 2009

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$. $. $. $. $. $. Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage: 2009. September 2010. U.S. Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. CENSUS BUREAU. Resources for Todays News Conference. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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U.S. Department of CommerceEconomics and Statistics AdministrationU.S. CENSUS BUREAU$$$$$$Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage: 2009September 2010

Resources for Todays News ConferenceCome to www.census.gov and click on the icon at top left corner to obtain

Todays PowerPoint and ScriptNews ReleaseFindings at a Glance SummaryAnalytical Report and Links to Detailed TablesFact Sheets on Income, Poverty and Health InsuranceLinks to the First of Three Blogs on These Topics 1Median household money income for the nation was $49,800 in 2009, not statistically different from the 2008 median.The 2009 official poverty rate for the nation was 14.3 percent, up from 13.2 percent in 2008, with 43.6 million people in poverty, an increase of 3.7 million since 2008.Real median earnings of both men and women who worked full-time, year-round increased between 2008 and 2009. The female-to-male earnings ratio was 77 percent in 2009, not statistically different from the 2008 ratio.The percentage of people without health insurance coverage increased to 16.7 percent in 2009 from 15.4 percent in 2008. The number of uninsured increased to 50.7 million in 2009 from 46.3 million in 2008.Note: Income rounded to nearest $100.Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 and 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.Highlights32Real Median Household Income: 1967 to 2009Note: Income rounded to nearest $100.Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1968 to 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.$49,800RecessionIncome in thousands (2009 dollars)60

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0$40,100450

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0Poverty: 1959 to 2009Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1960 to 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.14.3%43.6 millionRecessionNumbers in millions, rates in percent1959 1966 1973 1980 1987 1994 2001 2009

Poverty rateNumber in poverty22.4%39.5 million 34Real Median Household Income and Poverty Rate: 1967 to 2009 Change surrounding recession. Poverty expressed as percentage point change. Income expressed as percentage change.Income rounded to nearest $100. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1968 to 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.RecessionIncome in thousands (2009 dollars), rates in percent- 4.2%-1.7%- 5.7%- 6.0%- 4.2%- 3.5%60

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0Real median household incomePoverty rate$49,800$40,10014.3%14.2%+1.9+1.2+3.9+1.261960 1966 1972 1978 1984 1990 1996 2002 20095Womens-to-Mens Median Earnings Ratio and Real Median Earnings: 1960 to 2009(Full-time, year-round workers)Note: Income rounded to nearest $100.Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1961 to 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.Recession 77%$47,100$36,300Earnings in thousands (2009 dollars), ratio in percentWomens-to-mens earnings ratioEarnings of menEarnings of women61%$20,600$34,00080

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07Percentage of People Without Health Insurance Coverage: 1987 to 2009Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1988 to 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.1987 1990 1993 1996 1999 2002 2005 2009PercentRecession16.7%12.9%All peopleChildren10.0%12.9%20

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0 6Number of People Without Health Insurance Coverage: 1987 to 2009Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1988 to 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.Numbers in millionsRecession1987 1990 1993 1996 1999 2002 2005 20097.5 million8.2 million31.0 millionChildrenAll people50.7 million 7Percentage Change in Real Median Household Income by Age of Householder: 2008 and 2009Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 and 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements. 15 to 24 25 to 34 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 64 65 years years old years old years old years old years old and older20092008-4.4%-2.0%-2.6%No statisticalchange

+5.8%Income in thousands (2009 dollars)80

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0 8Percentage Change in Real Median Household Income by Number of Earners: 2008 and 2009Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 and 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.No earnersTwo or more earners One earner+5.2%+1.3%No statistical change100

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0 20092008Income in thousands (2009 dollars) 9All female workersMales,full-time year-roundTotal and Full-Time Year-Round Workers With Earnings by Sex: 1967 to 2009RecessionNumbers in millionsSource: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1968 to 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.1053.281.973.056.143.236.634.414.8Males, full-timeyear-roundAll male workersFemales, full-time year-roundAll female workersNote: Income rounded to the nearest 100.Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1961 to 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.Recession60

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01960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2009Real Median Earnings of Total Workers and Full-Time, Year-Round Workers by Sex : 1960 to 2009Earnings in thousands (2009 dollars)$26,000$36,300$36,300$47,100$34,000$28,500$20,600$11,60011Household Income at Selected Percentiles: 1967 to 2009Note: Income rounded to nearest $100.Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1968 to 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.$137,600RecessionIncome in thousands (2009 dollars)$49,800$12,100$84,400$9,200$40,10010th50th (median)90th150

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01214Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1968 to 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.Gini Index of Equivalence-Adjusted Income and Money Income: 1967 to 20090.3970.468RecessionGini Index130.458Money income 0.5

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0Poverty Rates by Race and Hispanic Origin: 1959 to 2009Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1960 to 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.RecessionPercent1959 1966 1973 1980 1987 1994 2001 200912.5%25.8%25.3%9.4% 55.1%22.8%16.1%7.5% White, not HispanicHispanic (any race)AsianBlack1450

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0Poverty Rates by Age: 1959 to 2009Note: Data from 1960 to 1965 available only for people under 18 years old.Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1960 to 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

RecessionPercent1959 1966 1973 1980 1987 1994 2001 200918 to 64 years oldUnder 18 years old17.0%27.3%35.2%65 years and older12.9%20.7%8.9%15Children with Income Below Specified Ratio of Their Poverty Threshold: 1980 to 2009Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1981 to 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.Percent of all children50% to 99% of poverty threshold100

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01980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2009Below 50% of poverty threshold100% to 199% of poverty threshold200% to 399% of poverty thresholdAt or above 400% of poverty threshold21.5%30.4%27.3%11.4% 9.3% 24.0%41.1%16.6%6.9% 11.4% 16Poverty Rates for Families with Related Children Under 18 by Family Type: 1959 to 2009Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1960 to 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.RecessionPercent38.5%8.3%59.9%6.0%Married-couple familiesFemale householder, no husband present17Evidence of Doubling Up in Response to the Economic Downturn: 2008 CPS compared to 2010 CPSSource: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2008 and 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplements. Note that while the CPS ASEC estimates poverty and income for the previous calendar year, household composition is measured at the time of the surveyMultifamily HouseholdsAged 25 to 34 Living withParentsRelated Subfamilies+11.6%+11.4% 16

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0 2010 CPS2008 CPSNumbers in millions18+8.4%Interagency Technical Working Group on Developing a Supplemental Poverty Measure OMB Chief StatisticianMarch 2010 road map/Federal register noticeFirst estimates will be released in September 2011Will supplement, not replace, the official measureWill not be used for eligibility determinationsThresholds derived by BLS from Consumer Expenditure dataSeparate thresholds for renters, owners with and without mortgagesAdjusted for geographic differences in housing costsResource measure money incomePLUS tax credits, nutritional, housing and energy assistanceMINUS child support paid, child care paid, other work expenses, taxes, medical out of pocket expenditures

Supplemental Poverty Measure1921Change in the Number of People Below Their Poverty Thres

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