il senso dell’innovazione: una visione d’insieme

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Il senso dell’innovazione: una visione d’insieme. Brescia, 26 giugno 2007 Andrea Pontremoli Presidente e Amministratore Delegato IBM Italia. Le forze della globalizzazione. Tecnologia. Equilibri eco-demografici. Mobilità. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Il senso dellinnovazione: una visione dinsieme Brescia, 26 giugno 2007

    Andrea PontremoliPresidente e Amministratore Delegato IBM Italia

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  • Le forze della globalizzazioneEnormi cambiamenti economici e demografici.3 miliardi di persone entrano nelleconomia mondiale.Da una tecnologia rivoluzionaria nata una piattaforma globale per gli scambi commerciali.Il campo di gioco si livellato.Accelerano i processi di innovazione e commoditizzazione.Minori costi di trasporto e di comunicazione.Capitali, talenti e lavoro si spostano sempre pi velocemente.Equilibri eco-demograficiTecnologiaMobilit

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  • Le metropoli contengono met della popolazione mondiale e sono in continua crescita.Source: Atlantic Monthly, October 2005Crescita esplosiva della popolazione nelle aree urbane

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  • Emissione di luce lattivit economica globaleLattivit economica concentrata. Molte citt, nonostante lelevato numero di abitanti, partecipano in misura marginale.Source: Atlantic Monthly, October 2005

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  • Linnovazione richiede connessioni tra finanza, imprenditori, ricercatori e modelli di impresa flessibili.Source: Atlantic Monthly, October 2005I brevetti provengono da poche aree nel mondo

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  • Espansione delleconomia dei servizi(18002006)GiapponeCinaRussiaUSAGermaniaIndiaAgricolturaServiziIndustria1800180018001800180018002006200620062006200620060%0%0%100%100%100%0%0%0%100%100%100%

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    Chart4

    0.113499890.00229935410.8842007559

    0.11279543190.00849176760.8787128005

    0.11068266290.02706368880.8622536482

    0.13400878150.06973230910.7962589094

    0.21613359320.14131223970.6425541671

    0.32360304930.19080711980.4855898309

    0.41275924260.2851668170.3020739405

    0.56363010160.34871706560.0876528328

    0.65898701840.2964273980.0445855837

    Services

    Industry

    Agriculture

    United States

    YearEmployment: TotalEmployment: AgricultureEmployment: IndustryEmployment: Services% Agriculture% Industry% ServicesTotal %YearStandard Unit year: SUyEmployment Agriculture growthStandard Unit Employment Agriculture growth: SUeASUy*SUeAEmployment Industry growthStandard Unit Employment Industry growth: SUeISUy*SUeIEmployment Services growthStandard Unit Employment Services growth: SUeSSUy*SUeS

    18001506.111080.7745242697184.5014067957240.829393169471.76%12.25%15.99%100.00%180019.08%24.33%18.28%

    18051784.611280.4338215853218.5856865483285.587180325171.75%12.25%16.00%100.00%180518.47%24.19%18.58%

    18102106.331509.1579957658257.6316956434339.537161626871.65%12.23%16.12%100.00%181017.86%24.06%18.89%

    18152476.321769.5227674758302.0791410466404.717915300271.46%12.20%16.34%100.00%181517.25%23.92%19.20%

    18202900.002064352.35483.6571.17%12.15%16.68%100.00%182016.64%23.78%19.50%

    18253375.492391.0834364363428.0443902214556.359595944970.84%12.68%16.48%100.00%1825-1.553797192115.85%0.668206733-1.038257745621.48%-0.380.585276520815.03%-1.32310259252.0558330932

    18303930.00277052064070.48%13.23%16.28%100.00%1830-1.314751470315.85%0.668206733-0.878525784721.48%-0.380.495233979115.03%-1.32310259251.7395510788

    18354621.343213.065514427640.9368143585767.3330437369.53%13.87%16.60%100.00%1835-1.075705748416.00%0.6943438518-0.746909672823.26%0.15-0.156461532519.90%-0.37210980580.4002806571

    18405437.00372779092068.55%14.53%16.92%100.00%1840-0.836660026516.00%0.6943438518-0.580929745523.26%0.15-0.12169230319.90%-0.37210980580.3113294

    18456461.434273.4412362872997.6973488991190.294081309366.14%15.44%18.42%100.00%1845-0.597614304714.66%0.4589790387-0.274292439126.29%1.04-0.620419830829.38%1.4828290023-0.8861598231

    18507700.0049001260154063.64%16.36%20.00%100.00%1850-0.358568582814.66%0.4589790387-0.164575463526.29%1.04-0.372251898529.38%1.4828290023-0.5316958939

    18558984.245542.17015256661558.10943133021883.962579246261.69%17.34%20.97%100.00%1855-0.119522860913.11%0.1843016491-0.022028260423.66%0.26-0.031537422322.34%0.1050114894-0.0125512736

    186010500.006268.51926.752304.7559.70%18.35%21.95%100.00%18600.119522860913.11%0.18430164910.022028260423.66%0.260.031537422322.34%0.10501148940.0125512736

    186511580.826304.14863403462404.21504861772872.456265985654.44%20.76%24.80%100.00%18650.35856858280.57%-2.0285432378-0.727371873924.78%0.590.212931907824.63%0.55422928850.1987292105

    187012920.0063403000358049.07%23.22%27.71%100.00%18700.59761430470.57%-2.0285432378-1.212286456524.78%0.590.35488651324.63%0.55422928850.3312153509

    187514989.147388.32863373043464.10161513784136.71367150349.29%23.11%27.60%100.00%18750.836660026516.54%0.78965924520.66067632515.47%-2.15-1.795454511615.55%-1.2219560304-1.0223617648

    188017390.0086104000478049.51%23.00%27.49%100.00%18801.075705748416.54%0.78965924520.849440989315.47%-2.15-2.308441514915.55%-1.2219560304-1.3144651262

    188520261.709274.36790298944975.94212184996011.389190528345.77%24.56%29.67%100.00%18851.31475147037.72%-0.7669472801-1.008345064124.40%0.480.63284613425.76%0.77509864851.0190620877

    189023740.0099906190756042.08%26.07%31.84%100.00%18901.55379719217.72%-0.7669472801-1.191680530424.40%0.480.747909067525.76%0.77509864851.2043461036

    189524726.797587.64587998157037.044834303710102.100771621730.69%28.46%40.85%100.00%1895

    190027262.00576380001349921.14%29.34%49.52%100.00%1900

    190531870.575959.64503976549178.23512446716732.685349339518.70%28.80%52.50%100.00%1905

    191037434.006163105302074116.46%28.13%55.41%100.00%1910

    191539133.656300.955959217611722.478406889921110.213783853516.10%29.95%53.94%100.00%1915

    192040978.006442130502148615.72%31.85%52.43%100.00%1920

    192543282.516233.630082062913419.76154780723629.117545943214.40%31.01%54.59%100.00%1925

    193045818.006032138002598613.17%30.12%56.72%100.00%1930

    193545926.805687.141988732114625.320509308525614.342232429112.38%31.84%55.77%100.00%1935

    194046110.005362155002524811.63%33.62%54.76%100.00%1940

    194550489.824843.423376084317881.891323002527764.50881979659.59%35.42%54.99%100.00%1945

    195058918.00437522500320457.43%38.19%54.39%100.00%1950

    195563802.006427238003357510.07%37.30%52.62%100.00%1955

    196065778.00558423095370998.49%35.11%56.40%100.00%1960-1.4605934867-13.12%-0.67125753140.9804343782-2.96%-0.971.414825490110.50%-0.89840638961.312206521

    196571088.00447625211414016.30%35.46%58.24%100.00%1965-1.095445115-19.84%-1.29218065661.41551298799.16%0.89-0.979518042111.60%-0.52709852940.5774075092

    197078574.00346327029480834.41%34.40%61.19%100.00%1970-0.7302967433-22.63%-1.54969502481.13173722977.21%0.59-0.434095914716.14%1.0065088134-0.7350501085

    197585950.00361326288560494.20%30.59%65.21%100.00%1975-0.36514837174.33%0.9395227007-0.3430651843-2.74%-0.930.341325273216.57%1.1507930204-0.4202101975

    198099136.00336430315654573.39%30.58%66.03%100.00%19800-6.89%-0.0965959718015.32%1.84016.79%1.22441596550

    1985106992.00317930048737652.97%28.08%68.94%100.00%19850.3651483717-5.50%0.03194616450.01166509-0.88%-0.65-0.236931668612.69%-0.1570709889-0.0573542158

    1990118584.00318631123842752.69%26.25%71.07%100.00%19900.73029674330.22%0.55997207850.40894578533.58%0.040.026391894514.25%0.36799651240.2687466545

    1995124749.00344029984913252.76%24.04%73.21%100.00%19951.0954451157.97%1.27564341091.397397343-3.66%-1.08-1.17851271328.37%-1.6174778628-1.7718582234

    2000136892.003538315001018542.58%23.01%74.40%100.00%20001.46059348672.85%0.80264482981.17233781055.06%0.260.384559371211.53%-0.549660541-0.802830606

    2005147492.813811.252657313932277.5474415803111404.0142344332.58%21.88%75.53%100.00%20057.72%2.47%9.38%

    2010158830.134105.609615003533017.8670407374121706.6506972952.58%20.79%76.63%100.00%201010.44%2.29%9.25%

    Notes:1. units in thousands, except a) W,S; b) percentages 2. turquise shading indicates primary source data 3. purple shading indicates values used to form SD and r for historic linear association 4. red shading indicates values used to form SD and r for moder

    Sources:

    Purple RegressionPurple RegressionPurple RegressionPurple Regression

    Average1857.5Average12.06%Average22.76%Average21.80%

    SD20.9165006634SD5.67%SD3.40%SD5.11%

    r-0.45r-0.17r0.25

    Red RegressionRed RegressionRed RegressionRed Regression

    Average1980Average-5.85%Average3.34%Average13.16%

    SD13.6930639376SD10.83%SD6.51%SD2.96%

    r0.69r-0.07r-0.18

    18102106.331509.16257.63339.5471.65%12.23%16.12%100.00%

    18354621.343213.07640.94767.3369.53%13.87%16.60%100.00%

    186010500.006268.501926.752304.7559.70%18.35%21.95%100.00%

    188520261.709274.374975.946011.3945.77%24.56%29.67%100.00%

    191037434.006163.0010530.0020741.0016.46%28.13%55.41%100.00%

    193545926.805687.1414625.3225614.3412.38%31.84%55.77%100.00%

    196065778.005584.0023095.0037099.008.49%35.11%56.40%100.00%

    1985106992.003179.0030048.0073765.002.97%28.08%68.94%100.00%

    2010158830.134105.6133017.87121706.652.58%20.79%76.63%100.00%

    Tony Sabbadini:Presuming 1820 US Census employment data entitled "Commerce" implies employment in services

    Tony Sabbadini:Combining 1840 Census data of transportation, commerce, and education in services

    Tony Sabbadini:Combining 1840 Census mining and agriculture into agriculture

    Tony Sabbadini:Data from 1956 OECD data

    Tony Sabbadini:Data from 1956 OECD data

    Tony Sabbadini:Data from 1956 OECD data

    United States

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