ii. roman empire

Download II. Roman Empire

Post on 01-Jan-2016

16 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

II. Roman Empire. A. Republic Collapses. As Rome grew its Republican form of government became unstable As Rome grew the gap between rich and poor grew wider Rich landowners owned huge estates where slaves did the work. Small farmers were unable to compete with slave labor - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

TRANSCRIPT

II. Roman Empire

II. Roman EmpireA. Republic Collapses As Rome grew its Republican form of government became unstable

As Rome grew the gap between rich and poor grew wider

Rich landowners owned huge estates where slaves did the workSmall farmers were unable to compete with slave labor

Many were forced to sell their land and move to the city to find work 1/4th of Romes population was made up of the urban poorB. Help is on the WayTiberius & Gaius Gracchus Brothers who attempt to help the urban poor

Upset Roman elites

Both brothers met violent deaths Civil war erupted in Rome following their deathsC. Julius CaesarStrong leader and military genius who rose up during the civil war

59 BC Caesar was elected Consul

Following Roman tradition he served one year but declares himself Governor of Gaul (France) Caesar led his men and conquered all of Gaul

46 BC Caesar returned to Rome with the support of his army and was named dictator

44 BC Caesar is named dictator for lifeCrossing the Rubicon

D. Caesars Reforms Extended the right to vote to many people newly added to the Roman rule

Made many reforms to help the poor

Created many public works jobs

Also created the modern day calendar system (July is named after him)E. Caesars DeathMarch 15, 44 BC Caesar was assassinated by members of the Senate who feared he was becoming too powerful

Known as the Ides of MarchAssassination of Julius Caesar

F. Beginning of an EmpireCivil war broke out again following Caesars death

Octavian and Mark Antony joined together and ruled Rome for 10 years

Their alliance ends in jealousy and violenceG. Octavian vs. AntonyMark Antony met the Egyptian Queen Cleopatra (former wife of Julius Caesar) while leading Roman troops

Fell in love and formed an alliance

Octavian accused Antony of plotting against Rome and civil war broke out again

31 BC Octavian is able to defeat the combined forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra Battle of Actium Cleopatra

H. Pax Romana Octavian became ruler of all Rome

Augustus Title given to Octavian which means the exalted one

Pax Romana 200 year period of Roman peaceCaesar Augustus

I. Society and CultureMany people in the Roman Empire were jobless

Government gave out daily grain rations

Government also provide free games, race, mock battles, and gladiator contest

Colosseum Stadium that held over 50,000 people where gladiator contests took placeThe Colosseum

A Look Inside