If you have teenagers you have fire extinguishers

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  1. 1. If you have Teenagers you have Fire Extinguishers I assume! That portable fire extinguisher can save lives and property by putting out a small fire or containing it until the fire department arrives; but portable extinguishers have limitations. Because fire grows and spreads so rapidly, the #1 priority for residents is to get out safely.
  2. 2. Teenagers are good folks but lack of training is fatal Over the years in safety and teaching not just professional adults and industry workers it is ABSOLUTELY mind shocking to see how many adults, never mind teenagers that DO NOT KNOW HOW to operate, maintain or store fire extinguishers!
  3. 3. Truth and Risk! When it comes to fire prevention, we have good news and bad news. The good news is that your kids this age have reached a stage of mental development where they are at a much lower risk of dying in a fire. The bad news is that home fires can still happen quickly, and older ( teenagers) children are more likely to cause them, either intentionally or by accident.
  4. 4. NO heck NO not this way!
  5. 5. Your Safety Talk is way past PASS When using a portable fire extinguisher when the fire is confined to a small area, such as a wastebasket, and is not growing; everyone has exited the building; the fire department has been called or is being called; and the room is not filled with smoke. To operate a fire extinguisher, remember the word PASS: Pull the pin. Hold the extinguisher with the nozzle pointing away from you, and release the locking mechanism. Aim low. Point the extinguisher at the base of the fire. Squeeze the lever slowly and evenly. Sweep the nozzle from side-to-side. For the home, select a multi-purpose extinguisher (can be used on all types of home fires) that is large enough to put out a small fire, but not so heavy as to be difficult to handle. Choose a fire extinguisher that carries the label of an independent testing laboratory. Read the instructions that come with the fire extinguisher and become familiar with its parts and operation before a fire breaks out. Local fire departments or fire equipment distributors often offer hands-on fire extinguisher trainings.
  6. 6. Objectives Understand the combustion process and different fire classes Understand fire extinguisher types, operating procedures Understand basic firefighting concepts: R.A.C.E. P.A.S.S. Fire Safety & Fire Extinguisher Use
  7. 7. WHAT SHOULD YOU DO IF YOU DISCOVER A FIRE ?
  8. 8. It is not the blame game it is about the prevention game of life because! Hazards and the potential for accidents exists. Regardless of the environment, the possibility of injury, illness, disability or death may be present. Humans have a variety of mechanismssensory, motor, emotional, social and technologicalthat can reduce and modify hazards.
  9. 9. Pull the nearest fire alarm OR Tell a parents or occupants in the building if you have one to pull it! Call 911 Step One
  10. 10. WHEN CALLING 911 know where you are
  11. 11. Should you use a fire extinguisher? Step Two - decide: Should you the Building? OR
  12. 12. The only exception to leaving the building is when you have been... - specifically told you can do something other than evacuate the building - specifically trained and expected to use a fire extinguisher
  13. 13. The Combustion Process Fire Safety & Fire Extinguisher Use Three components Need all three components to start a fire Fire extinguishers remove one or more of the components.
  14. 14. Fire Classes A Trash Wood Paper C Electrical Equipment B Liquids Grease COMBUSTIBLE METALS D wood paper cloth etc. gasoline oil grease other solvents computers fax machine other energized electrical equip. magnesium sodium potassium titanium other flammable metals
  15. 15. Fire Classes (cont.) Recently recognized by NFPA 10 Fires involving combustible oils, lards and fats in commercial cooking. CLASS K FIRES
  16. 16. YES a LOT of Fires Start Here! Have a fire extinguisher in the kitchen in case of emergency, and make sure you know how it works. You might be surprised that most people dont know how to use one. The potential for accidents and the existence of hazards imposes the need for injury prevention. Safe living involves the development and use of safety precautions and the recognition of risk in personal decisions.
  17. 17. Before using a fire extinguisher, be sure that: The fire is small and not spreading rapidly! A fire can double in size within two or three minutes. You have the proper fire extinguisher to put out what is burning (paper, oil, electrical). The fire won't block your exit if you can't extinguish it or control it. A good way to ensure this is to keep the exit at your back. You know your fire extinguisher works. The fire extinguisher has no dents, leaks, broken hoses, missing pieces or other damage. On fire extinguishers equipped with a gauge, the needle should be in the green zone - not too low or too high.
  18. 18. Some REALLY hate cold weather The point of all this is that of these three types of fire extinguishers, only two are suitable for subzero temperatures, and those are the ones that use dry chemicals, B and C.
  19. 19. For ordinary fires involving solids such as wood, paper, and cloth; you can use a water or dry chemical extinguisher with a label that says Class A or Combination A, B & C. Choosing the proper extinguisher Class A Fire Extinguisher Combination Fire Extinguisher
  20. 20. For fires involving flammable liquids, or electrical equipment, choose a dry chemical extinguisher with a label that says combination B & C or A, B & C or a carbon dioxide extinguisher. Electrical fires will mostly be extinguished if the power is turned off first. Choosing the proper extinguisher Carbon dioxide extinguisher
  21. 21. Read the labels on all the various types of fire extinguishers near your work area Never use water on a fire unless you know what is burning. Water conducts electricity which could spread problems and cause more shorting in the equipment. Water will also carry burning oil, gas and other petroleum products in to new areas to ignite.
  22. 22. The fire department has first been notified. There is a clear exit behind the person using the fire extinguisher. The fire is small and contained (like in a wastepaper basket). A fire extinguisher should only be used to fight a fire when: And most important of all... The fire is not spreading rapidly!
  23. 23. Other Fire Fighting Equipment Hose - Reels Fire Blankets
  24. 24. Remember! Extinguishers are only for dealing with small fires. DO NOT CONTINUE TO FIGHT A FIRE IF: it is dangerous to do so, there is a possibility that your escape route may be cut off by the fire or smoke, the fire continues to grow in spite of your efforts, there are gas cylinders threatened by a fire. If you have to withdraw, close windows and doors behind you whenever possible. Do NOT use a fire extinguisher to put out a fire involving burning gas. Turn off the gas supply if it is safe to do so, or leave such fires to the fire department/agency.
  25. 25. Fire Extinguisher Anatomy DISCHARGE HOSE DISCHARGE NOZZLE DISCHARGE ORIFICE BODY DATA PLATE CARRYING HANDLE PRESSURE GAUGE (not found on CO2 extinguishers) DISCHARGE LEVER DISCHARGE LOCKING PIN AND SEAL
  26. 26. Fire Extinguisher Types Class A fires only 2.5 gal. water (up to 1 minute discharge time) Has pressure gauge to allow visual capacity check 30-40 ft. maximum effective range Can be started and stopped as necessary Extinguishes by cooling burning material below the ignition point. PRESSURIZED WATERA Trash W ood Paper B Liquids Grease C Electrical Equipment A Trash W ood Paper B Liquids Grease C Electrical Equipment
  27. 27. Fire Extinguisher Types (cont.) Class B or C fires 2.5-100 lb. of CO2 (8-30 seconds discharge time) Has NO pressure gauge--capacity verified by weight 3-8 ft. maximum effective range Extinguishes by smothering burning materials Effectiveness decreases as temperature of burning material increases. CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2) A Trash W ood Paper B Liquids Grease C Electrical Equipment A Trash W ood Paper B Liquids Grease C Electrical Equipment
  28. 28. Fire Extinguisher Types (cont.) Class A, B, or C fires 2.5-20 lb. dry chemical (ammonium phosphate) 8-25 seconds discharge time) Has pressure gauge to allow visual capacity check 5-20 ft. maximum effective range Extinguishes by smothering burning materials. MULTIPURPOSE DRY CHEMICAL A Trash W ood Paper B Liquids Grease C Electrical Equipment A Trash W ood Paper B Liquids Grease C Electrical Equipment
  29. 29. Fire Extinguisher Summary EXTINGUISHER TYPE WORKS BY EFFECTIVE AGAINST PRESSURIZED WATER CARBON DIOXIDE MULTIPURPOSE DRY CHEMICAL COOLING SMOTHERING SMOTHERING
  30. 30. Fire Emergency Response R Rescue Alarm Contain Extinguish A C E
  31. 31. The gap and your safety!
  32. 32. Fighting the Fire Pull the pin Aim low at the base of flames Squeeze the handle Sweep side to side P A S S
  33. 33. Firefighting Decision Criteria Know department emergency procedures and evacuation routes Know locations of extinguishers in your area and how to use them Always sound the alarm regardless of fire size Avoid smoky conditions Ensure area is evacuated Dont attempt to fight unless: Alarm is sounded Fire is small and contained You have safe egress route (can be reached without exposure to fire) Available extinguishers are rated for size and type of fire If in doubt, evacuate! DONT ATTEMPT TO FIGHT UNLESS YOU ARE TRAINED
  34. 34. The fire is out now what? If the fire goes out: stay near, it might flare up! if so, put it out again or Evacuate! If the fire doesnt go out -- Evacuate! Most extinguishers only last about 10 to 18 seconds.
  35. 35. Hang them where you can reach but not bump it! Install fire extinguishers close to an exit and keep your back to a clear exit when you use the device so you can make an easy escape if the fire cannot be controlled. If the room fills with smoke, leave immediately. Know when to go. Fire extinguishers are one element of a fire response plan, but the primary element is safe escape. Every household should have a home fire escape plan and working smoke alarms.
  36. 36. Up and down or sideways A modern fire extinguisher can be stored horizontally. The contents are under pressure, and the angle of storage will not cause the system to leak. Proper fire extinguisher storage includes using the appropriate mounting brackets, and being sure that you do not allow for your fire extinguishers to freeze.
  37. 37. Summary Combustion Process (Fire Triangle) Class A, B, C, D, K fires Types of portable fire extinguishers: Operating procedures Capabilities and limitations Basic firefighting concepts: R.A.C.E. P.A.S.S. Fire Safety & Fire Extinguisher Use
  38. 38. Quiz Question 1 Fire extinguisher marked with an A is used on: A) oil fires B) Electrical fires C) paper material fires D) none of the above
  39. 39. Quiz Question 2 Fire extinguishers marked with a B can be used on: A) Paper, trash B) Oil or Grease C) Electrical D) Non of the above
  40. 40. Quiz addendum How else you can kill a grease fire? A) Smother B) Baking Soda C) A&B
  41. 41. Quiz Question 3 Fire extinguisher marked ABC can be used on: A) Wood, Paper B) Electrical C) Liquids and grease D) All of the above
  42. 42. Quiz Question 4 Fire Extinguishers marked with D are used for A) Combustible chemicals B) Magnesium C) Potassium D) other flammable metals E) all of the above
  43. 43. Quiz Question 5 For what fires is a Halon Fire Extinguisher being used? Guess 1 Guess 2 Guess 3 Guess 4
  44. 44. Halon Halon fire extinguisher is important device to have, especially for emergency situations. It contains a gas that interrupts the chemical reaction that takes place when fuels burn. Halon fire extinguisher is often used to protect valuable electrical equipment since they leave no residue. Such on expensive computers, server rooms, etc. Since Halon manufacturing was banned, a hunt has been on for something that works as well. According to the Halon Alternatives Research Corp., more than 20 different kinds of alternatives exist as direct replacements. Halon Replacement Those categories are inert gases and halocarbon compounds.
  45. 45. Fire Extinguishers are not a FOREVER item that just sits there, they exspire
  46. 46. They SOMETIMES loose PRESSURE all by there self without use! Even if there's no expiration date, it won't last forever. Manufacturers say most extinguishers should work for 5 to 15 years, but you might not know if you got yours three years ago or 13.
  47. 47. Empty or a recharge To dispose of an old fire extinguisher that cannot be recharged or that you do not wish to keep. Let the canister sit for a few days, making sure the pressure has been released. Once there is no longer any pressure, dispose in a trash bag in your regular garbage.
  48. 48. Questions

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