ielts writing task1

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Introductory expressions:

The [graph/bar chart/chart] shows/illustrates/represent]

The [table] list


In overall

It is immediately apparent that in.

There is a significant/considerable discrepancy/difference betweenand

On the contrary,

To sum up

In conclusion

Time periods



Over this/that/the same period

Over the course of a day/week/year

a/the period spanning years, fromto

Higher/lower (rates/price) larger/smaller (amounts/number) than the X-year period

Interestingly though, .








Housing/estate prices

Revenue-income (revenue source)-turnoverExpenditure-outlets-OutgoesAdjectives

Total (demand/consumption) of

The least/most popular/favourite


The striking feature of the [graph]is thatVerbs:To increase/rise/go up/surge (slightly/rapidly/steadily/gradually/significantly/considerably)

To drop/fall/decline/decrease/go down/dip

by. To (a peak of/to a high of/To reach a peak at.

To reach a bottom

An upward/downward trend in the percentage of change/price/demand during the period shown

In almost all of (the cities/groups/categories) except for

To remain constant/level off/stable at/steady/stay constant at)/maintain the same) level

To experience/to be (there be) no change/a levelling out

It is evident from the charts that

Turning to/Changing the subject

The figures for were fairly similar


Cities/places/companies witnessed

Noun/groups/categories experienced/lived/

A (slight/sharp/steady/rapid/quick /spectacular/substantial) growth/rise/increase ofin

A Drop/fall/decrease/decline/dip/reduction/slump of in

the number of (countable)

the amount of (uncountable)

Bringing totalExpressions:

(to be used with groups/categories) and, respectively

Expressing the Movement of a Line

Verbs Nouns

Rise (to) a rise

Increase (to) an increase

Go up to

Grow (to) growth

Climb (to) a climb

Boom a boom

Peak (at) (reach) a peak (at)

Fall (to) a fall (of)

Decline (to) a decline (of)

Decrease (to) a decrease (of)

Dip (to) a dip (of)

Drop (to) a drop (of)

Go down (to)

Reduce (to) a reduction (of)

A slump

Level out a leveling out

No change no change

Remain stable (at)

Remain steady (at)

Stay (at)

Stay constant (at)

Maintain the same level

Adjectives Adverbs

Dramatic dramatically

Sharp sharply

Huge hugely

Enormous enormously

Steep steeply

Substantial substantially

Considerable considerably

Significant significantly

Marked markedly

Moderate moderately

Slight slightly


Minimal minimallySpectacularDescribing the Speed of a Change

Adjectives Adverbs

Rapid rapidly

Quick quickly

Swift swiftly

Sudden suddenly

Steady steadily

Gradual gradually

Slow slowly

Bar ChartsMore___than__

To stand atPie Charts


To be located

To lie

south of the

To the south

Half way . And

Surrounded by

To the north

To the south-east

In the northern part

infrastructure featuresTask 1

Describing trendsRelated verbs and nouns Understanding dataTo fall steadily

To rise (rose/risen) gradually

To fluctuate wildly

To drop(dropped) slightly

To fall and then level(levelled) off

To rise(rose) gradually and then climb(ed) sharply

To decrease and then level off

To drop suddenly

To (sky)rocket

Relative to previous figures

To double

To halve

To treble

To experienced a (ten-fold) increase









SpectacularlyWildly (fluctuate) / erratically (change)Slightly





There was/were

a steady fall in the consumption of chocolate

a wild fluctuation in spice exports all over the period

..a gradual fall in the number of new productsa significant drop in the purchases of tickets

a significant rise in the number of sites on the Internet

a slight fluctuation in the number of visitors.

a sudden decrease in the sale of mangos

a gradual decline in sugar imports

.a slow increase in the quality of food in supermarkets.a remarkable fluctuation in the number of air travellers

___ of ____

Chocolate consumption

Film production

Task 2Comparing informationAdverbs in comparisonsComparing and contrastingComparing

More/fewer (males) than (females)

The TV was more/less popular among (males) than (females)

The most/least popular/favourite form of communication was the Internet

As manyas

Not as many as

(Not) As many (females) as males chose the computer


The bicycle was chosen/selected/named/picked by more/fewer (males) than (females)

The bicycle was more/less popular among (males) than (females)

ActiveMore/Fewer males than females chose/selected/named/picked/expressed their preference for the bicycle

The ___club/society attracted/appeal to more males than females.

The __club attracted a borader range of people.

In general, 25-year olds are more involved in societies.

The arts and crafts society has the greatest/smallest number of members of

Only 25 people from the younger age group are members of the historical society

Some (clubs/societies) are clearly more popular with one of the groups.

Adverbs in comparisonsSlightly more/fewer/lessthan

Fairly (quite) popular with




Many/slightly more

Much/slightly more/less

e.g. Illiteracy is much less common than in previous generationsFar fewer/more

e.g. The exhibition attracted far fewer visitors than expected.

Almost (as manyas)


Practically (as many as)

Equally (popular with)

Comparing and contrasting

Wherease.g. Some societies are clearly more popular with one of the age groups, whereas the arqueological society is equally popular with bothIn comparison with (noun phrase)e.g.___and__ clubs attract a broader attract a broader range of people, in comparison with the historical societyBut

e.g. The __ has the greatest number of 25-30 year-olds, but is one of the least popular with the older age group

Compared with (noun phrase)e.g. In general, the 20-30 year-olds are more actively involved in societies compared with the older age group.


e.g. Only 25 people from the younger age group are members of the historical society, while the figure for 45-65 year olds is about 50


e.g. The __social club has slightly more members in the younger age bracket, although it is fairly popular with both age group.To change category.

For the (category), the pattern is reversed (the same for reinforcing trend)

Compared to

As opposed to

As againstTask 3The passivesequencing

Natural processes ( Active.

e.g. the river flows from its source, falls from the mountains, meanders through the plateau and merges with the sea at its mouth.

Manufacturing process(Passive

To reach (when the air flow reaches high ground and cools down, it condenses to form rain. As a result)

To condense

To form

The temperature rises

The sun shines

To occur

To begin

To dry out

To grow

To cool down

To openTo rise

To die/live

To drop

To turn

To perspire (planst)-transpirar

To power

To be manufactured/heated/extracted/dug up (from the ground at the mine)/constructed/built/added

Cooled (with blasts of cold air/heated (to a higher tempeture)

To be formed

To be opened

To be made

To be designed

To be produced

To be sent

To be obtained

To be cooled

To be heated

To be covered

To be trapped

To be mined

To be plantedTo be baked

To be tested

To passed on to

To be driven

To be piped

To be piped.

Line worker



Then, after the factory, it is

After this

Afterwards,Following that,


From this

After the ___is collected, it is sent and then__

Once___ the is____, it isWhen the cycle is completed and then

As soon as.

Later on,

As a result

And now is

Before__-+ing, the__ is____-.

Task 4General and specific statementscomparing informationdescribing proportionsSpecific statements-(See introductory expressions

General statement + data.

Data: the figures for were/are ___ and ___ respectively.

The average or all students in this category is a hefty


(complete different trend but not necessarily opposed to the previ