ielts writing skills presentation

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    Writing skills

    Davide Melzi

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    First things first

    Familiarise students with the tasks What tasks ?

    2

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    TASK 1

    Description of visual information:

    7 possible variations

    3

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    LINE GRAPHS

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    BAR CHARTS

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    PIE CHARTS

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    MULTIPLE CHARTS

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    TABLES

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    MAPS & PLANS

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    DIAGRAMS

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    TASK 2

    Essay Give personal opinion about

    contemporary issues

    Personal opinion must be supported by reasons and examples

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    QUESTION TYPES

    STATEMENT AGREE vs DISAGREE

    TWO SIDES OF AN ARGUMENT DISCUSS & GIVE OPINION

    PROBLEM DESCRIBE CAUSES & SOLUTIONS

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    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

    4 for each task (25% * 4) TASK ACHIEVEMENT (T1) / TASK RESPONSE (T2)

    COHERENCE & COHESION

    LEXICAL RESOURCE

    GRAMMATICAL RANGE & ACCURACY

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    Task achievement / response = task fulfilment

    TASK 1

    OVERVIEW

    KEY FEATURES MAIN POINTS AND DATA

    150 WORDS

    TASK 2

    TAKE POSITION ADDRESS ALL THE

    POINTS

    GIVE EXAMPLES AND REASONS

    STAY ON TOPIC 250 WORDS

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    Task 1: OVERVIEW AND WORD COUNT

    OVERVIEW Summarises / gives a general picture of the most relevant

    visual information

    Example: The graph below gives information about the technology that households in one US city used for watching television between 2004 and 2014

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    Sample

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    Word count It bears a close and direct relation to the:

    OVERVIEW

    RAISE STUDENTS AWARENESS ABOUT:

    Copying or lifting phrases or clauses from the rubric Repeating the exact wording of the question

    Copied words are detracted

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    Synonyms and paraphrases Students need to expand their vocabulary

    Expose students to authentic materials (e.g. newspapers articles, The Economist daily charts)

    Gapfill exercises

    Consolidation exercises aimed at recycling vocabulary

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    Task 2 MOST COMMON PROBLEMS IN ESSAY WRITING

    A PARAGRAPH is a paragraph is a paragraph is a paragraph is a paragraph

    You absolutely have to insist on this Paragraphing helps progression, which is assessed

    according to COHESION AND COHERENCE

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    LACK OF EXAMPLES AND REASONS

    DIFFERENT SIDES OF AN ARGUMENT ARE NOT DISCUSSED

    NO PLANNING

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    Task 2 POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS

    Have DISCUSSIONS in class Promote DEBATES based on contemporary issue Divide the class into groups for BRAINSTORMING

    PURPOSES

    Have students to discuss PROS AND CONS

    This should be followed by some Writing practice

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    SKILLSIELTS is not JUST about

    GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY

    Students DO have to write in: CLEAR, COHERENT, WELL-ORGANISED ENGLISH

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    BUT LETS NOT FORGET ABOUT

    STRATEGY

    TIME MANAGEMENT

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    TIME MANAGEMENT TASK 1 20 minutes

    TASK 2 40 minutes

    Students are subject to time restrictions THIS MEANS

    PLANNING IS CRUCIAL

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    BAND 6 BAND 7 Strategy and planning increase students chances of

    SUCCESS Contrary to what might be generally expected: Band 6 : LR attempts to use less common vocabulary but with some inaccuracy makes some errors in spelling and/or word formation, but they do not impede communication

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    Band 6 : GR makes some errors in grammar and punctuation but they rarely reduce communication Band 7: LR may produce occasional errors in word choice, spelling and/or word formation Band 7: GR produces frequent error-free sentences has good control of grammar and punctuation but may make a few errors

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    GRAMMAR & VOCAB Task 1: Past and future tenses Active vs Passive voice Adjectives & adverbs + Collocations Comparison & Approximation + Contrastive devices Prepositions Modals Vocab for trends and movements

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    GRAMMAR & VOCAB cont. Task 2 Impersonal contructions IT constructions Passive voice Participle clauses Noun phrases Linking devices