Ielts Writing

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a book helping you to improve writing skill

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INTERMEDIATE ADVANCED

text 2write.com

How to write

IELTS Essays

by ROBERT LEWIS

M.A. LINGUISTICS

how to use this book for self study

For self-study, you should work through the book, from page one to the end, checking

your answers as you complete each of the exercises. Begin by reading the Introduction

and learn about the essay form, the key stages and the language features of the essay

that are important for this form of persuasive communication.

What is the best way to study?

First, find a quiet and comfortable place where you can work. You should feel good

working there. Do a minimum of 40 minutes each day. Try to make a regular time for

study, so that it becomes routine - the same time and place every day.

You will need a dictionary to check the meaning of new

vocabulary. At this level (advanced) you should use an

Advanced Learners dictionary of English - rather than a

bilingual dictionary. Whenever you find common or familiar

expressions that you dont know, learn these words first.

They are the building blocks for the more difficult

vocabulary you will learn later. Develop your vocabulary,

step by step. The best way to learn new words is to

guess their meaning from the context, check the meaning

in a dictionary, and practice using them in your writing.

The topics in this book are general topics selected to

help develop your academic vocabulary. You should also

read widely and become familiar with other topics and

issues. It is a good idea to read about topics that are

less familiar to you, but still relevant for a general English

test, like the IELTS.

What else can I do?

By completing all

the exercises in this

book, you are taking

positive steps

towards achieving

your goals.

Remember - every

page completed is a

giant step toward

achieving success in

essay writing.

Find a friend who will practice speaking English with you and discuss together the

topics and issues that you read about in this book Of course, an English teacher will

be helpful when you need to have your essays corrected and get advice about any

errors you might be making in your writing.

At the end of each chapter there is a checklist of things to look for in your writing.

Check that you have done all these things, and, if you need to, make changes and

corrections. Finally, it is advisable to attempt the sample essay questions provided at

the end of each chapter. By completing all the exercises in this book, you are taking

positive steps towards achieving your goals. Remember - every page completed is a

giant step toward achieving success in essay writing.

terms & abbreviations

/

claim

context

diff.

discuss

eg.

essay

etc.

exposition

exam

formal language

gaps

genre

i.e.

IELTS

intro

L

match

no.

practice

proposition

p/w

Q.

R

re./ref.

recommendation

recount

structure

strategy

s.o.

s.t.

text

via

viz.

2

- alternative eg. x/y =. (x) OR (y)

- to say without proof/evidence something is true

- situation and circumstances

- different

- (1) talk about, (2) consider two or more sides

example

- type of persuasive/written text

etcetera : and so on

- factual writing eg. explanation, argument, etc.

- examination

impersonal language used in formal situations

spaces where words are missing

- type of text. eg. recount, narrative, exposition

that is

- International English Language Testing System

- introduction

- left

- put together, link

- number

- purposeful activity

- a statement or claim that may be true

- per week

- question or essay question

- right

- reference to / concerning / about

- final suggestion, advice

- retelling of past events, story about people

- form, organization into stages or steps

a way of doing s.t., a method or technique

- some one

- some thing

- a written passage, sometimes transcribed spoken

- through

- such as

www.text2write.com copyright Robert Lewis

contents

The Essay INTRODUCTION

LANGUAGE LEARNINGTOPIC 1 :

Reading & Vocabulary

Grammar : Be Logical

Writing practice

Review, checklist, sample questions

WORK AND LEISURETOPIC 2 :

Reading & Vocabulary

Grammar : Be Authoritative

Writing practice

Review, checklist, sample questions

THE ENVIRONMENTTOPIC 3 :

Reading & Vocabulary

Grammar : Reason

Writing practice

Review, checklist, sample questions

TV & COMPUTER GAMESTOPIC 4 :

Reading & Vocabulary

Grammar : Be Cohesive

Writing practice

Review, checklist, sample questions

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TOPIC 5 :

Reading & Vocabulary

Grammar : Sound Reasonable

Writing practice

Review, checklist, sample questions

ANSWERS

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93

3

introduction

What is an essay?

The essay is a form of academic writing widely used in secondary and higher education. The

general purpose of the essay is to demonstrate the importance of a given subject or issue, and

persuade an educated reader to consider the writers point of view on the issue.

What is an exam essay? What do they examine?

Exam essays, like the IELTS Task 2, test a students ability to think analytically, present

persuasive arguments and thus communicate effectively in an academic context. In other words,

the writer should show that they can :

- answer the question, which requires the careful analysis of the question,

- present and develop logical and reasonable arguments, and

- communicate clearly, using appropriate language (vocabulary and grammar).

What are the key stages of an essay?

It is important to remember that the exam essay is a response to a given question, so it should

answer the question clearly and decisively. To this end, the writer makes their position clear

from the start, and then presents a sequence of arguments in support of their position, before

finally restating their position. These are the three key stages of any essay.

KEY STAGES

Position

INTRODUCTION

Sequence of

BODY

Arguments

Restatement

CONCLUSION

The writer states their position or opinion,

in response to the question/s.

A sequence of arguments is given to

support the writers position.

Each argument is a claim supported with

reasons, facts and examples.

The writer re-states their position to

conclude.

The staging of the essay is (in itself) a persuasive device. Statement and repeated restatement

reinforce the writers position. Depending on the number, strength and logical development of

arguments, any given essay will be more or less persuasive and more or less successful.

Most essays include a few optional stages, such as a lead-in (which introduces the topic by

providing some very general background information/ideas), and the preview stage (which

previews the arguments that will follow). A recommendation is optional, depending on the essay

4www.text2write.com copyright Robert Lewis

question. Though many essays will differ, in terms of optional staging, all essays display the

same key stages as above. The sample essay below illustrates a more complex staging of the

essay genre.

This essay (below) is a good example because it has a clear position statement, previews the

arguments that follow, and proceeds to develop argumentation logically and coherently. The

recommendation stage follows logically from the essay question, as the writer is required to

discuss solutions to the problem of gambling.

What are the causes, effects and possible solutions to the problem of gambling?

STAGING

GAMBLING

sample essay

Many people participate in gambling as a form of recreation and

Lead-in

POSITION

Preview

Sequence of

ARGUMENTS

1.

2.

3.

Restatement

Recommendation

entertainment. It is very popular in countries, like Australia, where more

than 20 billion dollars was spent on gambling in the year 2000. However,

gambling is viewed by many as a problem for society . There are causes,

effects and possible solutions for the problems related to gambling.