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<ul><li><p>Practlce TestsFour tests for the Internationol EnglishLa n g u a g e Te a chi n g Syste m</p><p>PETER MAY</p><p>OXTORD</p></li><li><p>OXTORDU\I\ ' IRSITY PRESS</p><p>Great Clarendon Street, Oxford ox2 6DpOxford University Press is a department ofthe University ofOxford.It furthers the Unive$ity's objective of excellence in research, scholarship,and education by publishing worldwide inOxford \ewYork.\ucklaad CapeTown DaresSalaam HongKong KarachiKuala Lumpur Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Nairobi\ervDelhi Shalghai Taipei Toronto\\'irh offices in.{rgentina Austria Brazil Chile CzechRepublic France GreeceGuatemala Hungary Italy Japan Poland Portugal SingaporeSouth Korea Switzerland Thailand Turkey Ukraine Vietnam</p><p>oxFoRD and oxFoRD ENGLISH are registered trade marks ofOford University Press in the UK and in certain other countdes</p><p>I Oxford University Press 2oo4The moral rights ofthe author have been assertedDatabase righr Oxford University Press (maker)F:sr published zoo4:4 10</p><p>._-</p><p>--! - -:,,.: - '. y"' . .i this publication may be reproduced,j: -:i: ::: a :e:jeval svstem, or transmitted, in any form or by any means,</p><p>'.\ -:-t , :: -re :nor permission in writing of oxford University Press (with</p><p>--:= .: </p><p>-. erception ofphotocopying carried out under the conditions stated</p><p>]:- :.lc :aragraph headed 'Photocopying'), or as expressly permitted by law, or'*::e::erns agreed with the appropriate reprographics rights organization.!::q;ries concerning reproduction outside the scope ofthe above should-.e sent to the ELI Rights Department, Oxford University Press, at theaddress above\bu must not circulate this book in any other binding or coverand you must irnpose this same condition on any acquirer</p><p>PhotocopyingThe Fubhsher grants permission for the photocopying ofthose pages marked'photocopiable' according to tlie foilowing conditions. Individual purchasersmay make copies for their own use or for use by classes that they teach.School purchasers may make copies for use by staffand students, but thispermission does not extend to additional schools or branchesUnder no circumstances may any pan ofthis book be photocopied for resale</p><p>Any websites referred to in this publication are in the public domain andtheir addresses are provided by Oxford University Press for information only.Oxford University Press disclaims any responsibility for the content</p><p>rsBN: 978 o 19 457529 4</p><p>Printed in China</p><p>This book is printed on paper fiom certified and well-managed sources.</p><p>ACKNO\^/LED GE M ENTS</p><p>The Mthors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproducethe following extracts and adaptatLotts of copynghtmatenal:pp23-24'Vanished' by Douglas Mcllnis published by New Scientist,5 December 2003. Reproduced by permission ofNew Saentist.pp28-29'Dogs: a Love Story'byAngus Phillips, National Ge ographic,Jamtary2002. Reprinted by permission ofNational Geograplnc.p32 'Selected countries ofresidence ofvisitor arrivals' fiom Australian SocialTrends 2002 Education - Participation in Education: Overseas studentspp4445'Combating loneliness and hornesickness', fiomwww.nusonline.co.uk/content/advice. Reproduced by permission of NationalUnion ofstudent.ppa6a7 'Oxford University Language Centre Library FAQs', fionwww.lang.ox.co.uk. Reproduced by permission of Oxford UniversityT </p><p>'norroe aerrhe</p><p>pp50-51 'Scratching the surface' by David Hambling, The Guardian,28 November 2002. Reproduced by permission ofDavid Hambling.pp59-50 'Life, but not as we know it' by Henry Gee,The Guardian,22 February 2001. Reproduced by permission ofHenry Gee.</p><p>p75 'Students with disabilities'. Reproduced with the permissior ofNelsonThornes Ltd from Push Guide to Choosxng aNew University 2nd Edition (2004) -ISBN 07487 90276.pp78-79'How fir'eworks work' by Marshall Brain fi'omwww.science.howstuffworks.com/fireworks. Reproduced by permission ofhowstufworks.pp80-81 'UDmasking skin' byJoei L Swerdlow, National Geographic, November2002. Reprinted by permission of National Geographic.pp85-86 'How Lock Picking Works' by Tom Harris and Marshail Brain fromwwwscience.howstuffiMorks.com/lockpicking. Reproduced by permission ofhowstuffworks.pp88-89 'Stars without the stripes' by Richard Scase, The Observer, 1 July 2001.Reproduced by permission of Richard Scase.p102 'The Secret Sffike' by Tim Thwaites published by New Scientist,6 December 2003. Reproduced by permission ofNew Scientist.pp103-104 'The Power ofLight' byJoel Achenbach, Nationol Geographic,October 2001. Reprinted by permission ofNational Geographic.pp772-773 'The Ring Cycie' by Mike Baillie, The Guardian: Frontiers 01,Science and Technology 2001-2002, ed. T Radford, Atlantic Books 2002.Reproduced by permission of Mike Baillie.p115 'Teenagers aged 13-19 years and the total population: hospitalisationrates for certain' fi:om Australian Social Trends 2002 Family LivingArrangements: Selected risks faced by teenagers. ABS data used withpermission ffom the Ausualian Bureau of Statistics wwwabs.gov.au.</p><p>Sourcesp92 www.un. org/millenniumgoals/</p><p>Although every effort has been rnade to trace and contact copyright holdersbefore publication, this has not been possible in some cases.We apologize for any apparent infringement of copyright and if notified, thepublisher will be pleased to recti$r any errors or omissions at t}re earliestopportunity.</p><p>The publisher is gpteful to the University of Carnbridge Local ExaninationsSlrrdicate for permission to reproduce IELTS answer sheets.</p><p>The publisher would4ke to thqnkthe followingfor their permissionto reprod,ucephotographs: Namy Images pp80 (cactus thorn and finger/Gerard Maas), 81(water poured on hand/Pixland); Corbis pp28 (wolfpackfom Brakefield), 55(canal boatiBuddy Mays); Frank lane Picture Agency pp28 (sheep and dogs/Foto Natura Catalogue), 112 (tree rings/Maurice Nimmo); Iqrage100 p88(presentation); Kobal Collection p59 (Day the Eafth); OUP pp19 (astronautover Earth/PhotoDisc), 103 (Iightning/PhotoDisc), 103 (eclipse/PhotoDisc).Illustr ations by : Julian Baker pp49, 57, 7 8, 86i Mark Duffi n pp2 3, 64, 7 9, 99,107; Nigel Paige pp50</p></li><li><p>ContentsIntroductionIETIS Factfile</p><p>Test IListeningAcademic ReadingAcademic WritingSpeakingImprove your skills key</p><p>Test 2ListeningAcademic ReadingAcademic WritingSpeakingImprove your skills key</p><p>Test 3ListeningAcademic ReadingAcademic WritingSpeakingImprove your skills key</p><p>Test 4ListeningAcademic ReadingAcademic WritingSpeaking</p><p>Explanatory k ySample writing answersSample answer sheets</p><p>4</p><p>6</p><p>101018323639</p><p>424250646B71</p><p>7474</p><p>BO929597</p><p>9B98103</p><p>115</p><p>117</p><p>119166174</p></li><li><p>lntroductionThis book contains four complete practice te'its fo,IELTS (the lnternational English Language TestingSystem), covering the Listening, Academic Reading,Academic Writing and Speaking modules in eachtest.lt is intended for use either as part of aclassroom preparation course for the exam or forself-study at home.Test 1 and Test 2 contain extensive advice andthorough training for allthe most common questiontypes used in the exam.The explanatory key editionalso contains explanations for why answers arecorrect.lt is recommended that self-study studentsuse the explanatory key edition.</p><p>How to use this bookBegin by reading this Introduction, referring to eachcomponent of the book in turn.Then read thehelpfuladvice on each module in the IELTS Factfileon pages 6-9.The next step is to work through Tests 1 and 2.To getthe most from the training they contain, follow thisspecial procedure:. Before beginning each exam task,read the</p><p>Strategies which describe how to approach it.. Then answer the question s in lmprove your skills.</p><p>Remember to check your answers to these, whichare located at the end of each test.</p><p>. Finally, attempt the exam task, making use of theskills you have learned.</p><p>In Tests 3 and 4, you can apply the skills you havedeveloped. Any of the tests can also be done underexam conditions, including Tests 1 and 2, providedyou leave the Strotegies and lmproveyourskil/s untilafter you finish.</p><p>lf using the explanatory key edition, you can alsocheck your answers and review questions which youfound difficult.</p><p>Exam trainingStrategies</p><p>Tests 1 and 2 cover the most common IELTS tasktypes and their main variations.The Strategies give aseries of clear instructions on how to approach eachtask type, from analysing the question to expressingyour answers.For each Writing task in Tests 1-3, these are dividedinto Question and Composition Strategies:Question Strategies show you how to interpret thequestion and plan your essay. For Writing Task 1 youalso learn how to process visual information quickly,while for Writing Task 2 you find out how to chooseyour approach to the topic.Composition Strategies focus on how to write youressay, incl uding content, organization, a ppropriatelanguage, linking devices, and style.</p><p>IfLTS Practic*Tests</p></li><li><p>Improve your skillsFor each task in Tests 1 and 2, there is also at leastone Improveyour skills feature.These put theStrategies into practice, helping you develop the skillsyou need to tackle exam questions. For example, theexercise may check your understanding of theinstructions or may ask you to predict answersbefore you listen or read.Before you go on to the exam taslq you should checkyour answers in the lmprove your skills key at the endof each Test.</p><p>Explanatory keyYou can use the explanatory key to confirm or findout why particular answers are correct. In the case ofmultiple-choice, matching lists, and other questiontypes in which there are several options, it alsoexplains why some are incorrect.For the Listening module,the notes may also drawyour attention to the'prompt': the word or phraseyou hear which tells you that the answer to aparticular question is coming soon.The relevantextract.from the script occurs immediately after theexplanations for each set of questions. Words,phrases or sentences relating to each answer are inbold in the script.</p><p>Sample writing answersThis section contains sample answers to all tasks inthe writing modules.These are written by students,so it should be remembered that there are alwaysdifferent ways of approaching each one. All thesample answers are accompanied by commentsmade by an experienced IELTS Examiner.Thesecomments are a useful guide to the main strengthsand weaknesses of each essay.You may find ithelpful to look for examples of positive and negativepoints in these and to think about them when youare planning and writing similar essays of your own.</p><p>The testsThe four tests within this book are at IELTS examlevel.They contain a range of topics that arerepresentative of the IELTS examination.Topics forReading and Writing have been chosen to reflect theAcademic modules for those skills.</p><p>Tests 1 and 2 are focused on exam training, but allfour tests can also be used under exam conditions.You will require:. a quiet place to wor( free from interruptions. writing materials. a CD-player. a clock or watch to ensure you keep to the time</p><p>allowedFor the Listening module, play it through to the end,without a pause, and write your answers.When therecording ends, stop writing and don't listen again toany part of it.The listening modules forTests 3 and 4have been recorded to be used in this way. For theother modules, keep strictly to the time indicated.</p><p>The IERS examinationThe academic version of the IELTS examinationassesses whether you are ready to begin a universitycourse in English.lt is widely recognized for coursesin countries around the world.</p><p>Taking the examThere are IELTS tests centres in over 105 countries,where it can be taken on a number of possible dateseach year. Candidates should have a good level ofEnglish and be aged at least 16. lt is advisable to findout well in advance what score is needed to enter auniversity or other institution.Candidates take the Listening, Reading and Writingmodules al lon one day,with the Speaking moduleeither on the same day or within a week of thesethree.Two weeks later, each candidate receives a TestReport Form.This shows their score for each moduleon a scale from 1 to 9, as well as an average over thefour modules.As with all other exams of this kind,the test score isvalid for two years. Candidates can repeat the examafter three months, although each time you takeIELTS you have to sit all four modules.Special facilities and provisions are available fordisabled candidates, for example if they suffer fromvisual or hearing difficulties, or if they have a specificlearning difficulty.For further information on all aspects of the exam,see the IELTS Handbook or contact Cambridge ESOL,the British Council, or IDP Education Australia.</p><p>lntroductian</p></li><li><p>IELTS FactfileThe exam is divided into four modules, taketr in the following order.</p><p>LiStening In each section you will hear a recording.The four sections become progressively30 minutes more difficult and each recording is played once only.There are pauses to divide</p><p>the recording into smaller parts. For each part you need to answer a series ofquestions of one type.</p><p>Tips and hints . Read the questions before each section of the recording begins.. Use the pauses to prepare for the next set of questions.. Study the instructions to find out what you have to write and where.' Use the example at the beginning of the first section to familiarize yourself</p><p>with the sound, the situation, and the speakers.' Keep listening all the time,looking only at the questions that relate to the part</p><p>being played.' Remember that the topics are non-technical and no more difficult for you</p><p>than for students of other subjects.. Answer questions in the order they appear on the Question Paper - they</p><p>normally follow the order of information in the recording.. You have some time after the tape ends to transfer your answers to the</p><p>Answer Sheet - check your grammar and spelling as you do so.' There may be a variety of English accents and dialects, so practise listening to</p><p>speakers from different places and backgrounds.</p><p>Section Number of items Text type Task types1 10 social or transactional</p><p>conversation (2 speakers)completing notes, table, senten(diagram, flow chart or summaryshort-answer questions</p><p>various kinds of multiple-choicequestions</p><p>labelling parts of a diagramclassification</p><p>matching listssentence completioncorrectino notes</p><p>2 10 talk or speech on social needs(1 speaker)</p><p>3 10 conversation in educationalcontext (2-4 speakers)</p><p>4 10 talk or lecture on topic ofgeneral interest (1 speaker)</p><p>tenceS,</p><p>ecting notes</p><p>6 '[LTS </p><p>Practic* Tests</p></li><li><p>Academic Reading60 minutes</p><p>Tips and hints</p><p>The three passages contain 2000-2750 words in total and become progressivelymore difficult, but they are always suitable for non-specialist readers. lf anytechnical terms are used, they will be explained in a glossary.While the numberof questions for each passage may vary, there are always forty items in total.</p><p>First read each passage quickly and ask yourself questions, e.g. What is thetopic? Where is the text probably taken from? What is the writer's mainpurpose? Who is the intended reader? In what style is it written?Don't try to understand the exact meaning of every word.There isn't time,an...</p></li></ul>