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  • IELTS Report Writing You should write at least 150 words. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

    1. The table below shows the number of medals won by the top ten countries in the London 2012 Olympic Games. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

    The table shows the number of medals won by the top ten countries in the London 2012 Olympic Games. The USA won greatest number of medals overall with the total of 104. They won more gold medals than silver and more medals than any other country in both categories. China had the second number of medals at 88, and like the USA, China won fewer silver medals than gold medals.

    While Russias silver medal total was better than Great Britains, they did not do as well as Great Britain in the gold medals, winning just 24. In fact Great Britain had a lower overall medal total than Russia but, as the table is based on the number of gold medals won, they were placed third. Similarly, Germany was significantly more successful at winning medals than South Korea, with a total of 44 compared to South Koreas 28, but because South Korea won two more gold medals than Germany they were ranked higher. Australia gave the worst performance in this group, winning only seven gold and sixteen silver medals.

    2. The pie charts below show the average household expenditures in a country in 1950 and 2010. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

  • The two pie charts give information about household expenditure on goods and services in 1950 and 2010. It is immediately obvious that there are some quite significant differences between the two charts.

    In 2010 the largest proportion of expenditure was on food whereas in 1950 it was on housing, with food for just 11.2%. There is a great difference in terms of housing expenditure between the two years. In 1950 72.1% of the total household budget went towards housing, compared to only 22% in 2010.

    There has been a notable increase in the amount of money spent on transportation between the two dates. In addition, the charts show a significant rise in the proportion of money spent on health care in 2010 compared to 1950.

    There are some similarities, however. For example, in both 1950 and 2010 the proportion of education expenditure was roughly the same.

    3. The table below shows the average band scores for students from different language groups taking the IELTS General Test in 2010. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

    The table illustrates the breakdown of scores for the IELTS General Test in 2010. It shows separate scores for all four sections (Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking), together with the overall score for students from four different language groups around the world.

    From an overall perspective, German speakers achieved the highest grades with an average score of 6.7 across all four sections. Moreover, they scored the highest of all four language groups in three sections of the four sections (Listening, Writing, Speaking).

  • French speakers scored the second highest scores overall, closely followed by Malay and Indonesian speakers. Although French speakers did not do so well in the Reading, Speaking and Listening sections compared to Indonesian and Malay speakers, there was a significant difference in their grades for the Writing section. These grades were high relative to Indonesian and Malay candidates. Surprisingly, Malay speakers, who achieved the second lowest results overall, achieved the highest results of all four language groups for the Reading section.

    As a final point, it is interesting to note that the scores for each section show that all students on average scored the highest marks for the Speaking section and the lowest marks for the Reading section.

    4. The graph below shows the population figures of different types of turtles in India between 1980 and 2012. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

    The total number of all species of turtles in India has been relatively stable over the last two decades, although there were significant drops in numbers between 1987 and 1989 and again in 1992 and 1996. Since 2004 there has been an improvement in numbers of all species, although the graph shows a slight decrease in 2010.

    In contrast, the population of Leatherback turtles has suffered a severe decline, particularly in 1988 when numbers fell dramatically. The rate of decline in the population appears to have slowed and it has remained relatively stable since 2009.

    There was also a fall in the number of Green turtles of around 30% between 1984 and 2002. The population increased slightly in 2010 but it had dropped again by 2012.

    It is only Olive Ridley turtles that have seen a steady increase in population over this period. Their numbers dropped slightly in 2007 and again in 2012 but the overall trend has been a positive one.

    5. The following diagram shows how greenhouse gases trap energy from the Sun. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

  • Complete the answer by filling the gaps with a word or phrase from the box below.

    lead to release result in subsequently amounts

    fell reach less decades as a result of

    Energy from the Sun .................... the Earth as heat. Some of this heat energy is .................... radiated into space, while some of it is trapped by greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and reflected back to Earth. This is a natural process, but in recent ...................., human activities have .................... an increase in the .................... of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere which is now trapping too much heat.

    One of the main greenhouse gases is carbon dioxide, and extra quantities of this .................... into the atmosphere .................... burning fossil fuels as a source of energy in power stations, factories and homes. Exhaust gases from cars and lorries .................... further emissions of carbon dioxide.

    Plants serve to remove some of the carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by absorbing it through their leaves. However, as large areas of forest .................... in the Amazon and elsewhere, .................... carbon dioxide is removed in this way.

    Answer:

    Energy from the Sun reaches the Earth as heat. Some of this heat energy is subsequently/then radiated into space, while some of it is trapped by greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and reflected back to Earth. This is a natural process, but in recent decades, human activities have led to an increase in the amounts of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere which is now trapping too much heat.

    One of the main greenhouse gases is carbon dioxide, and extra quantities of this are released/have been released into the atmosphere as a result of burning fossil fuels as a source of energy in power stations, factories and homes. Exhaust gases from cars and lorries result in/have resulted in further emissions of carbon dioxide.

  • Plants serve to remove some of the carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by absorbing it through their leaves. However, as large areas of forest are (being) felled/have been felled in the Amazon and elsewhere, less carbon dioxide is removed in this way.

    6. The bar chart below shows the estimated sales of jeans for two companies next year in Turkey. The pie chart shows the projected market share of the two companies in jeans at the end of next year. Write a short report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

    Answer 1

    The bar chart shows the estimated sales of jeans in thousands of pairs for two companies in Turkey next year.

    It is anticipated that purchases of jeans at Mango Co. will rise from 150,000 pairs in January to approximately 500,000 pairs in August, and will remain there until November. For December, sales are expected to be in the region of 600,000 pairs.

    Meanwhile, it is estimated that the sales of jeans for Jack & Jones Co. will begin the year at around 450,000 pairs in January, falling to about 250,000, before increasing to around 400,000 in June. For the next two months until August, sales are forecast to remain steady at this level, after which they are expected to rise steadily to hit a peak of approximately 900,000 pairs in December.

    The pie chart shows that, at the end of next year, the anticipated market share for Mango Co. and Jack & Jones Co. is 20% and 30% respectively.

    As can be seen from the chart, the overall sales trends for both companies are forecast to be upwards.

  • Answer 2:

    The bar chart shows the predicted sales of jeans in thousands of pairs for two companies in Turkey; Mango Co. and Jack & Jones Co. for next year.

    The most striking feature is that sales will increase for both companies, It is anticipated that sales of Jack & Jones Co. will start at 450,000 pairs in January decreasing by 200,000 pairs following month with a gradual recover over the subsequent four months reaching 400,000 pairs in June. Those of Jack & Jones Co. are predicted to be stable until August picking up to 600,000 pairs in September and October.

    Sales of Jack & Jones will reach a pick of 900,000 in December, For those of Mango Co. is forecasted a gradual increase with the largest sale of 600,000 pairs in December. In the beginning of the next year those of Mango Co. will stand at 150,000 pairs falling back to 100,000 pairs in February, rising steadily to 250,000 in June, In subsequent months sales will reach 450,