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2. WHAT IS IELTS????? IELTS, or International English Language Testing System, is an international standardised test of English language proficiency. IELTS is the world's leading test of English for higher education, immigration and employment. It is jointly managed by University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations, the British Council and IDP Education Pty Ltd, and was established in 1989. 3. WHY IT IS HELPFUL?????? IELTS is accepted by most Australian, British, Canadian, Irish, New Zealand and South African academic institutions, over 3,000 academic institutions in the United States, and various professional organisations. It is also a requirement for immigration to Australia, New Zealand and Canada 4. TYPES..... IELTS EXAMACADEMICGENERAL 5. EACH SECTION..... 6. Reading..... The reading test is considered by many to be the most difficult part of IELTS. You have to read 3 long sections, each with multiple paragraphs, and answer 40 questions (13 to 14 per section). No extra time is given at the end to transfer your answers to the answer sheet. Answer all questions. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers. 7. The most important thing to understand is that the test does NOT assess your comprehension of the paragraphs. It does NOT test how well you have understood the passage. It tests specific skills called Scanning and Skimming.SCANNING Scanning is what one does, for example, when looking for a phone number in a directory. You know the specific information you are looking for and you go down the page quickly to find it. This technique is used when answering questions such as multiple-choice and matching. You scan the passage to quickly find the information mentioned in the question. Once you find it, you get the answer from the passage and write it against the question.SKIMMIN Skimming refers to reading a paragraph QUICKLY to get an idea of what it is about, without trying to understand its details. This technique is part of the initial reading. (It can be modified (reading a little slower) to answer "Provide headings for the paragraphs" , Question: "In which paragraph does this information appear in the text?" and "Author's views" type of questions. 8. Some important reading tips.... first read all the questions quickly to get an idea of what type of information is required and whether scanning or skimming (or a combination of the two) is called for. As you read the questions, use a pencil to underline important information such as dates, places and names. Once you are through with reading all the questions, skim over the text and underline / mark important parts. If you see any information relating to the questions, mark it straight away. You may even be able to answer some questions as you read. Answer the questions one by one with the help of the underlined parts of the text. Having read the text once, you will find it easy to find specific information by scanning.As soon as you find an answer, write it against the question on the question paper because you will not get extra time to transfer your answer to the answer sheet. 9. Question pattern of reading test Multiple choice Short-answer questions Sentence completion Notes/ summary/ diagram/ flow chart/ table completion Choosing from a "heading bank" for identified paragraphs/ sections of the text Identification of writer's views / attitudes/ claims Classification Matching lists / phrases 10. Writing... TASK - 1 TASK - 2Time: 20-25 minutesUsually three things asked in the task 1 & you have to write a paragraph about 150 words:1. Object (eg. a cycle is shown & various parts are labelled) 2. Process (eg. the various ways in which solar energy is used) 3. Data; (graphs of all types eg. line graph, bar graph, pie charts, tables etc)Time: 40 minutes In task 2 you have to write an essay near about 200 to 250 words which asks you to present an argument for or against of the topic. A suggested structure for writing is:1. Introduce the topic and state your stand, whether you agree or disagree. 2. Give arguments in support of your viewpoint supported by relevant examples. You have to write three things: General trend, Comparisons, differences. 3. State the contrary viewpoint and give reasons why you don't agree with it. 4. Conclude with a short concluding paragraph. 5. If there is time left at the end, revise your answers and correct any spelling or grammatical mistakes. 11. Types of graph PIE CHART BAR CHART LINE CHART PICTURE REPRESENTATION 12. NounsVerbsa rise an increase a surge a growth a peakto rise to increase to surge to grow to peak to skyrocketa fluctuation a variation a period of stability a plateau a fall a decrease a decline a dipPhrasesto show an upward trend to show a downward trend to hit the highest point to hit the lowest point to reach a peak to show some fluctuation to fluctuate wildly to fluctuate to remain stable to vary to remain static to remain unchanged to fall to stay constant to decrease to reach a plateau to decline to level off to dip to flatten out to dive the highest to plunge the lowest the second highest the third highest compared to compared with relative toAdverbsAdjectivessharply suddenly rapidly abruptly dramatically significantly steadily considerably markedly slightly gently gradually wildlysharp sudden rapid abrupt dramatic steep significant steady considerable marked slight gentle gradualVOCABULARY OF WRITING CHARTS 13. Essay present an organized argument that is supported by examples. In your IELTS essay your exam mark will be looking for.....Organized structure with clearly define paragraph Coherent sentences that link together using linking phrases A clear thesis that clearly answer the essay question Real life examples that support the argument A clear introduction & conclusion Adherence to length requirement( minimum 250 words) 14. FORMET OF ESSAY WRITING Paragraph 1- INTRODUCTION Sentence 1: background information Sentence 2: detail background statement Sentence 3: thesis Sentence 4: outline the sentenceParagraph 3 Second supporting paragraph Sentence 1: topic sentence Sentence 2: examples Sentence 3: discussion Sentence 4: conclusionParagraph 2 First supporting paragraph Sentence 1: topic sentence Sentence 2: examples Sentence 3: discussion Sentence 4: conclusionParagraph 4 Conclusion Sentence 1: summery Sentence 2: restatement of thesis Sentence 3: prediction or recommendation 15. ANALYSING TASK 2 ESSAYQUESTIONS Understanding the meaning of an essay question is essential to writing a solid essay is essential to writing a solid essay in response. For all essay question, you should first pinpoint these 3 attributes: 1. Scope 2. Keywords 3. Instruction words 16. DISCUSSION OF A SAMPLE QUESTION TASK 2 Technology is becoming increasingly prevalent in the world today. Given time, technology will completely replace the teacher in the classroom. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?Scope: Scope involves the topic that can & cannot be include in your written response. In this example essay question, the scope is technology & education related topics. We cannot write anything outside of this scope. We should write our essays intro, body, conclusion & examples relation with the scope. Keywords: keywords are the words in the question which tell us how the various ideas relate together. Here we see the phrase increasingly prevalent. What does this tell us about the technology? We also see completely replace. What is the connection? To write the essay we should think first about the keywords how the connect with the topic making examples & finally put your thought into words. 17. DISCUSSION OF A SAMPLE QUESTION TASK 2 Technology is becoming increasingly prevalent in the world today. Given time, technology will completely replace the teacher in the classroom. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?Instruction word:finally we need to locate the instruction words. Where is the question telling us to do something? Here: Do you agree or disagree with this statement? to answer this question properly we must answer it concisely & directly. To do this we must use a thesis.Thesis: An essays thesis is the most important sentence in the entire essay. Because it is the sentence that states our opinion in relation to what is being asked of us by the essay question. Thus. In the example question above our thesis can only be one of two thing: It is agree that technology will replace teachers in the classroom? Or It is not agree that technology will replace teachers in the classroom? Prepare sample answer in our mind, point out what are you going to write in each paragraph. Use few fords from essay question, try to vary your vocabulary as much as you can Try to give relevant examples. 18. Listening tips.... The questions are in SETS and you hear tape recording for one set at a time. Glance through the SET of questions for which you will be hearing the tape. Read the questions & find out what SPECIFIC information is required (name, place, date, number etc) Circle key words (Clue/trigger words) When the tape plays listen intently when you think your specific information will come. In each section they will give you some time to recheck the answer & read out the question try to read the question on that time that will very helpful to find the answer later when the tape start 19. Speaking.... The test consists of three parts. In Part 1 the candidate answers general questions about themselves, their homes/ families, their jobs/studies, their interests, and a range of similar familiar topic areas. This part lasts between four and five minutes. In Part 2 the candidate is given a verbal prompt on a card and is asked to talk on a particular topic. The candidate has one minute to prepare before speaking at length, for between one and two minutes. The examiner then


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