ielts ac writing task 2

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IELTSAcademicWritingTask2ActivityteachersnotesDescription An activity to introduce Academic Writing task 2, involving task analysis, idea generation, essayplanningandlanguageactivation.Studentsarethenaskedtowriteanessayandto analysetwosamplescripts. Timerequired: Additional materials required: Aims: 130minutes(90100minutesforprocedure112.Followuptext analysisanother3040mins). NonealthoughyoumightliketoprepareOHTsofsampletask OHTsofWorksheets1,2,3and4photocopiesofWorksheet5and thesamplescripts. togivestudentspracticeinthemainstepsrequiredtowriteatask2 answer toanalysethetask,generateideas,consideridearelevance toreviselanguagefororganisingtheessay topractisewritingatimedessay toshowstudentshowtoassessessayscritically.

Procedure 1. ShowthesampletaskonanOHTtotheclass.Handoutworksheet1orshowiton anOHTandaskstudentstoworkinpairstodiscusstheiranswerstoit. 2. Holdawholeclassfeedbacksession,clarifyinganypointsasnecessary. 3. Askstudentshowmanysidestherearetothisquestion.Makesurestudentsrealise there arefour. Use an OHT of worksheet2 or draw four boxes onthe boardas in worksheet2andaskstudentstocopythemontoapieceofA4,orhandoutworksheet 2. 4. Askstudentstobrainstorminpairssomeideasandexamplesforeachbox. 5. Showworksheet3onanOHTorhandout.Askthepairsofstudentstodiscusswhich oftheseideasarerelevantforthisessay.Remindstudentsthattheywillbepenalised iftheyincludeideaswhicharenotrelevanttotheessayquestion. 6. Redividetheclasssothatnewgroupsoffourareformedwithstudentswhowerenot workingtogetherpreviously.Dothisbytakingfourpairsandaskingonestudentfrom eachpairtoformagroup.Ifclassnumbersdonotallowgroupsoffour,usegroupsof three.

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademic WritingTask2Activity teachersnotes

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7. Studentsnowpooltheirideasandorganisethemtoformaplan.Theyshould considerwhichideasgotogether.Perhapstheywillneedtodropsomeoftheideasif therearetoomany,sotheywillneedtoconsiderwhichideasarethemostrelevant andimportant. 8. Oncethegroupshavedecidedontheideastheywilluse,askthemtoconsiderwhich oftheirideasareclaimsorviewsandwhichonesaresupportingevidence.They shouldbesuretohavesupportingevidenceorexamplesforeachoftheirclaimsat thisstage. 9. Handout,orshowonanOHT,worksheet4.Asaclass,studentsthinkofasmany expressionsaspossibleforeachbox.Remindstudentsthattheywillbepenalisedif theydontclearlyorganisetheiressay,andiftheydontuseavarietyofthesetypes ofexpressions. 10. Addtotheworksheetasnecessarybygoingthroughitwiththewholeclass. 11. Students write theiressay under timed conditions (30 minutes, plus 5 minutes self checkingattheend). 12. Studentsexchangetheiressayswithapartnerandcheckthemagainbeforehanding themtotheteacher.

Additionalinformation Makeacopyoftheassessmentcriteriaavailabletothestudentsbeforethislesson. Iftimeandinterestallows,thefollowupactivitycanbedonebeforetheywritetheirown essayi.e.betweensteps10and11intheprocedure.

Suggestedfollowupactivities/questions(andanswers) 1.Handoutthetwosamplescriptsplusworksheet5eitherthesamedayorafollowingday. Alternativelyusetwoessaysthattwoofyourstudentshavewritten(askthestudentfor permissionfirst),plustheworksheet. 2.Askthestudentstoreadthesamplescriptsoressaysandcompletetheworksheetas theyread. 3.Studentsdiscusstheiranswersinpairsandthenasaclass. 4.Studentsapplythesamequestionstotheirownessay(ifthisisdoneasfollowup).

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademic WritingTask2Activity teachersnotes

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IELTSAcademicWritingTask2ActivityanswerkeysKeytoWorksheet1 1.Isthetextinnormalprintsimplyadvice,ordocandidateshavetofollowit? TheseinstructionsappearoneachAcademicWritingQuestionPaperandcandidatesneed tofollowthemsothattheyanswerthequestionscorrectly. 2.Aretheretwosentencesthatgivecandidatesinstructionshere? No.Therearefourseparateinstructionsinthisquestion: Spendabout40minutesonthistask Writeaboutthefollowingtopic. Givereasonsforyouranswerandincludeanyrelevantexamplesfromyourownknowledge andexperience. Writeatleast250words. TheseinstructionswillappearwitheachWritingTask2andtheremaybeotherspecific instructionsinthequestionitself.Candidatesshouldalwaysmakesuretoreadallofthe printedinformationcarefully. 3.Isthewritinginbolditalicsthequestioncandidateshavetoanswer? Yes.ForeachAcademicWritingQuestionPaper,theTask2questionitselfisprintedinbold italics. 4.DocandidatesonlyhavetoanswerthequestionTowhatextentdoyouagreeor disagree? No.Thethreesentencesbeforethiscontaininformationwhichtellsthecandidatestheexact topicthattheyneedtodiscuss.Theywillneedtopresentinformationwhichisrelevanttothe topic,inthisparticularcase,theadvantagesanddisadvantagesassociatedwithnuclear weaponsandnuclearpower.Anyviewsexpressedwillneedtobesupportedusing examplesorevidencewhicharespecificallyrelevanttothetaskset. StudentsneedtoanswerthequestionTowhatextentdoyouagreeordisagreebygiving theiropinion,havingevaluatedtherelevantprosandcons. 5.Isitenoughforcandidatestogivejusttheirownopinionaboutthistopic? No.Inthiscasecandidateshavetosayhowmuchtheyagreeordisagreewiththeuseof nucleartechnology,andforeachWritingTask2theymustbesuretofollowtheinstruction whichsaysGivereasonsforyouranswerandincludeanyrelevantexamplesfromyourown knowledgeorexperience. 6.Docandidateshavetopretendtobeaspecialistwhentheyarewritingtheir answer? No.Candidatesanswersshouldbeformalandacademicbuttheyarenotexpectedtobea specialistandshouldwriteinanonspecialistwaysothattheiranswercanbeclearly understoodbysomeonewithnospecialistknowledgeofthistopic.Thisisreinforcedbythe instructiontoincludeanyrelevantexamplesfromyourownknowledgeorexperience.

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademic WritingTask2Activityanswerkeys

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KeytoWorksheet2 Possibleideasare:

AdvantagesofNuclearPower Comparedtofossilfuels,nuclearpower is: cheapertoproduce quickertoproduce cleanertoproduce(e.g.nosmokeas thereisfromcoal) Itcannotrunout(comparedtoe.g.oil risingpricesasitisrunninglow)

AdvantagesofNuclearWeapons Thethreatofthemisenoughtostopwar breakingout(e.g.USAandformerSoviet UnionduringtheColdWar)

DisadvantagesofNuclearPower Possibilityofserioushealthrisksifnot handledcarefully(e.g.Chernobyl) Expensivetosetupinitially Poorimage

DisadvantagesofNuclearWeapons Onlyrichcountriescanaffordthem,leading toanimbalanceofpower(e.g.America) Incrediblydestructive Createsaclimateofdistruste.g.NorthKorea

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademic WritingTask2Activityanswerkeys

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KeytoWorksheet3 Theideasinthefirstcolumnareallirrelevanttothisessaywhilethoseinthesecondcolumn couldbeincluded.

Thedevelopmentofweapons throughhistoryAlthough weaponsarereferredtohere,itis onlyinthecontextofnuclear technology,soadiscussionof weaponsingeneralwouldbe irrelevanthere. Suggestionsforachievingworld peaceAlthoughworldpeaceis referredto,itwouldbeamistaketo concentrateonthistoomuchasit willinevitablyleadthewriteraway fromthetopicofnuclear technology.

Thedepletionofnatural resources Thisisonepossible reasonwhymorecountriesare consideringnuclearpowerandso isrelevant.

ThehighcostoffuelThiscan bearguedasareasonwhy cheaperpowersourcesneedtobe found.

Ourincreasingrelianceon moderntechnologyModern technologyisnotlinkedtothe themeofnucleartechnology.

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademic WritingTask2Activityanswerkeys

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KeytoWorksheet4 Introduction Today Thisissue/problem Generallyspeaking Causeandeffect Asaresult Becauseof Owingto So Since Giventhat Conclusion Inconclusion Finally Insummary Tosumup Therefore Thereseemstobelittle doubtthat Forexample Suchas Forinstance Acaseinpoint Oneexampleofthis Inthisway

And Also Inaddition Furthermore Moreover Whatismore Notonly ...butalso... Firstly... Secondly... Finally...

But However Although Despite Inspiteof Incontrast Nevertheless

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademic WritingTask2Activityanswerkeys

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KeytoWorksheet5 SampleScriptA THEINTRODUCTION 1. Doestheintroductiontell No,itcouldbemorefully youexactlywhatthe developedorclearer. topicis? 2. Doanyoftheideas Itisnotclearwhypresent needmoreinformation? sourcesofenergywill finish. 3. Whatconnectorshave beenusedtoimprove thecohesionofthe paragraph? THEBODYOFTHE ESSAY 1. Whatbenefitsofnuclear Thesameasthequestion Nothreatofpollution technologydoesthe +nucleartechnologycan limitlesseffectivefor writergive? helpinthefieldofmedicine industrialpurposes. andtheengineeringsector andnuclearrayscantreat cancer. 2. Arethebenefitsgiven differenttotheonesin thetitle? Someare. Yes. None. Yes,thoughthesecond sentenceintroducesanew idea. No. SampleScriptB

WhichDuringtheseyears but

3. Whatdisad