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Материал для подготовки IELTS

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IELTSWRITING ESSAYS - International English Language Testing System

2008

81.2-9 16

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.., .. 16 IELTS: Writing Essays: - . : - , 2008. 70 . , IELTS Writing Task Two, General and Academic Modules. , IELTS. 81.2-9

, 2008

IELTS? ........................................................................................... 4 Academic Module Essay General Module Essay? ............................................ 4 ? .......................................................................... 5 ? ......................................................................... 5 ................................................................................................................... 6 ? ................................................................................................................... 8 ................................................................................................................. 10 ? ................................................................................................................... 12 ................................................................................................................. 14 ? ......................................................................................... 16 ................................................................................................................ 18 ? ....................................................................................................... 19 ................................................................................................................. 21 ? ............................................................................... 23 ................................................................................................................ 25 ? .............................................................................................................. 26 ................................................................................................................ 27 ? ........................................................................................................... 28 ............................................................................................................................... 30 .................................................................................................................................... 37 ..................................................................... 55 ....................................................................... 69

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IELTS? IELTS Task 1 Task 2. , , (Task 1) : (General Module) (, , Academic Module). Writing Task 1 20 , 150 . , Writing Task 2 . 40 , , , 250 . , : , , - , : ( ) 4 : 1. Understanding the question 2. Knowing the subject 3. Your thinking skills 4. Your English language skills

Academic Module Essay General Module Essay? General Module , Survival. , , , , .. , . , critical thinking analytical thinking skills . , . General Academic . , , , General , . 4

? . , . ! IELTS, . , 40 . ? IELTS : 1. , . 2. 57 3. , 4. 30 5. 35 IELTS : . , , , .

? IELTS , .. , , . , , . , . , (topic) . , Computers have improved the quality of our life. Do you agree? .don't read the question properly and their answer is irrelevant

:a) Many people believe that the Internet is the most revolutionary new invention of the last century. Do you agree? , -

.b) The Internet has revolutionized the modern world, but many people argue that it also created new problems and inequalities. What is your opinion? -

, .c) The Internet could revolutionise the world in the future, if everyone could have easy access to all the information that is available on the World Wide Web. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

, , . , , : Modern technology has increased our material wealth but has decreased our personal happiness. To what extent do you agree? ? , , . task words, .. , . : The environment is one of the most important issues 5

in the world today, but governments are not doing enough about it. To what extent do you think the individuals can help to protect the environment?

Individuals can help to protect the environment, , to what extent they can help. , two sides of the issue, .. , . . Problem / solution Task words What can be done to solve? How can this problem be addressed? What challenges? What strategies? Do you agree or disagree? Why? Explain your position. Justify your opinion. 23 ( ) ()

Agree or disagree

( / , ) , /. .

Two sides of an argument

, .. Discuss , Compare/contrast . Advantages/disadvantages ( ?) From options A, B, C, D etc. choose 3 most important. Justify your choice. To what extent? How important? What do you think? , Why? Give alternatives Discuss suggest ( ), , , . 100% . - , . . , ,

Make choices and justify Evaluate an argument

I.

education, - . topic words , .

a) Parents have a greater influence on their childrens future success than schools do. Governments should therefore provide parent training courses rather than teacher training courses. Do you agree? (G)1

G General Module, A Academic Module. .

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b) Education is the most important source of childrens development. No matter what their background, if children have good schools and teachers, they can make progress. Governments should therefore put their major sources into school education. Do you agree? (G) c) Education is recognised as vital to the future of any society in today's world. Governments throughout the world should make education compulsory for all children between the ages of 5 and 15. Do you agree? (G, A) d) To be successful in education it is more important to be a good student than to have good teachers. Do you agree? (A)II. - education, task words . task words , .

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Millions of people every year move to English-speaking countries such as Australia, Britain or America, in order to study at school, college or university. Why do so many people want to study in English? Why is English such an important language? Give reasons for your answer. (G) The increasing role of English in the world today means that the learning of other languages is being neglected. This will have serious results for the continued use of these languages and their cultures. What is your opinion on this statement? (A) :

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III.

a) Many modern children spend a great deal of time sitting in front of a television or computer screen. This is extremely harmful for their development. Therefore parents should strictly limit the time that children spend this way. Do you agree? (G) b) When teenagers under the age of 18 commit crimes, their parents should be held responsible. Write an essay discussing this statement and suggest ways to combat teenage crime. (G, A) c) The crime rate among teenagers has increased dramatically in many countries. Discuss some possible reasons for this increase and suggest solutions to this problem. (G, A) d) Smoking is a habit which claims many lives and is a great drain on health services. One way to combat smoking would be to make it illegal. What are the pros and cons of such a government policy? What alternative strategies can you suggest to combat smoking? (A) e) "The best way to help developing countries is to give them financial aid." Write an essay either agreeing or disagreeing with this statement. Suggest alternatives to this policy. (A) f) Industrialization is leading to the destruction of the earth as a home for humans and animals. To what extent do you agree that this is true? (A)1

IV. , .

The education of a child is affected by both the attitude of the parents and the quality of the child's school and teachers. I would not say, however, that the parents' attitude is the more important of these two factors. A good parental attitude definitely helps a child's school progress. Studies have shown that Asian students are often higher achievers in school than their American peers because Asian parents usually take a more active interest in their children's education. Educationally minded parents can in fact compensate to a certain extent for a poor quality school or teachers. Such parents can provide extra exercises in writing and discussions at home, encourage the child to read more or study by himself or herself. Concerned parents may even hire the services of a tutor.

, Academic module. , . , . , -IELTS .

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On the other hand, educationally minded parents are usually not enough to ensure the good education of a child. Parents often don't have the resources of a good school, or the collective knowledge and training of a good te

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