I&CPS Celebrates Its 50th Anniversary [History]

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  • IEEE

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    history | barry brusso

    I&CPS Celebrates Its 50th Anniversary

    s we approach the 50th anniversary of the IEEE Industry Applications Society (IAS) Industrial and Commercial Power

    Systems (I&CPS) Department (Fig-ure1) this year, I was asked as a past chair of the department to provide an article reflecting on the history and impact of I&CPS on the IAS and IEEE membership in general.

    Fifty years is a long time, and, while I have been an IEEE Member for more than 36 years, I was not part of the original group of mem-bers who formed the first I&CPS Department. The department was initially called the I&CPS Commit-tee under the newly formed technol-ogy committees section of the Indus-try and General Applications (I&GA) Group within the IEEE. The IEEE had been formed the previous year, in 1963, by a merger of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE) and the Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE) [1].

    I&CPS was not officially desig-nated as a department until 1977, when the entire IAS was reorganized into more logical groupings. The orig-inal I&CPS Committee was formed in the AIEE by a merger of the Indus-trial Power Systems (IPS) Committee and the Commercial Buildings Elec-tric Systems (CBES) Committee.

    The Birth of the Color BooksIn 1945, prior to that merger, the AIEE publication Electric Power Distri-bution of Industrial Plants, a product of the IPS Committee, was published and commonly referred to as The Red Book due to its bright red cover. In 1949, the CBES Committee published Interior Wiring Design for Commercial Buildings, which was the forerunner of The Gray Book. In 1956, the second edition of The Red Book was published, and a new publication was developed by the IPS Industrial Grounding Subcommittee titled Grounding of Electrical Power Sys-tems. Because this publication had a green cover, it naturally became known as The Green Book, and so the Color Book series was born [3].

    As Bill Moylan remembers, My first real involvement in IEEE activi-ties began the day I sat in on a Red Book Working Group meeting and volunteered to act as the groups secre-tary. The years of effort in that position introduced me to the many giants of engineering who contributed to that standard. In time, I chaired that work-ing group and the I&CPS Department. My involvement in the departments standardization efforts allowed my consulting firm to remain on the cut-ting edge of electrical design.

    Restructuring of the DepartmentThe evolution of the I&CPS mirrors that of the IAS, but in 1965, after the IEEE was formed by the AIEE and IRE merger, the I&CPS Com-mittee was one of 23 technical com-mittees within the Technical Opera-tions Department (TOD) of the IEEE Industry and General Applica-tions Group [10]. In 1972, the I&GA became the IAS, and the com-mittee structure under the TOD was rearranged into two groups: industry committees and technology commit-tees. I&CPS was placed in the tech-nology committees group along with eight other committees. In 1974, the department/committee structure was once again modified to create an Industry Operations Department and a Technology Operations Department in lieu of the TOD with the same committee alignment as before [11].

    In 1977, the IAS was once again reorganized with respect to operating departments to form five departments:

    the new IPS Department the Process Industries Depart-ment

    the General Industries Depart-ment

    the Industrial Power Conver-sion Systems Department

    the Industrial Utilization Sys-tems Department.

    The committees placed in the IPS were both technical and administra-tive. Administrative committees included administration, codes and standards, and meetings. The technical

    Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MIAS.2014.2303308

    Date of publication: 9 April 2014

    David Mills, Guest Author

    AThe I&CPS Department logo.

    1

    1077-2618/14/$31.002014IEEE

  • Field Test and

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    MultiFields & CDEGS: Computes currents, voltages, magnetic and electric fields anywhere on your system, whether you are concerned with lightning, switching surges or frequency disturbances on the network and as-sociated grounding systems (up to the gigahertz range). Simply draw your problem in SESCAD, then solve it!

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    Powerful

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    The only software that is scientifically and experi-mentally validated continuously and that certifies the accuracy of computations. Specify x% accuracy to get what you asked for or better. Can you trust your existing software to deliver that promise?

    SESTLC: Line parameters, magnetic fields, electric fields and automated in-ductive & conductive interference analysis for uniform soils. Right-Of-Way: Electromagnetic interference with currents and voltages in every span of a multi-conductor, multi-phase power network and neighbor-ing victim circuits sharing the same corridors. Fully automated design process. Includes SES-TLC, SES-Shield and SES-Enviro. SES-Shield: Lightning shielding of substations and transmission lines. MultiLines & SES-Enviro: Line and cable parameters, magnetic fields, elec-tric fields, corona, radio and audible noise for dc and ac lines.

    Accurate

    Field Test and

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    2Automated

    here is only one credible software package source...

    When you need to study grounding, electromagnetic interference or electrical environmental impact accurately, reliably and economically.

    Classical Equipotential Grounding

    1 Multiple grounding systems having any shape, in simple or complex soils, including any number of layers or heterogeneous discrete volumes.

    AutoGroundDesign: A fully automated design package. AutoGrid Pro: Integrated graphical interface. AutoGround & MultiGround: Flexible and customizable.

    Advanced Frequency Based Grounding

    3 Interference Analysis & Environmental Impact Assessments

    Complex grounding networks with bare and coated con-ductors, accurate from 0 Hz to MHz

    MultiGroundZ: For extensive systems where circu-lating fault currents create large ground potential differences (GPD) MultiFields: For buried as well as aboveground conductors and structures using exact electromagnetic field methods.

    Frequency & Time Domain Analysis of Electromagnetic Fields Generated by Arbitrary Conductor Networks Tackles the most challenging electromagnetic problems head-on

    MultiFields & CDEGS: Computes currents, voltages, magnetic and electric fields anywhere on your system, whether you are concerned with lightning, switching surges or frequency disturbances on the network and as-sociated grounding systems (up to the gigahertz range). Simply draw your problem in SESCAD, then solve it!

    Toll free: 1-800-668-3737 Tel: +1-514336-2511

    World Leader in Grounding & EMI

    Powerful

    Dedicated, flexible tools and outstanding graphics processors simplify and automate every as-pect of your work. Exceptional documentation, context sensitive help and technical support

    bring you peace of mind, if you need help.

    The only software that is scientifically and experi-mentally validated continuously and that certifies the accuracy of computations. Specify x% accuracy to get what you asked for or better. Can you trust your existing software to deliver that promise?

    SESTLC: Line parameters, magnetic fields, electric fields and automated in-ductive & conductive interference analysis for uniform soils. Right-Of-Way: Electromagnetic interference with currents and voltages in every span of a multi-conductor, multi-phase power network and neighbor-ing victim circuits sharing the same corridors. Fully automated design process. Includes SES-TLC, SES-Shield and SES-Enviro. SES-Shield: Lightning shielding of substations and transmission lines. MultiLines & SES-Enviro: Line and cable parameters, magnetic fields, elec-tric fields, corona, radio and audible noise for dc and ac lines.

    Accurate

    Field Test and

    www.sestech.com

    2Automated

    here is only one credible software package source...

    When you need to study grounding, electromagnetic interference or electrical environmental impact accurately, reliably and economically.

    Classical Equipotential Grounding

    1 Multiple grounding systems having any shape, in simple or complex soils, including any number of layers or heterogeneous discrete volumes.

    AutoGroundDesign: A fully automated design package. AutoGrid Pro: Integrated graphical interface. AutoGround & MultiGround: Flexible and customizable.

    Advanced Frequency Based Grounding

    3 Interference Analysis & Environmental Impact Assessments

    Complex grounding networks with bare and coated con-ductors, accurate from 0 Hz to MHz

    MultiGroundZ: For extensive systems where circu-lating fault currents create large ground potential differences (GPD) MultiFields: For buried as well as aboveground conductors and structures using exact electromagnetic field methods.

    Frequency & Time Domain Analysis of Electromagnetic Fields Generated by Arbitrary Conductor Networks Tackles the most challenging electromagnetic problems head-on

    MultiFields & CDEGS: Computes currents, voltages, magnetic and electric fields anywhere on your system, whether you are concerned with lightning, switching surges or frequency disturbances on the network and as-sociated grounding systems (up to the gigahertz range). Simply draw your problem in SESCAD, then solve it!

    Toll free: 1-800-668-3737 Tel: +1-514336-2511

    World Leader in Grounding & EMI

    Powerful

    Dedicated, flexible tools and outstanding graphics processors simplify and automate every as-pect of your work. Exceptional documentation, context sensitive help and technical support

    bring you peace of mind, if you need help.

    The only software that is scientifically and experi-mentally validated continuously and that certifies the accuracy of computations. Specify x% accuracy to get what you asked for or better. Can you trust your existing software to deliver that promise?

    SESTLC: Line parameters, magnetic fields, electric fields and automated in-ductive & conductive interference analysis for uniform soils. Right-Of-Way: Electromagnetic interference with currents and voltages in every span of a multi-conductor, multi-phase power network and neighbor-ing victim circuits sharing the same corridors. Fully automated design process. Includes SES-TLC, SES-Shield and SES-Enviro. SES-Shield: Lightning shielding of substations and transmission lines. MultiLines & SES-Enviro: Line and cable parameters, magnetic fields, elec-tric fields, corona, radio and audible noise for dc and ac lines.

    Accurate

  • IEEE

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    committees within IPS were Commer-cial Buildings Power Systems, Electric Space Heating and Air Conditioning, Industrial Plants Power Systems, Power Systems Protection (PSP), and Power Systems Support [6]. By 1984, the committee structure was once again rearranged to include the I&CPS as a department with seven committees, including Operating, Codes and Stan-dards, Commercial Buildings Power Systems, Electric Space Heating and Air Conditioning, Industrial Plants Power Systems, PSP, and Power Sys-tems Technologies [1]. (See Memories of the I&CPS Technical Conference.)

    By 1985, the old I&CPS commit-tee structure had been modified sev-eral times, resulting in four technical committees: the Codes and Standards Committee, the Energy Systems Committee, the Power Systems Engi-neering Committee (formerly the Power Systems Support Committee and the Power Systems Technologies Committee), and the PSP Committee. The Rural Electric Power Committee (REPC) was moved into the I&CPS Department in 1992, and the now five technical committees rounded out the departments structure, which remains in effect today [11].

    I&CPS StandardsAfter the 1963 merger of AIEE and IRE into the IEEE, the first stan-dards under the over-sight of the I&CPS included a rewrite of the AIEE publication Interior Wiring Design for Commercial Build-ings, with its publica-tion as IEEE Standard 241: Recommended Practice for Electric Power Systems in Com-mercial Buildings, nicknamed The Gray Book. Similarly, The Red Book (AIEE 952) and The Green Book (AIEE 953) eventually became IEEE Standard 141: Recommended Practice for Electric Power Distribution for Industrial Plants and IEEE Standard 142: Rec-ommended Practice for Grounding I&CPS, respectively [5].

    A bit earlier and somewhat parallel to the activities of the aforementioned committees, the groundwork was laid for the creation of a PSP Subcommit-tee within the I&CPS due to the influ-

    ence of the AIEE Power Division Relays Committee (I&CPS was in the Industry Division) to create a subcom-mittee and to avoid an infringement of scope for industrial relay protection

    schemes. In 1961, the System Coordination and Protection Sub-committee was formed within I&CPS for the purpose of recom-mending preferred ap-plication practices of protective equipment used within industrial plants and commercial

    buildings. In 1965, the subcommittee presented a report to the I&CPS Con-ference in Buffalo, New York, Protec-tion and Coordination of I&CPS, which was welcomed by the I&CPS membership. It only took ten years to become IEEE Standard 242: Recom-mended Practice forProtection and Coordi-nation of I&CPS, otherwise known as The Buff Book [4].

    IEEE formed the first Standards Board in 1963, shortly after the merger of the AIEE with the IRE. In 1998, the IEEE Standards Board was

    reorganized as the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA), which gave it...

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