icici prudential project report

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ICICI Prudential Project report mba


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ICICI Prudential Life Insurance is one of the largest Insurance networks in the country, and 2nd Life Insurance Company in India. The ICICI Group has been in existence since 1955 when ICICI Ltd., was created. ICICI Prudential started in 2002 as subsidiary of ICICI Ltd., Today ICICI Life Insurance has a customer base of 4 million with total assets exceeding Rs.1, 00,000 Cr. making it the 2nd largest life insurance company in the country, next only to LIC. The Insurance sector, after the opening up, provides greater opportunities. Several global players have emerged and the market has changed significantly. In the changed scenario, the expectation is that the low Insurance premium as a percentage of GDP prevailing in India will improve and will offer better opportunities to the insurance players. Life Insurance sector is one of the key areas where enormous business potential exists. In India currently the life insurance premium as a percentage of GDP is 1.3 per cent against 5.2 per cent in the US, but in the liberalized scenario, the life insurance premiums were projected to grow at around 18% to 20% from Rs 215 billion in 1998- 99 to Rs 592 billion in 2004-05 and to Rs 1450 billion by 2009-10. Corporate non-life premium was projected to grow from Rs 84 billion in 1998-99 to Rs 386 billion in 200910 and personal line non-life from Rs 4 billion to Rs 51 billion. In the life Insurance segment the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) is the major player. The LIC has 2050 branches. It is constituted in to seven Zones. Currently there are 5, 60,000 LIC agents in India. General Insurance is another segment, which has been growing at a faster pace.

Visvesvaraya Technological University, Jnana Sangama PG Centre, Belgaum.


INTRODUCTIONLife insurance is a form of insurance that pays monetary proceeds upon the death of the insured covered in the policy. Essentially, a life insurance policy is a contract between the named insured and the insurance company wherein the insurance company agrees to pay an agreed upon sum of money to the insured's named beneficiary so long as the insured's premiums are current. With a large population and the untapped market area of this population insurance happens to be a very big opportunity in India. Today it stands as a business growing at the rate of 15-20% annually. Together with banking services, it adds about 7 percent to the countries GDP. In spite of all this growth statistics of the penetration of the insurance in the country is very poor. Nearly 80% of Indian populations are without life insurance cover and the health insurance. This is an indicator that growth potential for the insurance sector is immense in India. It was due to this immense growth that the regulations were introduced in the insurance sector and in continuation Malhotra Committee was constituted by the government in 1993 to examine the various aspects of the industry. The key element of the reform process was participation of overseas insurance companies with 26% capital. Creating a more competitive financial system suitable for the requirements of the economy was the main idea behind this reform. Since then the insurance industry has gone through many changes. The liberalization of the industry the insurance industry has never looked back and today stand as one of the most competitive and exploring industry in India. The entry of the private players and the increased use of the new distribution are in the limelight today. The use of new distribution techniques and the IT tools has increased the scope of the industry in the longer run. Insurance is the business of providing protection against financial aspects of risk, such as

Visvesvaraya Technological University, Jnana Sangama PG Centre, Belgaum.


those to property, life health and legal liability. It is one method of a greater concept known as risk management which is the need to mange uncertainty on account of exposure to loss, injury, disadvantage or destruction. Insurance is the method of spreading and transfer of risk. The fortunate many who are exposed to some or similar risk shares loss of the unfortunate. Insurance does not protect the assets but only compensates the economic or financial loss. In insurance the insured makes payment called premiums to an insurer, and in return is able to claim a payment from the insurer if the insured suffers a defined type of loss. This relationship is usually drawn up in a formal legal contract. Insurance companies also earn investment profits, because they have the use of the premium money from the time they receive it until the time they need it to pay claims. This money is called the float. When the investments of float are successful they may earn large profits, even if the insurance company pays out in claims every penny received as premiums. In fact, most insurance companies pay out more money than they receive in premiums. The excess amount that they pay to policyholders is the cost of float. An insurance company will profit if they invest the money at a greater return than their cost of float. An insurance contract or policy will set out in detail the exact circumstances under which a benefit payment will be made and the amount of the premiums. Classification of insurance The insurance industry in India can broadly classified in two parts. They are. 1) Life insurance. 2) Non-life (general) insurance.

1) Life insurance: Life insurance can be defined as life insurance provides a sum of money if the person who is insured dies while the policy is in effect.

Visvesvaraya Technological University, Jnana Sangama PG Centre, Belgaum.


In 1818 British introduced to India, with the establishment of the oriental life insurance company in Calcutta. The first Indian owned Life Insurance Company; the Bombay mutual life assurance society was set up in 1870.the life insurance act, 1912 was the first statuary measure to regulate the life insurance business in India. In 1983, the earlier legislation was consolidated and amended by the insurance act, 1938, with comprehensive provisions for detailed effective control over insurance. The union government had opened the insurance sector for private participation in 1999, also allowing the private companies to have foreign equity up to 26%. Following the opening up of the insurance sector, 12 private sector companies have entered the life insurance business. Benefits of life insurance Life insurance encourages saving and forces thrift. It is superior to a traditional savings vehicle. It helps to achieve the purpose of life assured. It can be enchased and facilitates quick borrowing. It provides valuable tax relief. Thus insurance is found to be very useful in the lives of the person both in short term and long term. Fundamental principles of life insurance contract; 1) Principle of almost good faith: A positive duty to voluntary disclose, accurately and fully, all facts, material to the risk being proposed whether requested or not. 2) Principle of insurable interest: Relationships with the subject matter (a person) which is recognized in law and gives legal right to insure that person. 2) Non-life (general) Insurance: Triton insurance co. ltd was the first general insurance company to be established in IndiaVisvesvaraya Technological University, Jnana Sangama PG Centre, Belgaum.


in 1850, whose shares were mainly held by the British. The first general insurance company to be set up by an Indian was Indian mercantile insurance co. Ltd., which was stabilized in 1907 . there emerged many a player on the Indian scene thereafter. The general insurance business was nationalized after the promulgation of General Insurance Corporation (GIC) OF India undertook the post-nationalization general insurance business. CONCEPTUAL BACKGROUND Satisfaction is defined as . . .

A persons feeling of pleasure or disappointment resulting from comparing a products perceived performance (or outcome) in relation to his or her expectations. Customer Satisfaction can be defined as supplying or gratifying all wants or wishes, fulfilling conditions or desires, or the state of the mind anything that makes a customer feel pleased or contented. Consumer Behavior: Consumer behavior is defined as the behavior that consumers display in searching for, purchasing, using, evaluating and disposing of products and services that they expect will satisfy their needs. The study of the processes involved when individuals or groups select, purchase, use, or dispose of products, services ideas, or experiences to satisfy needs and desires Customer value: The ratio between the customerss perceived benefits (economic, functional and psychological) and the resources (momentary, time, effort, psychological) used to obtain those benefits. Customer satisfaction: Customer satisfaction is the individuals perception of the performance of the product or service in relation to his or her expectations.

Visvesvaraya Technological University, Jnana Sangama PG Centre, Belgaum.


Motivation: The processes that account for an individuals intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal. Personality can be described ad the psychological characteristics that both determine and reflect how person responds to his or her environment. Perception is defined as the process by which an individual selects, organizes, and interprets stimuli into a meaningful and coherent picture of the world. Consumer learning is the process by which individuals acquire the purchase and consumption knowledge and experience they apply to future related behavior. THE CONSUMER ADOPTION PROCESS The consumer adoption process is the process by which customers learn about new products, try them, and adopt or reject them. Today many marketers are targeting heavy users and early adopters of new pr