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DESCRIPTIONBeing able to:express oneself readily and effortlessly.Communicate with a powerful and effective language; Have a good command of language
- 1. ICAO English Fluency by Petter Zugaib WEBCONFERENCE (BY SKYPE)
- 2. What is Fluency?
- Being able to:
- express oneself readily and effortlessly.
- Communicate with a powerful and effective language;
- Have a good command of language.
- 3. L3 Produces stretches of language , but phrasing and pausing are often inappropriate. Hesitations or slowness in language processing may prevent effective communication . Fillers are sometimes distracting.
- 4. FILLERS In English, the most common filler sounds are uh //, er // and um /m/. Among youths, the fillers "like", "you know", "actually", "literally",and "basically" are more prevalent. Right...like...you know...actually...I mean...kind of... um... basically...in a manner of speaking...just...if you don't mind me saying...uh...really...I suppose...if truth be told...without a doubt...or something...in actual fact...well...yeah...errr...of course...so if you know what I mean...and stuff...
- 5. SAMPLES 1 2 3
- 6. HINTS 1. Organize your thoughts 2. Say the filler word..but only in your head 3. Pause and take a break 4. Practice 5. Keep it Short, Simple
- Produces stretches of language at
- an appropriate tempo. There may
- be occasional loss of fluency on
- transition from rehearsed or
- formulaic speech to spontaneous
- interaction, but this does not
- prevent effective communication .
- Can make limited use of discourse
- markers or connectors. Fillers are
- not distracting.
- 8. DISCOURSE MARKERS Some words and phrases help to develop ideas and relate them to one another. These kinds of words and phrases are often called discourse markers. Note that most of these discourse markers are formal and used when speaking in a formal context.
- 9. SAMPLES 1 2 3
- 10. L5 Able to speak at length with relative ease on familiar topics , but may not vary speech flow as a stylistic device. Can make use of appropriate discourse markers or connectors .
- 11. SPEAK AT LENGTH 1 2 3
- 12. L6 Able to speak at length with a natural, effortless flow. Varies speech flow for stylistic effect, e.g. to emphasize a point. Uses appropriate discourse markers and connectors spontaneously .
- 13. Resources http://www.elllo.org http://pilotsfluency.ning.com http://hubpages.com/hub/Filler-Words-in-english http://www.ensc.sfu.ca/~whitmore/courses/esl/vocab_04.htm Thank you!
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