I. Bleeding Kansas A. Extremists

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T11/23/10; M 11/30/09; W 12/3/08; W 12/12/07; W12/6/06; Th 12/8/05; F 12/17/04 H-F12/1-2/11 Sectionalism Heats Up: Bleeding Kansas & Buchanans Term (Ch. 14.3; pp. 393-403). I. Bleeding Kansas A. Extremists. MO move w/ guns Border Ruffians North move w/ Beechers Bibles - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • T11/23/10; M 11/30/09; W 12/3/08; W 12/12/07; W12/6/06; Th 12/8/05; F 12/17/04

    H-F12/1-2/11

    Sectionalism Heats Up: Bleeding Kansas & Buchanans Term

    (Ch. 14.3; pp. 393-403)

  • I. Bleeding KansasA. ExtremistsMO move w/ guns Border Ruffians

    North move w/ Beechers Bibles New England Emigrant Aid Co.2K move from NE

    Midwesterners move Why?anti-slavery for economic reasons (not abolitionists)

  • A. Extremists (cont.)

    Sack of Lawrenceno deaths, but destroyed property (proslavery)

    Pottawattomie Massacre 5 murdered John Brown (antislavery)

  • B. Two Governments (cont.)Lecompton Const. proslavery 1856Pierce initially backed Lecomptondecision delayed until after Election of 1856later accepted by Buchanan b/c of free soil boycottTopeka Const. antislavery 1855

    which govt is legitimate?

  • II. Brooks Attack on SumnerCharles Sumner (R-MA) Crimes Against KNdenounces proslavery violencemocks Andrew Butler (SC) old, droolingRep. Preston Brooks (SC) attacks Sumner w/ caneresigns but re-electednew canes sent [hit him again]Sumner out for 3-1/2 years re-elected in absentiasymbolic of growing conflictgreater split along sectional lines

  • III. Ostend Manifesto (Oct. 1854)attempt to purchase Cuba by U.S. diplomatssugar plantations lots of slavespopular in Sleaked discredited Pierceappeared to be growing slaveocracy

    [How to prevent sectionalism?][need leaders/laws to lessen sectional tensions]

  • IV. Election of 1856Dems Buchanan (PA) - little opinion on slaveryReps Frmont Free speech, free press FrmontAmerican (K-N) Fillmore2 races Dem vs. K-N in S.- Dem vs. Rep in N.Impact: 1. S might secede if Reps win2. Dems need national (non-regional) candidates3. Reps legitimate party

  • V. Dred Scott Decisionslave sues for freedomTaney: cannot sue, not a citizenno blacks were citizens (even free blacks)Slaves = property can take anywhereMo. Compromise unconst.Congress cannot ban slavery Who can?only states not territories, not Congressb/c 5th Amend protects propertyrejected pop. sov.N growing slaveocracy

  • VII. Lincoln-Douglas DebatesUS Senate (IL) 1858series of 7 debates national pressLincoln - House DividedDouglas & S: Lincoln as abolitionistfree soil, not abolitionistFreeport Doctrine traps Douglaspop. sov. or Dred Scott?Douglas pop. sov.S. will not vote for Douglas

  • VIII. Harpers Ferry - 1859federal arsenalJohn Brown abol. slave revolthuge failuretrial, death martyr to abol.split N. free soilers distance from JBrenounce violence

    S. JB symbol of abol. & ALL of Nthreaten secession, if antislavery Pres.

  • IX. Election of 1860A. CandidatesLincoln (Rep. IL)slavery: Free Soil in West, protect slavery in Seconomic: protective tariff; internal improvements; homestead (imm.)Douglas (Dem IL) pop. sov.John Breckenridge (Dem KY) protect & spread slavery; Dred ScottJohn Bell (Const Union TN)keep country together

  • B. Results2 elections: 1. Lincoln vs. Douglas in N2. Breckenridge vs. Bell in SWhat happens when split in party?

    Lincoln wins

    [analogy to Hillary/Obama split in 2008][McCain would win legitimate? ][Similar response by S in 1860]

  • C. ImpactSC & 6 Deep S secede form CSA Montgomery, ALJefferson Davis Pres.2 Qs:1. Lincolns Response 2. Upper SouthCrittenden Amendmentrejected by Lincoln (36-30 line)Lincoln would protect slavery in S

  • D. Civil WarFt. SumterSC attacks April 1861Civil War beginsLincoln raises troops 75KUpper S secedes (VA, NC, TN, AR)

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