humanity 2014

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  • 1. To be free. . . one must be chained.
  • 2. Paradox Something that contradicts itself, or cancels itself out. Something that is both really good and really bad at the same time
  • 3. Cognitive Dissonance (mind war) The feeling you get when a paradox is playing tug of war with your brain. good bad
  • 4. What makes us human? What does it mean to be human?
  • 5. What is human nature?
  • 6. In your opinion, is it human nature to generally be good? Or is it human nature to generally be bad?
  • 7. What makes us human? In other words, what things make us a unique species? What is human nature? In your opinion are we (humans) generally good or generally bad? If left entirely to our own devices would we act in a good way or a bad way?
  • 8. To be free. . . one must be chained.
  • 9. Thomas Hobbes People are basically bad. Govt needs to make them safe. John Locke People are basically good. Govt needs to preserve their freedom. Vs.
  • 10. 3 Roles of Govt Order Freedom Equality -protect life & property -promote social order Rules for common behavior Civil Liberties Freedoms guaranteed to people. State what the Govt cant do. (freedom of speech) Civil Rights Privileges given to people & protected against random removal by Govt (right to vote) political equality 1 person = 1 vote * Most recent & most controversial role of Govt
  • 11. = 1 vote = 1 vote (each)
  • 12. 1 vote 1 vote
  • 13. 3 Roles of Govt Order Freedom Equality -protect life & property -promote social order Rules for common behavior Civil Liberties Freedoms guaranteed to people. State what the Govt cant do. (freedom of speech) Civil Rights Privileges given to people & protected against random removal by Govt (right to vote) political equality 1 person = 1 vote social equality (?) +/- equality in wealth, education, & status * Most recent & most controversial role of Govt
  • 14. Equal Opportunity Each person has the same chance to succeed in life. Equal Outcome Govt policies help make people equal. Title IX - colleges must set aside = $ for womens sports. Tax rich to fund programs for the poor Govt involvement in private life clashes w/ freedom
  • 15. 1960s - Equal Pay Act Requires employers to pay men and women The same amount for equal work. Employers are forced to pay women more than they would if their payment policies were based on free choice.
  • 16. 1970s - courts ordered the bussing of students out of their district to achieve a fair distribution of students in public schools.
  • 17. 1990s - The Americans with Disabilities Act required all modes of public transportation and all Public building to be handicapped accessible.
  • 18. 3 Roles of Govt Order Freedom Equality -protect life & property -promote social order Rules for common behavior Civil Liberties Freedoms guaranteed to people. State what the Govt cant do. (freedom of speech) Civil Rights Privileges given to people & protected against random removal by Govt (right to vote) political equality 1 person = 1 vote social equality (?) +/- equality in wealth, education, & status * Most recent & most controversial role of Govt
  • 19. The Political Spectrum The range of beliefs about the proper role & purpose of Govt Left = More Govt Right = Less Govt Totalitarian Anarchy
  • 20. The Political Spectrum The range of beliefs about the proper role & purpose of Govt Liberal/Democrat Conservative/Republican Left = More Govt Right = Less Govt
  • 21. Liberal Conservative Role of Govt Purpose of Govt Govt should provide public goods Generous support for: Public education Wildlife Protection Public Transportation Govt should NOT provide public goods (charity should) Supports private business Use Govt to promote equal outcome Use Govt to maintain social order (and ensure economic freedom)More accepting of differences between people & cultures (Multiculturalism) Wants to preserve traditional roles & ideas
  • 22. Totalitarian Anarchy
  • 23. Fascism Libertarian RightLeft (Govt has TOTAL social control) (Govt has ZERO social control) (Govt has TOTAL $ control) (Govt has ZERO $ control)
  • 24. Capitalism Allows privately owned business where people compete for economic gain. Achieve your goal by any means Relies on the free market to determine the price of goods and services The public chooses based on their interests. No Govt interference Laissez Faire - means hands off