human elephant conflict (hec) what is human elephant conflict? human elephant conflict occurs when...

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Human Elephant Conflict (HEC) What is human elephant conflict? Human elephant conflict occurs when elephants and people live together in an area where they share the same resources. Therefore, they compete for the same food, space and water. Why does HEC happen? HEC occurs when people change elephant habitat into people habitat by clearing land to grow crops, building villages and adding roads. Slide 2 What can happen when elephants are your neighbors? Elephants are attracted to many of the same food people grow. A familys entire supply of crops can be eaten, leaving them with no food. Elephants can become upset and destroy homes and property. People can be hurt or even killed. Slide 3 Project Study: Sumatra Elephant Conservation Response Units, Indonesia This elephant conservation project protects wild elephants and creates job opportunities for local people. It benefits both people and elephants. This is the mark of a successful conservation project. Slide 4 Sumatran Conservation Response Unit (CRU) A strategy for Elephant Conservation in Sumatra The Conservation Response Unit is made up of rangers whose job it is to protect the wild elephants and the local people and their property by reducing and preventing human-elephant conflict. CRU rangers are elephant caregivers recruited from community. The CRU elephants are seen as partners in conservation, instead of a danger. Slide 5 Conservation Response Unit Tools Wide variety of innovative tools and practices Slide 6 Ability to plot exact locations Easily carried in forest Allows tracking of elephant movements Learn from local community members Use villager knowledge Ability to create practical solutions Takes a picture as wildlife passes 24 monitoring of location CRU can focus elsewhere Handheld GPS Unit Interviewing Local Community Camera Trap Conservation Response Unit Tools Wide variety of innovative tools and practices Slide 7 Mahouts can patrol an area in danger CRU elephants deter wild elephants Villagers can be educated by ranger Available from any cellphone GPS, Date, Time CRU use to discover elephant interactions CRU Patrol Geo-tagged Images Conservation Response Unit Tools Wide variety of innovative tools and practices Slide 8 Human Elephant Conflict Solutions Practical & creative solutions used in unison Beehive Fence Biofence Education Leaflet Buffer Zone CropsChili Planting Wildlife Corridor Slide 9 Thick palm trees form a strong fence Adult palmyra trees are self-sufficient Requires community investment Creates green paths for elephants Protects historic migration routes Depends on community involvement CRU distribute to local villages To Dos and Dont Dos Brings CRU into the village Biofencing Wildlife Corridor Education Leaflets Human Elephant Conflict Solutions Practical & creative solutions used in unison Slide 10 Irritant to elephants Affordable for locals Limited to individual homes Some elephants fear bees Fashioned beehive fences for farmers Create income through honey sales Plant inedible crops around cash crops Coffee and tea commonly used Most effective on large farms Chili Planting Beehive Fence Buffer Zone Crops Human Elephant Conflict Solutions Practical & creative solutions used in unison

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