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Hulchanski Family The First Two Genera�ons in North America Compiled by John David Hulchanski & William Daniel Hulchanski last update: 17 August 2013 Hulchanski Family: The First Two Generations in North America Page 1 of 74 www.Hulchanski.com

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Hulchanski Family: The First Two Generations in North America 1800s to 1950s

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  • Hulchanski Family

    The First Two Generaons in North America

    Compiled by John David Hulchanski & William Daniel Hulchanski

    last update: 17 August 2013

    Hulchanski Family: The First Two Generations in North America

    Page 1 of 74 www.Hulchanski.com

  • Hulchanski Family

    The First Two Generaons in North America

    1. Introducon: Hulchanski, Halayko, Fecych, Macko

    2. Family Villages in Galicia (Western Ukraine)

    3. John, Helen and Stephen Hulchanski

    4. Iwan Hulczczanski (John Olsan) of Brzegi Grne

    5. Charles & Michael of Vintondale PA

    6. The Lashinsky / Halayko Family of Windber PA

    7. Hilchanski's of Wilkes-Barre PA

    2 The Hulchanski family genealogy website is www.hulchanski.com

    Hulchanski Family: The First Two Generations in North America

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  • 1. HULCHANSKI, HALAYKO, FECYCH, MACKO FAMILIES

    HULCHANSKI FAMILY

    THE FIRST TWO GENERATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA

    CHAPTER 1

    Around 1900 several individuals and families le four small Ukrainian villages. They travelled to the ports of Hamburg and Roerdam and sailed to the port of New York.

    From there most rst went to western Pennsylvania where coal mines were looking for laborers. Some stayed while others le for urban factorys.

    This report presents what is known about the rst two generaons.

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  • Various spellings of Hulchanski John and Helen Hulchanski and their son Stephen used this spelling consistently aer arriving in 1901 (see Chapter 3).

    Because Ukrainian uses the Slavic alphabet, when any Slavic people arrived at US immigraon, ocials had to do their best to listen to the name and put it into English leers.

    Thus members of the same extended family (uncles, cousins) with the same last name but who arrived at dierent mes ended up with dierent English spellings of that same name.

    There is no correct transliteraon of a Slavic name just various approximaons.

    In addion to one branch of the family using Hulchanski, other probably related branches used Hulczczanski (see Chapter 4) and Hilchanski (see Chapter 7).

    And then there is Charles Fat Charlie to his miner friends in Vintondale PA. Records list him as Charles Hilohanski, Hilchanscy, Hillshawney, Hillschancey, and Hulchancy, with Hulchanski on his gravestone (see Chapter 5 for a guess as to why).

    4

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  • How the Hulchanski name sounded

    Hul'shchans'kyi

    The rst syllable sounded like "hool" (rhyming with rule), except the nal L sound was soened. Not something we normally do in English.

    The second syllable was accented. The rst consonant cluster sounds like the shch in cheese. The N sound at the end of the second syllable would normally be soened.

    The nal syllable starts with a soened S sound, sort of like the S in sure. The nal yi sounds a lot like the word hay without the H. -- with thanks to John Paul Himka for this

    5

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  • Four families from four nearby

    Ukrainian villages in Galicia

    Macko Fecych (Fletcher) Halkayho (Halaiko) Hulchanski

    6

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  • Macko Family from Komacza (Ukrainian: , Komancha)

    Mary Macko married Daniel Fletcher (Fecych) in 1903 in Syracuse. They had three children. Their daughter Mary, born in 1904, married Stephen Hulchanski in Syracuse in 1920. They raised seven children. When Daniel died in 1945, Mary (Macko) lived with her daughter Mary (Fletcher) Hulchanski at 119 Schrouder St.

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  • Mary Macko and Daniel Fecych / Fletcher; and with their daughter Mary (Fecych / Fletcher) Hulchanski; probably early 1940s. Daniel died in 1945.

    8

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  • Fecych / Fletcher Family From Maniw (Ukrainian: , Maniv)

    Alexander and Mary Fecych from the village of Maniw (Maniv) in Galicia had two sons, Daniel and John, both born in Maniw and both migrated to the US and lived in Syracuse. Daniel married Mary Macko in Syracuse in 1903. One of their three children was Mary who married Stephen Hulchanski in 1920.

    9

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  • Halayko / Halaiko Family From Balnica (Ukrainian: , Balnytsia)

    Peter and Anna Halajko in Balnica had two children, Michael and Olena (Helen).

    Olena married John Hulchanski from a nearby village. They had one son Stephen Hulchanski, born in 1895.

    Olena and son Stephen travelled to the US in 1901. John arrived in 1902. They rst seled in a mining village in western Pennsylvania, Summerhill, and around 1914 moved to Auburn NY where they lived for the rest of their lives.

    Stephen married Mary Fecych (Fletcher) in 1920 and eventually moved to East Syracuse where they raised seven children.

    10

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  • 2. FAMILY VILLAGES IN GALICIA (WESTERN UKRAINE)

    HULCHANSKI FAMILY

    THE FIRST TWO GENERATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA

    CHAPTER 2

    Where is the Ukrainian village some Hulchanskis le around 1900?

    Where are the villages of other immediate family members?

    What happened to these villages?

    Why will we not nd any distant relaves living there?

    The Hulchanski name originates in Brzegi Grne (Polish name).

    Ukrainian name: (Berehy Horishni).

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  • Hulchanskis are from Galicia Galicia is an English term. In Polish it is Galicja and in Ukrainian it is Halychyna (). It naming dates from 1772.

    When North American genealogists use the term Galicia, they are usually referring to the most northeast region of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Today this area is in southeast Poland and southwest Ukraine.

    The ethnic background of Galicia is mixed. The eastern half where the Hulchanski family came from was predominately Ukrainians who were Greek (Byzanne) Catholics. There were many minories: Poles, Jews, Germans, Slovaks.

    Galicia (Halychyna) was rst a Ukrainian (eastern Slavic) principality from 1141-1340. The name comes from its capital city Halych.

    The region was fought over and changed hands several mes between Hungary, Poland and the Ukrainian princes. In 1349 a Polish king took control of the city. It remained in Polish hands unl 1772 when the region was occupied by the Austrian Empire.

    Aer WWI Galicia was divided between Poland and Ukraine. The Hulchanski family villages are all near the Ukraine border in todays Poland. 12

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  • Lviv, Ukraine former capital of Galicia

    (A) John Hulchanski, b.1875

    POLAND UKRAINE

    SLOVAKIA

    The Hulchanski, Halaiko, Fecyck & Macko Family Villages

    Map of post WWII naonal boundaries

    (B) Daniel Fecych (Fletcher), b.1878

    (C) Mary Macko, b.1884

    (D) Helen Halayko, b.1879

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  • The village family members named Hulchanski came from is in Poland today, on the border of Poland, Ukraine and Slovakia, in the foothills of the Carpathian mountains.

    14

    Poland

    Ukraine

    Romania

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  • Brzegi Grne, 2013 Ukrainian: ,

    Berehy Horishni

    is a village in the administrave district of Gmina Lutowiska, within Bieszczady County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in southeastern Poland, close to the border with Ukraine. It lies approximately 16 kilometres (10 mi) south-west of Lutowiska, 33 km (21 mi) south of Ustrzyki Dolne, and 107 km (66 mi) south of the regional capital Rzeszw. Wikipedia, 2013.

    15

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  • RIP: Brzegi Grne / Berehy Horishni

    1939 populaon 790: 750 Ukrainians, 10 Poles, 30 Jews.

    The village was depopulated in 1946 by the communist Polish state and burned. It does not exist today.

    The Greek Catholic parish church of St. Michael the Archangel (wooden, built 1897) was burned in 1947. This was the Hulchanski family church.

    Foundaons, remnants of the fence, and the church cemetery remain. In 1988 a cross was placed on the site of the church.

    A road was built through the cemetery. Only eleven gravestones remain. The others were crushed into gravel for the road.

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  • Aer WWII the populaon of this area was forcibly reseled and many villages destroyed by the communist Polish state. Ostensibly the violent reselement was aimed at suppressing the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. The reselement, however, was also intended to

    "solve the Ukrainian queson in Poland once and for all.

    From the Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine. hp://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/ 17

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  • In August 1990 the Senate of the Republic of Poland passed a resoluon condemning Operaon Wisa.

    In May 1997 Polish president A. Kwasniewski and Ukrainian president Leonid Kuchma signed a Declaraon of Understanding and Reconciliaon in an eort to move beyond mutual recriminaon.

    In April 2002, in a leer addressed to a Naonal Remembrance Instute conference commemorang the 55th anniversary of the acon, Polish President Kwasniewski openly expressed ocial regret over the operaon.

    From the Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine. hp://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/ 18

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  • Today Brzegi Gorne is a crossroads and bus stop. There appears to be one farm and a parking lot. This area was depopulated and villages destroyed following a post-WWII uprising against Communist Poland by Ukrainians. It is today part of Bieszcsady Naonal Park. Bieszczady Naonal Park is the

    third largest Naonal Park in Poland, located in the extreme south-east corner of the country, bordering Slovakia and Ukraine. The Park was created in 1973. It occupies an area of 292 square kilometres. In 1992 the Park and its surrounding areas became part of the UNESCO East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve, which has a total area of 2,132 square kilometres and also includes areas in Slovakia and Ukraine.

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  • 1876 Dwelling, Berehy Horishni (Berehy Gorne). (1) Main entrance door; (2) Glazed window; (3) Window with decorave construcon; (4 - 6) Carved structural beams.

    hps://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/xl4BhUKYR7qe435IYUiEeA 20

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  • Hulchanski Family: The First Two Generations in North America

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  • 3. JOHN & HELEN & SON STEPHEN HULCHANSKI

    John, Helen and Stephen came to the US in 1901 & 1902

    Lived in Pennsylvania unl about 1914

    John and Helen lived in Auburn NY the rest of their lives

    HULCHANSKI FAMILY

    THE FIRST TWO GENERATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA

    CHAPTER 3

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  • John Hulchanski arrived at the Port of New York on August 18, 1902 on the SS Kroonland, Red Star Line

    Helen (Olena) and son Stephen Hulchanski arrived at the Port of New York on May 16, 1901 on the S.S. Neckar

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  • Hulchanskis who le their Galician village of Brzegi Grne travelled rst to work in the Pennsylvania coal mines.

    The 1920 Census lists a Mike and Charles Hilohanski in PA [see Chapter 5]. Mike was 21 years older than Charles. Charles arrived in the US in 1909 and Mike in 1913.

    John Hulchanskis family le PA around 1914 and worked for many years in the Columbian Rope Factory in Auburn, NY.

    His son Stephen moved to East Syracuse when married and worked most of his life for the New York Central Railroad, raising seven children with his wife Mary (Fecych / Fletcher).

    24

    From farming villages in Galicia

    to Pennsylvinia mining towns to Central New York factory cies

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  • 1910 Census: John, Helen and Stephen Hulchanski

    They are listed as living in Summerhill, Cambria County PA. When they arrived in the US, they likely went to PA rst.

    25

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  • 1910 Census: Text version, John & Helen Hulchanski

    Home in 1910: Summerhill, Cambria County, PA.

    John worked in the Pennsylvania mines before moving north to Auburn NY.

    26

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  • John Hulchanskis 1936 Social Security applicaon idenes his parents, Nicholas & Fannie (Moscier), and his birthplace, Berchy Gurne, Galicia (by 1936 part of Poland)

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  • Helen & John Hulchanski, Auburn NY

    Aer Helen died in 1940 John married Mary Tershanne

    Like John, she was born in Galicia and worked for the Columbian Rope Company

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  • Stephen & Mary Hulchanski

    219 Schroeder St. East Syracuse, NY

    Married in 1920 Seven children born between 1921 and 1932

    30

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  • Stephen & Mary Hulchanski Marriage License Syracuse NY Married 10 Aug 1920 Stephen was a railroad reman; Mary a factory helper

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  • Stephen & Mary Hulchanski family, East Syracuse, NY. Early 1940s

    Sing: Harry Daniel, Stephen, William. Standing: Marion, Mary, Stephen, John, Helen, Elizabeth

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  • 33

    From Hulchanski.com

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  • 34 From Hulchanski.com

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  • 35

    The seven Children of Stephen &

    Mary (Fecych) Hulchanski of East

    Syracuse, NY

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  • 36

    John Hulchanski Death Cercate Auburn NY Born 15 Jan 1875 Died 14 Feb 1954 Age 79

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    Stephen Hulchanski Death Cercate Rochester NY Born 10 Aug 1898 Died 3 Dec 1950 Age 52

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  • 38

    Stephen Hulchanski New York Times 4 Dec 1950

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  • Some of the Hulchanskis who le villages in Galicia around 1900 rst seled in Pennsylvania working as laborers in coal mines in southern Cambria and northern Somerset counes. We know one

    Hulchanski who went to Milwaukee instead (see Chapter 4).

    Family members, children of Stephen and Mary in Syracuse, recall having cousins from PA who would visit Auburn (i.e., John and Helens home, their grandparents) in the 1930s. In addion to family members in Western PA, these may also have been members of the Hilchanski family of Wilkes-Berre, Luzerne County, PA (see Chapter 6).

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  • Hulchanski Family in Pennsylvania in early and mid-20th Century

    They le farming villages in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains around 1900 and inially seled in mining villages in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains.

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  • 4. IWAN HULSZCZANSKI

    Iwan Hulszczanski, 1868-1948, Milwaukee, WI.

    A likely relave (cousin?) of John Hulchanski (1875-1954).

    Iwan (Ivan, John) came to the US from the same small village in Galicia as John Hulchanski.

    Iwan Hulszczanski legally changed his name to John Olsan in 1935. His grandson, John Olsan, lives in Milwaukee.

    HULCHANSKI FAMILY

    THE FIRST TWO GENERATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA

    CHAPTER 4

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  • Born in the village of Brzegi Grne

    John Hulszczanski (1868-1948), Milwaukee

    John Hulchanski (1875-1954), Summerhill PA & Auburn NY

    Charles & Michael of Vintondale PA (Charles 1884-1941; Michael unknown), birthplace of both not known yet.

    Nicholas Hilchanski of Wilkes-Berre PA (nothing known yet)

    Iwan Hulczczanski 1906 wedding photo. Wife: Mary Wojtowycz.

    Iwan & Mary changed their name to Olsan. The Olsan family today has Iwans 1868 birth cercate from Brzegi Gorne, Galicia, which is also the birth place of John Hulchanski.

    The original Ukrainian spelling of the last name is the same as we Hulchanskis believe the original spelling of our name to be. Ivan (John) was a common name. Were the two Johns (Ivans) cousins in Brzegi Grne? Are Charles, Michael and Nicholas also cousins?

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  • Iwan Hulszczanski, 1868 Brzegi Grne 1948 Milwaukee

    Name legally changed to John Olsan in 1935

    John and wife Nancy Olsan, Milwaukee, 2011. Grandson of Iwan Hulszczanski (John Olsan).

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  • Birth and bapsmal cercate by ocial parish Greek Catholic Berchi Hirni Church St Michael declaring that, in birth record books of this church, Vol. 2, page 78, is shown as follows: born June 15, 1868 male, Greek Catholic name Ivan, born under wedlock Parents Nestor Hul'schans'kyi, son of Petro and Mariia Kychak from Berehy Hirni. Anastasiia Savka, daughter of Mykhailo and Mariia Chekaniv from Dvernyk. This cercate is in my own hand and by the seal of the church, Berehi Hirni, April 9, 1906.

    Imperial Austria Kingdom of Galicia

    44

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  • Iwan & Mary (Wojtowycz) Hulszczanski, 1930s

    Milwaukee WI Names changed to John & Mary Olsan In 1935

    45

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  • 5. CHARLES HULCHANSKI

    1884-1941, Coal miner, Vintondale, PA

    What is his connecon to the John Hulchanski family?

    Census spellings: Hilohanski (1920), Hilchanscy (1930), Hillshawney (1940). 1941 death cercate: Hillschancey. A 1940 news photo: Hulchancy. Gravestone: Hulchanski (1941).

    HULCHANSKI FAMILY

    THE FIRST TWO GENERATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA

    CHAPTER 5

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  • Charles Hulchanski c. 1940 to his friends

    Fat Charlie

    Who was Charles Hulchanski of Viondale PA?

    Was he related to the Hulchanski family of Auburn and Syracuse NY?

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  • Listed as Charley Hillschancey on his death cercate. Not married.

    Born January 11, 1884

    Died January 22, 1941. 55 years old.

    Came to USA in 1909, age 23.

    Worked as laborer on pple" for the Vinton Colliery Co. The pple" is where they p the coal out of the carts.

    Died of Coronary Thrombosis; Myocardial Degeneraon (starng 1925); and Arteriosclerosis. Contribung factor: Obesity.

    His residence is listed as the Farkas Hotel in Vintondale PA, a boarding house.

    Fathers name listed as John Hillschancey.

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  • From Vintondale, by Denise Dusza Weber, 2008, p.46. 50

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  • From Vintondale, by Denise Dusza Weber, 2008, p. 46.

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  • Charles was a member of the United Mine Workers of America in Vintondale PA

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  • From Vintondale, by Denise Dusza Weber, 2008, p. 55.

    Charles lived for many years in the Farkas Hotel (a boarding home, i.e., renng a room with meals) in Vintondale, PA

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  • From Vintondale, by Denise Dusza Weber, 2008, p. 64.

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  • Charles Hulchanski was a boarder in the Farkas Hotel, Vintondale for at least 15 years prior to his death in 1941. He was likely a good friend of the Farkas family. He

    may have boarded with them in the 1920s on Barker St. in Lilly, PA (1930 Census).

    Farkas Hotel, with a third oor added, 1939

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  • Vintondale in 2013 (Google Earth). The Farkas Hotel at 164 Main St. is no longer there.

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  • 1930 Census: Original census page, Charles Hulchanski

    In April 1930 listed as Charles Hilchanscy living in the Farcas Hotel as a border. Mike & Helen Farkas have 3 sons and 4 daughters. There are 3 boarders.

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  • 1940 Census: Original census page, Charles Hulchanski

    In April 1940 listed as Charles Hillshawney living in the Farcas Hotel as a border. Mike & his 2nd wife Helen Farkas have 2 sons living with them and 4 daughters. There are 2 boarders (lodgers).

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  • 1940 Census, Vintondale, PA. Charles Hillschawney

    Census takers did their best to enter names onto the forms as they went door-to-door. Thus many misspellings. 59

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  • The cemetery is located at the end of Maple Street (In the woods near the PA State

    Gamelands) in the borough of Vintondale, Cambria County, PA.

    Charles Hulchanski is buried in the cemetery of the St. Peter and Paul Orthodox Church,

    Vintondale, PA

    hp://warholic.tripod.com/Cem_vintondale.html

    hp://oca.org/parishes/OCA-WP-VINSPP

    Ondriezek Funeral Home of Nanty Glo (now Bowser-Ondriezek Funeral Home)

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  • QUESTIONS, UNKNOWNS about Charles

    Is Charles a relave of the John and Helen (and son Stephen) Hulchanski family that came over from Galicia in 1901 & 1902? Unl about 1914 they lived near Vintondale and John worked in the mines. John then moved to Auburn NY. His son Stephen lived in East Syracuse NY aer marrying Mary. They visited relaves in PA, through no one now recalls who.

    We rst knew of Charles from the gravestone.

    No ocial document we can nd for Charles uses the Hulchanski spelling but his gravestone does.

    He was acve with the United Mine Workers union: there is a newspaper photo of him with the UMW; & the UMW Local is listed on his gravestone.

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  • Mike Hilohanski in the 1920 Census

    A relave of Stephen (Vintondale), John (Auburn), John (Milwaukee)?

    Who was the Mike Hilohanski recorded in the 1920 census? But no other census. We do not know.

    He is listed in the census along with Charles Hilohanski as boarders at the Farkas Hotel and as miners.

    Mike and Charles are thus likely relaves.

    There may be an error in spelling or sloppy census taker handwring (the o may be a c). There was a Hilchanski family in Willkes-Barre at the me.

    1920 Census text:

    Hilohanski, Mike 10A Main St. Vintondale, Cambria Boarder, 55 years

    old

    Came to US in 1913 Born Austria Laborer Coal Co. Vinton Colliery

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  • Charles Hulchanski reasonable guesses from the evidence Charles, as well as Michael who we know lile about, were likely relaves of the John, Helen and Stephen Hulchanski family of Auburn and Syracuse NY.

    He was likely from the same or a nearby village in Galicia (Ukraine). Word of mouth within families led people from one family and village in the old country to employment prospects in a region of the new country.

    Charles was likely illiterate which was common among peasants from rural villages. If he remained illiterate this would explain the many spellings of his last name.

    If Charles was related to John Hulchanski (of Auburn NY), John, his wife Helen and son Stephen (of Syracuse NY) would likely have aended the 1941 funeral. If so, the Hulchanski spelling on the gravestone could have come from the Auburn/Syracuse Hulchanskis, that is, they would have likely requested that spelling.

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  • 6. LASHINSKY / HALAYKO FAMILY OF WINDBER, PA

    HULCHANSKI FAMILY

    THE FIRST TWO GENERATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA

    CHAPTER 6

    In 1906 Mary Halayko married miner Michael Lashinsky in the mining town of Windber PA. Both were born in Galicia and arrived in the US around 1900. We do not know much about the Lashinsky-Halayko family in Windber.

    Mary Halayko was the half sister of Helen Halayko who married John Hulchanski prior to coming to the USA in 1901. Windber is close to Sommerhill PA where John and Helen lived unl about 1914.

    Michael and Mary (Halayko) Lashinsky raised eight children in Windber. Michael died in a mining accident in 1928.

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  • Michael & Mary (Halayko) Lashinsky Family Windber Pa, Eight children, 1909 to 1924

    Mary (Halayko) Lashinsky raised this large family through the 1930s depression as a single parent due to husband Mikes death

    in a mining accident in 1928.

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  • Mary (Halayko) Lashinsky

    15 Nov 1890 (Galicia); 2 Jan 1948 (Windber PA)

    Note: Mary (Halayko) Lashinskys parents were Peter Halayko (Halajko) and Ana Beca (Betza), likely from the village of Balnytsia in Galicia not John and Mary Halayko as stated above. John Halayko, Cynthia Hoblock and Eva Steck were her brothers and sisters as stated above, but so was William Halayko (not menoned). She also had a half brother and sister, Michael and Helen. Helen (Olena) was the wife of John Hulchanski of Auburn NY.

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  • Mary (Halayko) Lashinskys Parents, Brothers & Sisters

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    Peter Halaykos Descendants Wife Anna, 2 children Wife Ana, 5 children

    including Mary Halayko Lashinsky of Windber

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  • These are Stephen Hulchanskis photos from perhaps the early 1940s when, we assume, he visited relaves in Windber PA. If so, the women below may be Mary (Halayko) Lashinsky with her sons. Her husband died in 1928.

    Stephen Hulchanskis grandmother, Helen (Halaiko) Hulchanski in Auburn NY, was the half sister of Mary (Halayko) Lashinsky in Windber PA. 69

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  • The mines near Windber PA. Perhaps early 1940s.

    Photos from Stephen Hulchanski and his son John (1921-2012).

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  • Windber, PAs Mine #40 & Mine #37

    Stephen Hulchanski or son Johns photos, likely early 1940s

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  • 7. HILCHANSKI FAMILY OF WILKES-BARRE

    HULCHANSKI FAMILY

    THE FIRST TWO GENERATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA

    CHAPTER 7 ? Are the Hilchanskis of Wilkes-Barre PA related to the Hulchanskis of Auburn and Syracuse NY?

    Possibly but the genealogical research has not been done yet.

    We do not know which village Nicholas Hilchinski came from. He and his wife Rose Shedlock had four children. Rose was not from Galicia but from a local PA family.

    We believe no one with the Hilchanski name is alive today. The two sons did not marry.

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    Hilchanski Family of Wilkes-Barre

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  • This report was compiled by John David Hulchanski and William Daniel Hulchanski in 2013, with les from Thomas Michael Hulchanski, great grandsons of John Hulchanski who immigrated to the US in 1902.

    The Hulchanski family genealogy website is www.hulchanski.com

    This report will be updated as we learn more and/or nd errors. The rst page will always list the date of the latest update and the latest version will always be posted on www.Hulchanski.com

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