hstt han quoc 05.2016

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  • Ban Quan h Quc t - VCCI

    05.2016

    H S TH TRNG

    HN QUC

    Ngi lin h: Trng Bch Ngc

    Tel: 04.35742022 ext 305

    Email: ngoctb@vcci.com.vn

  • H S TH TRNG HN QUC

    MC LC

    I. GII THIU CHUNG .......................................................................................................................................3

    1. Cc thng tin c bn ......................................................................................................................................3

    2. Lch s ...........................................................................................................................................................4

    3. Vn ho x hi ...............................................................................................................................................5

    4. Du lch ...........................................................................................................................................................5

    5. Con ngi ......................................................................................................................................................5

    6. Quan h quc t .............................................................................................................................................6

    7. Vn ha kinh doanh .......................................................................................................................................6

    8. Cng ng ngi Vit ti Hn Quc .............................................................................................................7

    II. TNH HNH KINH T .....................................................................................................................................7

    1. Tng quan ......................................................................................................................................................7

    2. Cc ngnh kinh t mi nhn: .........................................................................................................................7

    3. Cc ch s kinh t ...........................................................................................................................................8

    III. QUAN H NGOI GIAO CHNH TR VI VIT NAM ..........................................................................9

    1. Cc chuyn thm cao cp gn y .................................................................................................................9

    IV. QUAN H KINH T VI VIT NAM ........................................................................................................10

    1. Hp tc thng mi .....................................................................................................................................10

    2. Hp tc u t ..............................................................................................................................................11

    3. Hp tc trong cc lnh vc khc ..................................................................................................................14

    Vin tr ODA ca Hn Quc cho Vit Nam: ..................................................................................................14

    V. HP TC VI VCCI .....................................................................................................................................10

    1. Tha thun hp tc k kt .......................................................................................................................15

    2. Hot ng trin khai ................................................................................................................................16

    VI. THNG TIN HU CH ................................................................................................................................17

    1. a ch hu ch .........................................................................................................................................17

    2. Cc thng tin khc .......................................................................................................................................19

    PH LC THAM KHO

    Bng 1. Xut khu VN Hn Quc

    Bng 2. Nhp khu VN Hn Quc

  • Ban Quan h Quc t H s th trng Hn Quc

    Cp nht ngy 10/05/2016 Trang 3

    I. GII THIU CHUNG

    1. Cc thng tin c bn

    Tn nc i Hn Dn Quc

    Th Seoul

    Quc khnh 3/10

    Din tch 99.720 km2 Trong din tch t lin: 96.920 km2; din tch mt nc: 2.800 km2

    Dn s 49 triu ngi (tnh n thng 6/2014)

    Kh hu Kh hu n i, c 4 ma r rt. Ma xun v ma thu kh ngn, ma h nng v m t, ma ng th lnh, kh v tuyt ri nhiu.

    Ngn ng Ting Hn

    Tn gio o C c (31,6%), o Pht (24,2%)

    n v tin t ng Won, T gi 1 USD =1.084 KRW (Won) (nm 2015)

    Mi gi GMT + 2

    Th ch Ngi ng u i Hn Dn quc l Tng thng do dn trc tip bu ra mi nm nm mt ln v khng c php ti ng c. Tng thng l i din cao nht ca quc gia v c quyn ch huy qun i (tng ng chc: Tng T lnh). Th tng do Tng thng ch nh v lnh o chnh ph. Chnh ph c ti thiu 15 v ti a l 30 thnh vin. Thnh vin chnh ph do th tng ch nh. Chc v th tng cng nh b trng phi c s thng qua ca quc hi.

    Quc hi Hn Quc ch c mt vin v c gi l (, Gukhoe, Quc hi). i biu quc hi c bu mi bn nm mt ln. Quc hi c tt c 299 i biu.

  • Ban Quan h Quc t H s th trng Hn Quc

    Cp nht ngy 10/05/2016 Trang 4

    C quan quan trng th ba trong h thng chnh tr Hn Quc l To n ti cao. C quan ny theo di hot ng ca chnh ph v ra cc phn quyt cui cng. To n gm c chn thm phn ti cao. Tng thng trc tip ch nh ba ngi trong s ny, ba ngi c quc hi bu ra, tuy nhin phi c s chp thun ca tng thng. Chnh n to n ti cao l ngi ch nh ba thm phn cn li.

    Tng thng

    Th tng

    Park Geun-Hye (nm 2012)

    Hwang Kyo-Ahn (t 18/06/2015)

    Cc tnh thnh ph khc 06 thnh ph ln trc thuc trung ng (Incheon pha Ty Seoul, Daejeon min trung, Kwangju pha Ty Nam, Daegu v Busan pha ng Nam, Ulsan v 9 tnh; 01 tnh t tr (Jeju).

    V tr a l Hn Quc nm trn Bn o Triu Tin, mt bn o tri di 1.000 km t bc ti nam, phn ng bc ca lc a Chu , ni hi phn ca bn o tip gip vi phn cc ty ca Thi Bnh Dng. Pha bc bn o tip gip vi Trung Quc v Nga. Pha ng ca bn o l Bin ng, xa hn na l nc lng ging Nht Bn. Ngoi bn o chnh cn c hn 3.200 o nh.

    Cu trc tui 0-14 tui: 14,1 %

    15-64 tui: 73,2%

    t 65 tui tr ln: 12,7%

    Cc ng phi chnh tr Ngoi ng cm quyn i dn tc (chim hn 50% s gh trong Quc hi) cn c cc ng khc nh: Dn ch, Tn tin v Sng to, Dn ch Lao ng, Lin minh than Pac Kn H, Hn Quc sng to v Tin b tn ng.

    2. Lch s

    Trc nm 1945, Hn Quc hay Triu Tin ch l tn gi khc nhau ca bn o Triu Tin. t nc ny c khong 5.000 nm lch s. T tin ca ngi Triu Tin l nhng ngi thuc cc b lc Mng C di c t vng Trung n bn o.

    Nm 2333 trc Cng nguyn, nc C Triu Tin (Ko Choson) ra i, ly Bnh Nhng lm trung tm, bao gm c vng Mn Chu, Hoa ng (Trung Quc) v bn o Triu Tin. Nh nc ny tn ti khong 1000 nm, lin tip b nh Chu, nh Hn xm lc.

    Nc Triu Tin c th gii bit n t triu i Koryo. Tn nc Koryo c phin m quc t thnh KOREA.

    Cui th k 19, bn o Triu Tin b cc nc ln Trung Quc, Nga, Nht Bn tranh ginh nhau. Nm 1910, Nht Bn thn tnh Bn o. Nm 1945, Bn o c gii phng, nhng t nc b chia ct, hnh thnh hai nh nc theo hai ch chnh tr - x hi khc nhau: Pha Nam gi l i Hn Dn Quc gi tt l Hn Quc, tn ting Anh l Republic of Korea (ngy 15 thng 8 nm 1948, Tng thng l L Tha Vn) v CHDCND Triu Tin pha Bc (ngy 09 thng 9 nm 1948, Ch tch nc l Kim Nht Thnh), tn ting Anh l Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea ly v tuyn 380 Bc lm ranh gii. Cuc chin tranh Triu Tin 1950-1953 khng lm thay i c cc din trn bn o, v tuyn 38 tr thnh ng ranh gii qun s cho n ngy ny.

  • Ban Quan h Quc t H s th trng Hn Quc

    Cp nht ngy 10/05/2016 Trang 5

    3. Vn ho x hi

    Hn Quc c chung nn vn ha truyn thng vi CHDCND Triu Tin. Tuy vy, vn ha hin i ca Nam Hn li khc bit vi Bc Hn.K-Pop:K-Pop (vit tt ca Korean Pop, Pop Hn Quc) l dng nhc Pop Hn chu nh hng ca J-Pop (Pop Nht). Nhng ngi mi nghe khng th phn bit c s khc bit gia hai dng nhc ny.

    4. Du lch

    Hn Quc l mt t nc c nn du lch v cng nghip gii tr pht trin, l ni c nhiu danh lam thng cnh p. L mt quc gia bn o c bn ma r rt, Hn Quc c cc thung lng, ngn ni, nhng dng sng v bi bin p nh tranh. Xuyn sut phong cnh thin nhin ti p ny c nhiu n i, miu c, cung in hong gia, cng trnh iu khc, cha chin, khu kho c, pho i, lng dn gian v vin bo tang. Cc danh lam nh ni Baekdu, ngn ni c xem l ni thing ca bn o Hn Quc v dn chng Hn Quc cho rng l ni khai sinh ngun ci ca dn tc mnh. Du khch nc ngoi cng gh thm o Cheju, o Doldo, Dadohea Haesang National Park cng vin quc gia thuc Wando-gun tnh Jeollanam-do c to thnh t 1700 hn o ln nh, nm tri di ti pha Ty Nam Hn. (Chi tit xem thm phn Ph lc)

    Ma xun l thi im tuyt vi nht n Hn Quc. Nhit lc ny m p nhng khng qu nng v cng khng c ma nhiu. Ma h bt u bng ma ma ln vo thng 6 v cng lc cng nng ht vo thng 7 8, thi tit cc m v nhit cao, ln n 40 C. Nn trnh n Hn Quc vo thi im ny. Ma thu bt u t thng 9, c th ni l thi im tt nht n Hn Quc. Nhit v m tr nn nh nhng hn, ngy d chu, mt m v mu sc ma thu bt u xut hin tht lng mn.Ma ng l thi