how to write disseration/ original article. muhammad saaiq

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How to write disseration/ original article. Muhammad Saaiq

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  • 1. Muhammad SaaiqAssistant ProfessorPIMS, Islamabad.muhammadsaaiq5@gmail.comMuhammad SaaiqMuhammad SaaiqAssistant ProfessorAssistant ProfessorPIMS, Islamabad.PIMS, Islamabad.muhammadsaaiq5@gmail.commuhammadsaaiq5@gmail.comSynopsisDissertationThesisHOW TO WRITEDISSERTATION/ MEDICALPAPEREFFECTIVELY?Jan 2009Jan 2009

2. What Prompted this Presentation 3. To Share knowledge / Experience withTo Share knowledge / Experience withother Medical colleaguesother Medical colleaguesCritical analysis and Interpretation of existing knowledgeCritical analysis and Interpretation of existing knowledge(Review article)(Review article)New scientific ResearchNew scientific ResearchClinical findings (Case report)Clinical findings (Case report)OthersOthersTo Advance your institution.To Advance your institution. PrestigePrestigeTo Advance yourselfTo Advance yourselfIncreasing your research ability (practice makes perfect)Increasing your research ability (practice makes perfect)Partial fulfillment of EXAMPartial fulfillment of EXAMPromotionPromotionWhy to Write 4. Dissertation/ SynopsisDissertation/ SynopsisEditorialEditorialOriginal ArticleOriginal ArticleReview articleReview articleCaseCase--reportreportLetter to EditorLetter to EditorShort CommunicationShort CommunicationOthers. e.g. Meta analysisOthers. e.g. Meta analysisTypes of Medical Writings 5. Structure of a Medical Paper/Original ArticleTitleTitleAbstractAbstractIntroductionIntroductionMaterials and MethodsMaterials and MethodsResultsResultsTablesTablesFiguresFiguresDiscussionDiscussionReferencesReferencesDISSERTATION ADDITINALLY HAS LITERATUREDISSERTATION ADDITINALLY HAS LITERATUREREVIEWREVIEW 6. Main Components of Article/DissertationIMRADNon-IMRaDIIntroductionntroductionMMaterials & Methodsaterials & MethodsRResultsesultsAnalysisDDiscussioniscussionTitleTitleReferencesReferencesAbstarctAbstarctLITERATURELITERATUREREVIEWREVIEW 7. The Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus 8. Roadmap for WritingRoadmap for WritingTitle( Temporaryinitailly )Materials and MethodsResultsDiscussion IntroductionReferencesAbstractREVISE,REVISEANDREVISEDISSERTATION HAS LITERATURE REVIEWDISSERTATION HAS LITERATURE REVIEW ALSOALSO 9. INTRODUCTIONPearlsMOVE FROM; General to Specific Broad Description to a narrow one Historical To Latest International To LocalFunnel Down 10. INTRODUCTIONPearls (Contd)The introduction should give a brief overview ofthe Issue in question.The main body is described in PRESENT TENSEas it is written about what is known.The last para which highlights Rationale of testudy is in FUTURE tense.Has no more than 03 paras. i.e.Background Informationwhat the issue is?Importance of the problem, ementioning unresolved issues.Rationale for conducting te present study, stating hypothesisor research question. 11. INTRODUCTIONPitfallsReviewing the subject extensively.Giving details of the experimental designs.Referring to tables and figures.Drawing conclusions. 12. What Did We Do?What Did We Do?When?When?Where?Where?How?How?MATERIALS AND METHODSPearls 13. MATERIALS AND METHODSPitfallsNot explaining experimental designs in sufficientNot explaining experimental designs in sufficientdetails.details.Not giving units of measurements.Not giving units of measurements.Not using chronological sequence for methods.Not using chronological sequence for methods. 14. RESULTSPearlsWhat Did We Find ?What Did We Find ? 15. RESULTSPearls (Contd)Variables No. of Dissatisfiedpatients (%)P-valueGENDERMale ( n=76)Female (n=57)23 (30.26%)4 (7.01%)0.001AGEUp-to 40 years (n=73)> 40 years (n=60)25(34.24%)2( 3.33%)0.000IV: Association of dissatisfaction with Sociodemographic characteristics. ( n=133) 16. The compulsion to include everything, leavingnothing out, does not prove that one hasunlimited information; it proves that one lacksdiscrimination.S. AaronsonRESULTSPitfalls 17. RESULTSPitfalls (Contd)Giving unnecessary details; Not to the point.Giving unnecessary details; Not to the point.Data Failing to answer the actual researchData Failing to answer the actual researchquestion/ Hypothesis.question/ Hypothesis.Giving OGiving Opinions, Explanations or Discussion onpinions, Explanations or Discussion onFindings.Findings.Duplication /Repetition of Data.Duplication /Repetition of Data.Not properly Numbering the Tables / Figures.Not properly Numbering the Tables / Figures. 18. DISCUSSIONPearlsFunnel Up Approach 19. DISCUSSIONPitfallsProclaiming things which data of the article do notsupport .Failing to discuss important and new aspects of thesubject.Failing to address the Hypothesis in question. Notgiving reasons for supporting or rejecting theHypothesis.Making any value judgments.Drawing conclusion based on the findings of otherstudies. 20. A good article has a definite structure, makesits point and then shuts upStephen Lock 21. REFERENCESPearls 22. REFERENCESPearls (Contd)SEQUENCE:SEQUENCE:Correct: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9Correct: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9Correct: 1,2,3,4,5, 1,4,3, 6,7, 2, 8,Correct: 1,2,3,4,5, 1,4,3, 6,7, 2, 8,Incorrect: 1,2,35,6,3,19,4,7Incorrect: 1,2,35,6,3,19,4,7 23. REFERENCESPearls (Contd)Americans National Standards Institute StyleAmericans National Standards Institute StyleHarvard StyleHarvard StyleVancouver StyleVancouver StyleOthersOthers 24. Owing to its function, the hand is vulnerable to all kinds of traumaticinsults. 1 The hand injuries are classified into skeletal and soft tissueinjuries. 2ReferencesReferences1. Tymchak J. Soft tissue reconstruction of the hand. In: Thorne CH,Beasley RW, Aston SJ, Bartlett SP, Gurtner GC, Spear SL, eds. Grabband Smiths Plastic surgery. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williamsand Wilkins; 2007: 771-80.2. Campbell DA. Hand fractures. Surgery International 2006; 75 : 437-40.REFERENCESPearls (Contd)VANCOUVER STYLEVANCOUVER STYLE 25. REFERENCESPearls (Contd)HARVARD STYLEHARVARD STYLEOwing to its function, the hand is vulnerable to all kinds of traumaticinsults. (Tymchak J 2007 ) The hand injuries are classified intoskeletal and soft tissue injuries. (Campbell DA 2006 )ReferencesReferences1. Campbell DA. Hand fractures. Surgery International 2006; 75 : 437-40.2. Tymchak J. Soft tissue reconstruction of the hand. In: Thorne CH,Beasley RW, Aston SJ, Bartlett SP, Gurtner GC, Spear SL, eds. Grabband Smiths Plastic surgery. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williamsand Wilkins; 2007: 771-80. 26. TITLEPearls 27. ABSTRACTPearls 28. FREQUENT GENERAL MISTAKESINCORRECT CORRECTDATA was analyzed DATA were analyzedPERFORMA PROFORMAREGIME REGIMEN& ANDemergencypresentations1-3 . Emergency presentations. 1-3 29. PRESENTABLE FORMATSHOULD BE ENSURED BEFORESUBMISSION 30. www. ICMJE.orgwww.CONSORT_statement.orgwww.NLMsCiting MedicineGuidelines for Synopsis and Dissertation Writing for CPSPHuwiler-Mntener K, Jni P, Junker C, Egger M. Quality ofReporting of Randomized Trials as a Measure of MethodologicQuality. JAMA 2002;287(21):2801-2804.Garfield E. An old Proposal for a new Profession: ScientificReviewing. The Scientist 1996;10 (16):12.FURTHER READING

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