How to Win an Argument: Ethos, Pathos, Logos Snell: Debate I

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> How to Win an Argument: Ethos, Pathos, Logos Snell: Debate I </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> What is Rhetoric? Rhetoric (n) - the art of speaking or writing effectively (Webster's Definition). According to Aristotle, rhetoric is "the ability, in each particular case, to see the available means of persuasion." He described three main forms of rhetoric: Ethos, Logos, and Pathos. In order to be a more effective debater, you must understand these three terms. You will better understand their meanings which will make your speaking more persuasive. </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Three Forms of Rhetoric Ethos Logos Pathos </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Ethos (Credibility) Ethos is all about credibility. We believe people we respect have behaved ethically. We tend to believe people whom we respect. Credibility of Self Credibility of Source </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Ethos Example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yf7MT1p 1VNI&amp;safe=active http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yf7MT1p 1VNI&amp;safe=active How does Cher build or lose her credibility in this debate? </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> https://www.youtube.com/watc h?v=hxUZI0vE0FM https://www.youtube.com/watc h?v=hxUZI0vE0FM Watch this television ad from 1949. How do the ads creators appeal to ethos for their audience in 1949? How do we view this ad differently in 2014? </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Logos (Logical) Logos: the logic used to support a claim; the facts and statistics used to help support the argument. Persuading by the use of reasoning. An effective and persuasive reason that supports your ideas. </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Logos Example: Idea: Students should be allowed to use cell phones during school hours. List three supporting facts and/or statistics that will support the aforementioned idea. </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Logos Example: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DWACpDl qK3s What strategies do the rhetoricians use to appeal to logos? How do visual elements of the video emphasize the use of logic? </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Pathos (Emotional) Pathos: persuading by appealing to the audiences emotions. Emotional appeals, are used to persuade. Language choice affects the audience's emotional response, and emotional appeal can effectively be used to enhance an argument. How? Anecdotal stories, loaded words, emotional statistics </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Pathos Example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ktGSct- _HH4&amp;safe=active How does Matthew McConaugheys character appeal to the audiences emotions? </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Isnt debate just arguing? Argument, Def. 1: An emotional, verbal fight in which people become angry, bitter, or dissatisfied with the person they are having a conversation. </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Isnt debate just arguing? Argument, Def. 2: A stance taken in support of an issue that can be supported, verified, or upheld by others. </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Debate: Process of two or more people reaching a consensus. Both parties must come to a mutual agreement. </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Resolution Analysis Whereas junk food is detrimental to the health of students, and Whereas, sugar highs cause students to lose focus in the classroom, and whereas, it is the duty of the schools to educate students in all facets of life, be it resolved that the sale of all junk food on school property shall be prohibited. </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Resolution Analysis Whereas a three month summer vacation is too long for students to retain information learned at school, and whereas many school districts have already successfully adopted the Year Round format of alternate blocks of nine weeks of school followed by two weeks of vacation, be it resolved that Minnesota, in order to better meet the academic needs of its students, should adopt a uniform, statewide, year-round school year </li> </ul>