how to treat sudden cardiac arrest
Post on 13-Apr-2017
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We all are aware of heart attacks and cardiac arrest but we have null idea about How to treat sudden cardiac arrest many Best Cardiologist in Hyderabad gave the below detailed explanation on cardiac arrest.We all often confuse and sometimes misconception occurs between cardiac arrest and heart attack. We all imagined these both are just synonyms and interchange the words. So, the truth is, cardiac arrest is different from heart attack as said by the best cardiologist in Hyderabad India.Check out the total detailed information on cardiac arrest and heart attack which are categorized accordingly as per the best cardiologist in Apollo Hyderabad
Difference between Heart Attack and Cardiac ArrestHeart Attack: Heart attack generally occurs when blood with oxygen content stops to flow in one section of the heart and blocks the artery from blood flow. If this artery blockage is not cleared quickly it may lead to death of artery which damages the body. If the treatment is not received in short spam then the circumstances will be worse and may lead to death. Many symptoms will start showing before hours, days or weeks.
Cardiac Arrest: Usually, cardiac arrest occurs without any warnings. It happens because of the irregular electrical signals in the heart which leads to irregular heartbeat which is known as arrhythmia. Because of this action heart cannot pump blood to brain and other parts of the body. This leads to unconsciousness and pulse rate breaks down and a person can die in minutes when the treatment is not provided immediately.
Is there any link between heart attack and cardiac arrest?
According to best pediatric cardiologist in Hyderabad there is a major link between both heart attack and cardiac arrest. When a person is affected with heart attack there are less chances of getting cardiac arrest or they may not get but when a person is affected with cardiac arrest, it very commonly directs to heart attack. Cardiac arrest also happens because of heart diseases like arrhythmias, heart failure, heart muscle thickness, etc.
Can cardiac attack or heart attack leads to death?
Yes, many best cardiologist surgeon in Hyderabad explained that both can lead to death if there is no proper treatment provided within the very short span of time after it occurs. There are even possible chances to recover from cardiac arrest or heart attacks only when the treatment is started within few minutes.
Signs of cardiac arrestDoes he collapse without any prior warning signs?A person faints and losses his consciousness suddenly. Check whether the person has breathing or not.Is there any response for your words?Check for heart beat and try to know whether the heart rhythm is slow or fast or normal.Check for response by touching him such as tapping on shoulders or back.Some people will have little dizziness and light headache before they faint.People may also suffer with nausea, vomiting before getting cardiac arrest.Few may also get chest pain seconds before they collapse.
Causes of Sudden cardiac arrest There are many diseases and general causes which lead to cardiac arrest which are specified by the best cardiologist in Kukatpally Hyderabad in which few of them are listed below.
Diseases which are the causes of Cardiac arrest: There are several causes for cardiac arrest because of change in life style, food and human body variations. These causes are developed from the below listed diseases which are related to heart and others. Few of the important causes are listed below.
Heart Attack: Person affected with heart attack often may suffer with cardiac arrest. Heart attack occurs due to many reasons.
Coronary Artery Disease: It occurs when the arteries are blocked with bad cholesterol, blood and reduces blood flow. This usually may lead to cardiac arrest.
Electrical Wiring: The electrical system in the heart causes different issue which ends up with cardiac arrest in many people. This generally causes because of the irregular heart rhythms.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM): One in 500 people are affected with HCM and there are various reasons behind this disease such as high blood pressure, diabetes, sometimes thyroid. This is the common cardiac arrest reason in many young people.
Pulmonary embolism: This appears due to the sudden blockage of blood in the pulmonary arteries in the lungs. If the blood clot is very heavy it will stop the blood flow from the heart and sudden cardiac arrest occurs.Aortic aneurysm: A balloon is formed in the arteries which effects blood flow in the heart internally and causes cardiac arrest because of lack of healthy heart functionality.
Aortic dissection: This occurs when aorta is split in its inner layer and there is rapid raise of blood in inner layer and separates middle layer and inner layer. This is the less common cause of cardiac arrest.
Cardiomyopathy: This occurs when the heart muscles stretch and enlarge in the internal heart walls which may reduce blood flow and damages heart tissues and this leads to cardiac arrest.
Valvular heart disease: Leakage or narrow of heart valves will damage heart functionality and the heart chambers become week. All these are the reasons for cardiac arrest.
Congenital heart disease: This disease occurs from birth. If a child or adolescent is suffered with cardiac arrest then this congenital heart disease is the major reason behind it. It has higher chances of affecting adults when they had congenital heart surgery.
General causes of sudden cardiac arrestPhysical Stress: Certain physical stress will cause electrical fail in the heart which leads to cardiac arrest. Few of them are very low blood levels, insufficient oxygen circulation, overdose of physical activities and other forms of physical stress will effects heart.
Inherited disorder: A tendency to have heart diseases because of genital disease structure such as arrhythmias in the family. It inherits from parents or grandparents to child. Members of the heart disease affected family are higher at risk.
Structural change in the heart: There are many cases where the structure of the heart such sizes of the heart effects heart functionality and is the common cause for cardiac arrest. Enlarged heart will leads to many heart diseases. Heart infections are the major cause structural change.
Demographics: Cardiac arrest occurs irrespective of demographics such as age, sex and race. It affects different group of people irrespective of locations.
Cardiac Arrest in ChildrenPediatric cardiac arrest: This happens very rarely but it comes without any warning signs. Sudden collapse will be result of this type.
Arrhythmia: ventricular fibrillation is the reason behind this cardiac arrest. It comes with warning signs and there are very less chances of recovering life.
Sudden Cardiac Arrest TreatmentExternal Defibrillators: It measures the electrical activity in the heart and if necessary it starts shock therapy if the heart rhythm starts very fast. Most of the best Interventional cardiologist in Hyderabad emergency teams takes out this treatment outside the hospital to the needed place for quick therapy.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR):CPR acts as a vital role in providing the continuous flow of oxygen-rich blood in to the important organs of the body until next level treatment care starts.It works very well and The American Heart Association recommended very strongly to everyone.
Long term TreatmentsImplantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD): This is a very small device implanted under the skin either in abdomen or chest area. It acts same as the external defibrillators but monitors the heart rhythms automatically and provides the treatment at the needed time. This protects from cardiac arrest.Coronary angioplasty: This process involves clearing the blocked coronary arteries and allows smooth blood flow in the heart. This reduces the risk of arrhythmias. For this process doctors insert a long tube in your leg part and pass through artery in the heart and clear the blockage.
Coronary bypass surgery: It is also called as bypass surgery or coronary artery bypass grafting. This surgery sews veins and artery at the place of blockage and restores the blood flow in the heart. This helps in proper blood flow within the heart and other body parts and also controls the heart rhythms.Radiofrequency catheter ablation: It is used to block abnormal electrical supply in the heart and one or many catheters are inserted in the inner heart blood vessels. These help in controlling cardiac arrest and other heart diseases.
Coronary bypass surgery
Corrective heart surgery: Heart surgery is performed because of valve faulty, congenital heart, heart muscle tissue disease. This controls regular blood flow in the body and reduces the risk of cardiac arrest and other heart related problems.
Cardiac Rehabilitation: Rehab is the place where you will gain more activeness, healthy life, proper life style, energetic and positive attitude towards life, in short you will change the prospective of seeing life and start working towards the betterment only with the help of their teaching skills. Cardiac rehab makes heart stronger and healthier with their treatment.
Cardiac arrest treatment in hospitalMedical team will keep you under observation and check your heart functionality time to time.Meanwhile doctors will try to find out the cause behind cardiac arrest and starts with the initial treatment.Medication is provided by the hospital staff to control the heart irregular rhythms and try to reduce the risk of getting sudden cardiac arrest.If a person is diagnos