How to say no!!!

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<ul><li> 1. Responsible youth entrepreneurship Creating culture of anti-corruption in the private sector Skopje, 16-17/11/2010</li></ul> <p> 2. Corruption is surrounding young business people How to say NO? Renata eperi Petak 3. Background on Global Status </p> <ul><li>Youth between the age 15-24 amount to 1.1 billion and constitute 18% percent global population and together with the one below age 24 amount to 40 percent of global population </li></ul> <ul><li>133 Million Youth remain illiterate in the world </li></ul> <ul><li>Youth constitute 41 percent of the world unemployed </li></ul> <ul><li>238 million youth live on less than $1 per</li></ul> <ul><li>7000 young become infected daily, girls and young women most victims </li></ul> <ul><li>There are more than 300 000 child soldiers in World today</li></ul> <p> 4. Defining Youth </p> <ul><li>Youth, as a concept, varies from culture to culture and from one society to another. For the purpose of thisConference , youth is a special phase of life between childhood and adulthood ranging from the age 15-35 </li></ul> <p> 5. Promoting Democracy and Good Governance </p> <ul><li>The notion of good governance and democracy is centre-stage for development. Good Governance has broad principles such as follows: </li></ul> <ul><li>Transparency </li></ul> <ul><li>Accountability </li></ul> <ul><li>Inclusively </li></ul> <ul><li>Fiscal responsibility </li></ul> <ul><li>Good Leadership </li></ul> <ul><li>Respect for Human Rights and Rule of Law </li></ul> <ul><li>Democracy and Fair competition for public office </li></ul> <ul><li>On going stakeholder participation </li></ul> <p> 6. 7. Corruption key political economy agenda </p> <ul><li>TI ( Transparency International) </li></ul> <ul><li>Corruption most affects young people as a result of their involvementin almost every aspect of society as students, activist, citizens, workers, customers and voters </li></ul> <p> 8. The Report says: </p> <ul><li>In 2009, TI's global corruption barometer, a measurement of petty corruption, found that across 69 countries 16% of respondents under the age of 30 had paid a bribe in the previous year.</li></ul> <ul><li>"In their interactions with government and businesses, young people are often put on the front line of corruption. They may be forced to 'bribe' to go to school, pass an exam or get a job.</li></ul> <ul><li>"For example, petty corruption can become a prerequisite for getting a first job or the only means for young people to beat out ever-tighter competition for fewer openings," says TI.</li></ul> <p> 9. Causes and cost of corruption </p> <ul><li>Weak public institutions and inadequate framework for government accountability </li></ul> <ul><li>Poverty creates perverse incentives for public officials, businesses and households </li></ul> <ul><li>Lack of transparency- inadequate oversight weak enforcement, ineffective electoral system </li></ul> <ul><li>Associated with absence of civil liberties </li></ul> <ul><li>Unprofessional civil service </li></ul> <ul><li>Uncompetitive private sector and concentration of economic power in monopolies</li></ul> <ul><li>Corruption has significant negative impact on economic growth especially impacting the poor if a country improve its corruption score by 2.38% on a 10-point scale, its GDP would rise by more than 0.5 percentage point.</li></ul> <p> 10. Corruption a key challenge for development </p> <ul><li>Governance, state capacity, rule of law and democracy correlated to growth </li></ul> <ul><li>Example: the cots of weak governance affects volume and quality of FDI flows</li></ul> <p> 11. 12. 13. Corruption destroys social capital </p> <ul><li>Trusting societies have less corruption and oppositely, high corruption destroys social capital and people are less likely to endorse high moral standards and legal behavior </li></ul> <ul><li>Alternatively, people who believe that legal system is fair are impartial are more likely to trust their governments</li></ul> <ul><li>SEE region has a considerably low level of mutual trust among its overall population more than two tines lower that the EU average </li></ul> <ul><li>Past surveys in some SEE countries found a relatively high level of opportunism especially among the youth a real danger of maintaining the unfortunate current state of affairs over the long term.</li></ul> <p> 14. Political will to fight corruption </p> <ul><li>Indicators of political will:</li></ul> <ul><li>Domestic origin of the initiative </li></ul> <ul><li>High degree of analysis </li></ul> <ul><li>High level of participation </li></ul> <ul><li>Inclusion of prevention, education and sanctions </li></ul> <ul><li>Dedication of adequate resources </li></ul> <ul><li>Objective monitoring and evaluation</li></ul> <p> 15. Recommendations </p> <ul><li>Understanding Good Governance </li></ul> <ul><li>Corruption: definition issues and cost </li></ul> <ul><li>Causes of corruption </li></ul> <ul><li>Responses to corruption the role of Media and Parliaments </li></ul> <ul><li>The Role of the Youth on Good Governance </li></ul> <ul><li>Collective and individual Action Plans on Governance </li></ul> <ul><li>Learning Approach and Process </li></ul> <p> 16. Thank you for your attention! </p>