how to give a good talk?

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How to Give a Good Talk?. Arnaud Legout INRIA, Sophia Antipolis EPI Planète. Email: arnaud.legout@inria.fr. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons BY-NC-SA License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/. cel-00529505, version 5 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • How to Give a Good Talk?Arnaud Legout

    INRIA, Sophia AntipolisEPI Plante Email: arnaud.legout@inria.frThis work is licensed under the Creative Commons BY-NC-SA License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/cel-00529505, version 5April 2013

  • Presentations are afundamental part ofresearch excellence*Why?

  • Research and MarketingThe best researchers in the world learned how to sell their workTo the community: visibility, impactTo students: attract graduate studentsTo commissions: funding, promotionTo the public: increase attraction of your field, fame

    *

  • Goals of a PresentationGive the audience the intuition of your ideaMake the audience eager To read your paperTo ask you questionsTo discuss with youBuild relationshipCreate a reputationGet feedback*

  • Goals of a PresentationShow you can make great presentationsBig plus in a careerConversely, a poor presentation can kill an application to a new position

    *Each talk is an interview talk

  • Can You Trust Me?Make your own opinionAttend/watch presentationsMimic presentations you understand/likeBig plus if it is not your fieldNever ever consider simplicity and clarity as a proof of weakness: this is talentYou can violate the rules if you have a very good reason to do so*

  • Focus of This TalkBroadly applicable advices for any kind of talks

    Some specifics for scientific talksComplex figuresEquationsMethodologyProof*

  • OutlineWhy should you bother doing talks?How to structure your talk?How to make your slides?How to give your talk?Great talks examples

    *

  • *Tell a Clear and Convincing Story

  • Define First Your MessageThe audience will remember at most one single messageWhich message you want to audience to remember? Can you express this message in less than a minute in an elevator?

    Tailor you talk according to this messageDont sell more, but sell it well*

  • Do Not Present Too MuchCommon pitfallI did a lot and I will present every single bit of my work. They will be impressed!That shows you are unable to deliver a message

    Do not hesitate to cut your resultsBetter to present 10% the entire audience gets than 90% nobody gets*

  • Adapt to the AudienceThe entire audience must understand your talkBetter to explain notions a part of the audience already knows than to lose another part during the talk

    Do not overestimate the knowledge of the audience in your field*

  • Give a Structure to Your TalkGive a backgroundAdapt to the audienceAdapt the technical granularity of your presentationMake it fun and catchyMotivate your workWhy is the subject important and interesting?Focus of your workWhat is this presentation/work about in a single sentence? What is the problem?*

  • Give a Structure to Your TalkShow methodology and toolsShow resultsClearly show your contributionsConclude with a summary of contributionsImpact of this workFuture work rarely makes sense unless you are really planning future work*Tell a story from the background to the conclusion

  • Give a Structure to Your TalkGive an outlineYou can give it first before or after (better) the backgroundRepeat the outline before each new partUse color to show where you areMake clear the structure of your talk to the audienceNo suspense *

  • Give a Structure to Your TalkNo need to go deep into related work (unless it is a survey)Your contributions must be the coreBut, be prepared to discuss related work*

  • Alternate StructuresYou need to know what you are doingMore original means more risks

    Alternate questions and answersAppropriate for tutorials and general talksLess appropriate for technical talksBut, can be used to introduce the problem and each contribution*

  • Alternate StructuresNo slidesNeed to be a very strong speakerNeed a very well structured presentationNeed a very high effort from the audienceYou must transmit energySome (lazy) people dont like such presentation*

  • Make SummariesFor each important resultAt the end of each part of your talk

    *Clearly show the take home messages

  • Anticipate Q&AQ&A are part of the talk, dont underestimate its importancePrepare backup slidesVery impressive when it worksYou can put technical details or results you did not have time to address in themBe prepared to answer questionsRehearse with colleaguesBe prepared to hard questions*

  • Questions You Must Ask Before You Prepare Your TalkMy goal?My single message?Audience?Background, knowledge, size, expectationsDuration?For the talk, for the questionsRoom characteristics?Size, position of the screen, my position *Adapt your talk and material to each context

  • OutlineWhy should you bother doing talks?How to structure your talk?How to make your slides?How to give your talk?Great talks examples

    *

  • *Clarity and simplicityYou give the talk, slides support it. Never compete with them, you will lose!

  • Slide TemplateAvoid overloaded templatesFrequent with some companies that like to justify a costly graphical identityUnless you have a graphical talent, keep it simpleMake a clear distinction between the title and the restDo not use complex headers or footersNo need to give the presentation title, affiliation, authors list, company logo, etc. on each slide March 2013Arnaud Legout How to Give a Good Talk- *How to give a good talk > How to make your slides > Slide Template

    Arnaud Legout How to Give a Good Talk

  • Use Slide NumbersHow do you know which slide it is over 30?The slide whose title is Use Slide NumbersThe slide after Presentation GuidelinesI dont remember, go back, again, again, again, again, stop yes this one!Used to ask questions and to practiceUsed during audio or video conferencesAt least 20 ptEven at the back someone may ask a question

  • Use Slide NumbersIn some cases, it is useful to also add the total number of slidesFor a defense or a short talkEasy way for the jury or the audience to assess whether you are close to the conclusion and will not exceed your allocated timeFor longer talks dont show the total numberA large number of remaining slides might be discouraging*/120

  • Use non-serif fonts (times)Serif fonts are hard to readLine width is not uniformThin lines may not render well with all projector typesHard to read from the backUseArial: looks formal, very (may be too) popularTahoma: plainCalibri: good alternative to arialCentury Gothic: elegant*

  • Use non-serif fonts (Arial)Serif fonts hard to readLine width is not uniformThin lines may not render well with all projector typesHard to read from the backUseArial: looks formal, very (may be too) popularTahoma: plainCalibri: good alternative to arialCentury Gothic: Elegant*

  • Use non-serif fonts (Tahoma)Serif fonts hard to readLine width is not uniformThin lines may not render well with all projector typesHard to read from the backUseArial: looks formal, very (may be too) popularTahoma: plainCalibri: good alternative to arialCentury Gothic: Elegant*

  • Use non-serif fonts (Calibri)Serif fonts hard to readLine width is not uniformThin lines may not render well with all projector typesHard to read from the backUseArial: looks formal, very (may be too) popularTahoma: plainCalibri: good alternative to arialCentury Gothic: Elegant*

  • Use non-serif fonts (Century G.)Serif fonts hard to readLine width is not uniformThin lines may not render well with all projector typesHard to read from the backUseArial: looks formal, very (may be too) popularTahoma: plainCalibri: good alternative to arialCentury Gothic: Elegant*

  • The Ban Comic Sans CampaignSome people hate the comic sans fonthttp://bancomicsans.com

    ReasonsUbiquitousChildish, immature, naveInappropriately usedDesigned at Microsoft*

  • The Ban Comic Sans CampaignSafe side to do not use itBe aware you might upset the audienceDont use it for a job applicationI used it in my lectures starting in 2005I believed it looks less scary than Arial for studentsDropped it in late 2011 (I prefer Calibri now)It is very rare today in academic presentations*

  • Use Large FontsFont must be larger than 24pt (here it is 32pt)Font must be larger than 24pt (here it is 24pt)Font must be larger than 24pt (here it is 20pt)Font must be larger than 24pt (here it is 18pt)Font must be larger than 24pt (here it is 16pt)Font must be larger than 24pt (here it is 14pt)Where do you stop to read it from the back?Consider poor projectors, poor screens, poor eyes

    *

  • Use Large Symbols*

  • Use Thick Solid Lines and Colors*

  • Never Use Camera Ready Figures*

  • Be ConciseDo not write complete sentences as they make your message obfuscated in long lines of textNever forget that nobody can read your slides and listen to you at the same time unless you are reading what is in your slides. But, you must not read your slides, this is boringOmit technical details, there is no chance to explain everything in a single presentation. Instead, you should make the audience eager to read your workDo not believe complexity will impress your audience, it will simply make you look unable to express your idea

    *

  • Be ConciseWrite small sentencesDo not compete with your slidesYou give the message, the slides support itDo not dig into detailsJust deliver a messageGive a preview of your work/paperBe simple in your explanations

    *

  • Should I Show One Bullet at a Time?Perfectly fine to show the entire slide if it is conciseNo need to over animateWhen appropriate, I like to show the title alone to introduce the slideBut, if you feel you compete w